SpeechSynthesizer.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / 3.5.1 / WIN_WINDOWS / lh_tools_devdiv_wpf / Windows / wcp / Speech / Src / Synthesis / SpeechSynthesizer.cs / 1 / SpeechSynthesizer.cs

                            //------------------------------------------------------------------ 
// 
//     Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
// 
//----------------------------------------------------------------- 

using System; 
using System.Collections.Generic; 
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.Diagnostics; 
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;
using System.Speech.AudioFormat; 
using System.Speech.Internal;
using System.Speech.Internal.ObjectTokens; 
using System.Speech.Internal.Synthesis; 
using System.Speech.Synthesis.TtsEngine;
using System.Threading; 

using RegistryDataKey = System.Speech.Internal.ObjectTokens.RegistryDataKey;
using RegistryEntry = System.Collections.Generic.KeyValuePair;
 
namespace System.Speech.Synthesis
{ 
    ///  
    /// TODOC
    ///  
    public sealed class SpeechSynthesizer : IDisposable
#if SPEECHSERVER || PROMPT_ENGINE
, ISesSynthesizer
#endif 
    {
        //******************************************************************* 
        // 
        // Constructors
        // 
        //*******************************************************************

        #region Constructors
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        public SpeechSynthesizer ()
        { 
        }

#if SPEECHSERVER
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        internal SpeechSynthesizer (bool outputAsText) : this ()
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer._outputAsText = outputAsText;
        }

#endif 
        /// 
        /// 
        ///  
        ~SpeechSynthesizer ()
        { 
            Dispose (false);
        }

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        public void Dispose () 
        {
            Dispose (true); 
            GC.SuppressFinalize (this);
        }

        #endregion 

        //******************************************************************** 
        // 
        // Public Methods
        // 
        //*******************************************************************

        #region public Methods
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        /// 
        public void SelectVoice (string name) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfEmptyOrNull (name, "name");
            TTSVoice ttsVoice = VoiceSynthesizer.GetEngine (name, CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture, VoiceGender.NotSet, VoiceAge.NotSet, 1, true);
 
            if (ttsVoice == null || name != ttsVoice.VoiceInfo.Name)
            { 
                // No match - throw 
                throw new ArgumentException (SR.Get (SRID.SynthesizerSetVoiceNoMatch));
            } 
            VoiceSynthesizer.Voice = ttsVoice;
        }

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        ///  
        public void SelectVoiceByHints (VoiceGender gender)
        { 
            SelectVoiceByHints (gender, VoiceAge.NotSet, 1, CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture);
        }

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        ///  
        /// 
        public void SelectVoiceByHints (VoiceGender gender, VoiceAge age) 
        {
            SelectVoiceByHints (gender, age, 1, CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture);
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public void SelectVoiceByHints (VoiceGender gender, VoiceAge age, int voiceAlternate)
        {
            SelectVoiceByHints (gender, age, voiceAlternate, CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture); 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        ///  
        public void SelectVoiceByHints (VoiceGender gender, VoiceAge age, int voiceAlternate, CultureInfo culture)
        { 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (culture, "culture"); 

            if (voiceAlternate < 0) 
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("voiceAlternate", SR.Get (SRID.PromptBuilderInvalidVariant));
            }
            if (!VoiceInfo.ValidateGender (gender)) 
            {
                throw new ArgumentException (SR.Get (SRID.EnumInvalid, "VoiceGender"), "gender"); 
            } 

            if (!VoiceInfo.ValidateAge (age)) 
            {
                throw new ArgumentException (SR.Get (SRID.EnumInvalid, "VoiceAge"), "age");
            }
 
            TTSVoice ttsVoice = VoiceSynthesizer.GetEngine (null, culture, gender, age, voiceAlternate, true);
 
            if (ttsVoice == null) 
            {
                // No match - throw 
                throw new InvalidOperationException (SR.Get (SRID.SynthesizerSetVoiceNoMatch));
            }
            VoiceSynthesizer.Voice = ttsVoice;
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public Prompt SpeakAsync (string textToSpeak)
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (textToSpeak, "textToSpeak"); 

            Prompt prompt = new Prompt (textToSpeak, SynthesisTextFormat.Text); 
            SpeakAsync (prompt); 
            return prompt;
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        public void SpeakAsync (Prompt prompt) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (prompt, "prompt"); 

            prompt.Synthesizer = this;
            VoiceSynthesizer.SpeakAsync (prompt);
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public Prompt SpeakSsmlAsync (string textToSpeak)
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (textToSpeak, "textToSpeak"); 

            Prompt prompt = new Prompt (textToSpeak, SynthesisTextFormat.Ssml); 
            SpeakAsync (prompt); 
            return prompt;
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        public Prompt SpeakAsync (PromptBuilder promptBuilder) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (promptBuilder, "promptBuilder"); 

            Prompt prompt = new Prompt (promptBuilder);
            SpeakAsync (prompt);
            return prompt; 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
        public void Speak (string textToSpeak)
        { 
            Speak (new Prompt (textToSpeak, SynthesisTextFormat.Text));
        } 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public void Speak (Prompt prompt) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (prompt, "prompt"); 
 
            // Avoid a dead lock if the synthesizer is Paused
            if (State == SynthesizerState.Paused) 
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException (SR.Get (SRID.SynthesizerSyncSpeakWhilePaused));
            }
 
            prompt.Synthesizer = this;
            prompt._syncSpeak = true; 
            VoiceSynthesizer.Speak (prompt); 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public void Speak (PromptBuilder promptBuilder) 
        { 
            Speak (new Prompt (promptBuilder));
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        public void SpeakSsml (string textToSpeak) 
        {
            Speak (new Prompt (textToSpeak, SynthesisTextFormat.Ssml)); 
        }

        /// 
        /// Pause the playback of all speech in this synthesizer. 
        /// 
        public void Pause () 
        { 
            // Increment the Paused count
            if (!paused) 
            {
                VoiceSynthesizer.Pause ();
                paused = true;
            } 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// Resume the playback of all speech in this synthesizer.
        ///  
        public void Resume ()
        {
            if (paused)
            { 
                VoiceSynthesizer.Resume ();
                paused = false; 
            } 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// Cancel playback of all Prompts currently in the queue.
        /// 
        ///  
        public void SpeakAsyncCancel (Prompt prompt)
        { 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (prompt, "prompt"); 

            VoiceSynthesizer.Abort (prompt); 
        }

        /// 
        /// Cancel playback of all Prompts currently in the queue. 
        /// 
        public void SpeakAsyncCancelAll () 
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer.Abort ();
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        // The stream is disposed when the speech synthesizer is disposed 
        public void SetOutputToWaveFile (string path) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfEmptyOrNull (path, "path"); 

            SetOutputToNull ();
            SetOutputStream (new FileStream (path, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write), null, true, true);
        } 

#if !SPEECHSERVER 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
        // The stream is disposed when the speech synthesizer is disposed
        public void SetOutputToWaveFile (string path, SpeechAudioFormatInfo formatInfo) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfEmptyOrNull (path, "path"); 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (formatInfo, "formatInfo"); 

            SetOutputToNull (); 
            SetOutputStream (new FileStream (path, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write), formatInfo, true, true);
        }
#endif
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        /// 
        public void SetOutputToWaveStream (Stream audioDestination) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (audioDestination, "audioDestination");

            SetOutputStream (audioDestination, null, true, false); 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
#if !SPEECHSERVER
        public void SetOutputToAudioStream (Stream audioDestination, SpeechAudioFormatInfo formatInfo) 
#else
        internal void SetOutputToAudioStream (Stream audioDestination, SpeechAudioFormatInfo formatInfo) 
#endif 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (audioDestination, "audioDestination"); 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (formatInfo, "formatInfo");

            SetOutputStream (audioDestination, formatInfo, false, false);
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public void SetOutputToDefaultAudioDevice () 
        {
            SetOutputStream (null, null, true, false);
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        // The stream is disposed when the speech synthesizer is disposed
        public void SetOutputToNull () 
        {
            // Close the existing stream
            if (_outputStream != Stream.Null)
            { 
                VoiceSynthesizer.SetOutput (Stream.Null, null, true);
            } 
 
            if (_outputStream != null)
            { 
                if (_closeStreamOnExit)
                {
                    _outputStream.Close ();
                } 
            }
            _outputStream = Stream.Null; 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        /// 
        // Dynamic content, use a method instead of a property to denote that fact 
        public Prompt GetCurrentlySpokenPrompt ()
        { 
            return VoiceSynthesizer.Prompt; 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        ///  
        public ReadOnlyCollection GetInstalledVoices ()
        { 
            return VoiceSynthesizer.GetInstalledVoices (null); 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public ReadOnlyCollection GetInstalledVoices (CultureInfo culture) 
        { 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (culture, "culture");
 
            if (culture.Equals (CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException (SR.Get (SRID.InvariantCultureInfo), "culture");
            } 

            return VoiceSynthesizer.GetInstalledVoices (culture); 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        /// 
        ///  
        public void AddLexicon (Uri uri, string mediaType)
        { 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (uri, "uri"); 

            VoiceSynthesizer.AddLexicon (uri, mediaType); 
        }

        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        ///  
        public void RemoveLexicon (Uri uri) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (uri, "uri"); 

            VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveLexicon (uri);
        }
 
#if SPEECHSERVER || PROMPT_ENGINE
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
        void ISesSynthesizer.LoadDatabase (string localName, string alias)
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer.LoadDatabase (localName, alias);
        } 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        /// 
        void ISesSynthesizer.UnloadDatabase (string alias)
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer.UnloadDatabase (alias);
        } 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        /// 
        void ISesSynthesizer.SetResourceLoader (ISpeechResourceLoader resourceLoader)
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer.SetResourceLoader (resourceLoader);
        } 
 
#endif
        //******************************************************************** 
        //
        // Public Events
        //
        //******************************************************************** 

        #region public Events 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public event EventHandler SpeakStarted
        {
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            add
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer._speakStarted += value;
            } 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer._speakStarted -= value;
            } 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        public event EventHandler SpeakCompleted
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add 
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer._speakCompleted += value; 
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer._speakCompleted -= value; 
            } 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        public event EventHandler SpeakProgress 
        {
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            add 
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.WordBoundary, ref VoiceSynthesizer._speakProgress, value);
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove 
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.WordBoundary, ref VoiceSynthesizer._speakProgress, value); 
            }
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        public event EventHandler BookmarkReached
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            add
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.Bookmark, ref VoiceSynthesizer._bookmarkReached, value);
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.Bookmark, ref VoiceSynthesizer._bookmarkReached, value);
            } 
        }

        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public event EventHandler VoiceChange 
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add 
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.VoiceChange, ref VoiceSynthesizer._voiceChange, value);
            } 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove 
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.VoiceChange, ref VoiceSynthesizer._voiceChange, value); 
            }
        }

#if !SPEECHSERVER 

        #region WinFx 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public event EventHandler PhonemeReached
        {
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            add
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.Phoneme, ref VoiceSynthesizer._phonemeReached, value);
            } 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.Phoneme, ref VoiceSynthesizer._phonemeReached, value);
            } 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        public event EventHandler VisemeReached
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add 
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.Viseme, ref VoiceSynthesizer._visemeReached, value); 
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.Viseme, ref VoiceSynthesizer._visemeReached, value); 
            } 
        }
 
        #endregion

#else
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        public event EventHandler ProprietaryEngineEvent
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute(MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.Private, ref VoiceSynthesizer._proprietaryEngineEvent, value);
            } 
            [MethodImplAttribute(MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.Private, ref VoiceSynthesizer._proprietaryEngineEvent, value);
            }
        } 

#endif 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        /// 
        public event EventHandler StateChanged
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add 
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer._stateChanged += value; 
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer._stateChanged -= value; 
            } 
        }
 
        #endregion

        #endregion Events
 
        //*******************************************************************
        // 
        // Public Properties 
        //
        //******************************************************************** 

        #region public Properties

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        ///  
        public SynthesizerState State
        { 
            get
            {
                return VoiceSynthesizer.State;
            } 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        public int Rate
        {
            set
            { 
                if (value < -10 || value > 10)
                { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("value", SR.Get (SRID.RateOutOfRange)); 
                }
                VoiceSynthesizer.Rate = value; 
            }
            get
            {
                return VoiceSynthesizer.Rate; 
            }
        } 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public int Volume
        {
            set 
            {
                if (value < 0 || value > 100) 
                { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("value", SR.Get (SRID.ResourceUsageOutOfRange));
                } 
                VoiceSynthesizer.Volume = value;
            }
            get
            { 
                return VoiceSynthesizer.Volume;
            } 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        /// 
        public VoiceInfo Voice 
        {
            get 
            { 
                // Get the sapi voice
                return VoiceSynthesizer.CurrentVoice (true).VoiceInfo; 
            }
        }

        //******************************************************************* 
        //
        // Internal Properties 
        // 
        //*******************************************************************
 
        #region Internal Properties

#if SPEECHSERVER || PROMPT_ENGINE
 
        static internal string PromptVoices
        { 
            set 
            {
                _promptVoices = value; 
            }
            get
            {
                return _promptVoices; 
            }
        } 
#endif 

        #endregion 

        #endregion

        //******************************************************************* 
        //
        // Private Methods 
        // 
        //********************************************************************
 
        #region Private Methods

        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        ///  
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        private void SetOutputStream (Stream stream, SpeechAudioFormatInfo formatInfo, bool headerInfo, bool closeStreamOnExit)
        {
            SetOutputToNull ();
            _outputStream = stream; 
            _closeStreamOnExit = closeStreamOnExit;
 
            // Need to serialize into a proper wav file before closing the stream 
            VoiceSynthesizer.SetOutput (stream, formatInfo, headerInfo);
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        private void Dispose (bool disposing) 
        { 
            if (!_isDisposed && disposing)
            { 
                if (_voiceSynthesis != null)
                {
                    // flag it first so asynchronous operation has more time to finish
                    _isDisposed = true; 
                    SpeakAsyncCancelAll ();
                    // Flush the Output stream 
                    if (_outputStream != null) 
                    {
                        if (_closeStreamOnExit) 
                        {
                            _outputStream.Close ();
                        }
                        else 
                        {
                            _outputStream.Flush (); 
                        } 
                        _outputStream = null;
                    } 
                }
            }

            if (_voiceSynthesis != null) 
            {
                // Terminate the background synthesis object the thread. 
                _voiceSynthesis.Dispose (); 
                _voiceSynthesis = null;
            } 

            _isDisposed = true;
        }
 
        #endregion
 
        //******************************************************************* 
        //
        // Private Properties 
        //
        //********************************************************************

        #region Private Properties 
        private VoiceSynthesis VoiceSynthesizer
        { 
            get 
            {
                if (_voiceSynthesis == null && _isDisposed) 
                {
                    throw new ObjectDisposedException ("SpeechSynthesizer");
                }
                if (_voiceSynthesis == null) 
                {
                    WeakReference wr = new WeakReference (this); 
                    _voiceSynthesis = new VoiceSynthesis (wr); 
                }
                return _voiceSynthesis; 
            }
        }
        #endregion
 
        //********************************************************************
        // 
        // Private Fields 
        //
        //******************************************************************* 

        #region Private Fields

        // SpVoice for this synthesizer 
        private VoiceSynthesis _voiceSynthesis;
 
        // Is the object disposed? 
        private bool _isDisposed;
 
        // Count of number of consecutive calls to Paused
        private bool paused;

        // .Net Stream - keep a reference to it to avoid it to be GC 
        private Stream _outputStream;
 
        // If stream were created in SpeechFx then close it, otherwise it should remain open. 
        private bool _closeStreamOnExit;
 
#if SPEECHSERVER || PROMPT_ENGINE

        private static string _promptVoices = SAPICategories.PromptVoices;
 
#endif
        #endregion Fields 
    } 

    //******************************************************************** 
    //
    // Public Enums
    //
    //******************************************************************* 

    #region Public Enums 
 
    /// 
    /// TODOC 
    /// 
    public enum SynthesizerState
    {
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        Ready, 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        Speaking,
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        Paused 
    } 

#if !SPEECHSERVER 

    /// 
    /// TODOC
    ///  
    [Flags]
    public enum SynthesizerEmphasis 
    { 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        Stressed = 1,
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        Emphasized = 2 
    } 

#endif 

    #endregion
}
 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
//------------------------------------------------------------------ 
// 
//     Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
// 
//----------------------------------------------------------------- 

using System; 
using System.Collections.Generic; 
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.Diagnostics; 
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;
using System.Speech.AudioFormat; 
using System.Speech.Internal;
using System.Speech.Internal.ObjectTokens; 
using System.Speech.Internal.Synthesis; 
using System.Speech.Synthesis.TtsEngine;
using System.Threading; 

using RegistryDataKey = System.Speech.Internal.ObjectTokens.RegistryDataKey;
using RegistryEntry = System.Collections.Generic.KeyValuePair;
 
namespace System.Speech.Synthesis
{ 
    ///  
    /// TODOC
    ///  
    public sealed class SpeechSynthesizer : IDisposable
#if SPEECHSERVER || PROMPT_ENGINE
, ISesSynthesizer
#endif 
    {
        //******************************************************************* 
        // 
        // Constructors
        // 
        //*******************************************************************

        #region Constructors
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        public SpeechSynthesizer ()
        { 
        }

#if SPEECHSERVER
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        internal SpeechSynthesizer (bool outputAsText) : this ()
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer._outputAsText = outputAsText;
        }

#endif 
        /// 
        /// 
        ///  
        ~SpeechSynthesizer ()
        { 
            Dispose (false);
        }

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        public void Dispose () 
        {
            Dispose (true); 
            GC.SuppressFinalize (this);
        }

        #endregion 

        //******************************************************************** 
        // 
        // Public Methods
        // 
        //*******************************************************************

        #region public Methods
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        /// 
        public void SelectVoice (string name) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfEmptyOrNull (name, "name");
            TTSVoice ttsVoice = VoiceSynthesizer.GetEngine (name, CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture, VoiceGender.NotSet, VoiceAge.NotSet, 1, true);
 
            if (ttsVoice == null || name != ttsVoice.VoiceInfo.Name)
            { 
                // No match - throw 
                throw new ArgumentException (SR.Get (SRID.SynthesizerSetVoiceNoMatch));
            } 
            VoiceSynthesizer.Voice = ttsVoice;
        }

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        ///  
        public void SelectVoiceByHints (VoiceGender gender)
        { 
            SelectVoiceByHints (gender, VoiceAge.NotSet, 1, CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture);
        }

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        ///  
        /// 
        public void SelectVoiceByHints (VoiceGender gender, VoiceAge age) 
        {
            SelectVoiceByHints (gender, age, 1, CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture);
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public void SelectVoiceByHints (VoiceGender gender, VoiceAge age, int voiceAlternate)
        {
            SelectVoiceByHints (gender, age, voiceAlternate, CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture); 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        ///  
        public void SelectVoiceByHints (VoiceGender gender, VoiceAge age, int voiceAlternate, CultureInfo culture)
        { 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (culture, "culture"); 

            if (voiceAlternate < 0) 
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("voiceAlternate", SR.Get (SRID.PromptBuilderInvalidVariant));
            }
            if (!VoiceInfo.ValidateGender (gender)) 
            {
                throw new ArgumentException (SR.Get (SRID.EnumInvalid, "VoiceGender"), "gender"); 
            } 

            if (!VoiceInfo.ValidateAge (age)) 
            {
                throw new ArgumentException (SR.Get (SRID.EnumInvalid, "VoiceAge"), "age");
            }
 
            TTSVoice ttsVoice = VoiceSynthesizer.GetEngine (null, culture, gender, age, voiceAlternate, true);
 
            if (ttsVoice == null) 
            {
                // No match - throw 
                throw new InvalidOperationException (SR.Get (SRID.SynthesizerSetVoiceNoMatch));
            }
            VoiceSynthesizer.Voice = ttsVoice;
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public Prompt SpeakAsync (string textToSpeak)
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (textToSpeak, "textToSpeak"); 

            Prompt prompt = new Prompt (textToSpeak, SynthesisTextFormat.Text); 
            SpeakAsync (prompt); 
            return prompt;
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        public void SpeakAsync (Prompt prompt) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (prompt, "prompt"); 

            prompt.Synthesizer = this;
            VoiceSynthesizer.SpeakAsync (prompt);
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public Prompt SpeakSsmlAsync (string textToSpeak)
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (textToSpeak, "textToSpeak"); 

            Prompt prompt = new Prompt (textToSpeak, SynthesisTextFormat.Ssml); 
            SpeakAsync (prompt); 
            return prompt;
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        public Prompt SpeakAsync (PromptBuilder promptBuilder) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (promptBuilder, "promptBuilder"); 

            Prompt prompt = new Prompt (promptBuilder);
            SpeakAsync (prompt);
            return prompt; 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
        public void Speak (string textToSpeak)
        { 
            Speak (new Prompt (textToSpeak, SynthesisTextFormat.Text));
        } 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public void Speak (Prompt prompt) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (prompt, "prompt"); 
 
            // Avoid a dead lock if the synthesizer is Paused
            if (State == SynthesizerState.Paused) 
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException (SR.Get (SRID.SynthesizerSyncSpeakWhilePaused));
            }
 
            prompt.Synthesizer = this;
            prompt._syncSpeak = true; 
            VoiceSynthesizer.Speak (prompt); 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public void Speak (PromptBuilder promptBuilder) 
        { 
            Speak (new Prompt (promptBuilder));
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        public void SpeakSsml (string textToSpeak) 
        {
            Speak (new Prompt (textToSpeak, SynthesisTextFormat.Ssml)); 
        }

        /// 
        /// Pause the playback of all speech in this synthesizer. 
        /// 
        public void Pause () 
        { 
            // Increment the Paused count
            if (!paused) 
            {
                VoiceSynthesizer.Pause ();
                paused = true;
            } 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// Resume the playback of all speech in this synthesizer.
        ///  
        public void Resume ()
        {
            if (paused)
            { 
                VoiceSynthesizer.Resume ();
                paused = false; 
            } 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// Cancel playback of all Prompts currently in the queue.
        /// 
        ///  
        public void SpeakAsyncCancel (Prompt prompt)
        { 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (prompt, "prompt"); 

            VoiceSynthesizer.Abort (prompt); 
        }

        /// 
        /// Cancel playback of all Prompts currently in the queue. 
        /// 
        public void SpeakAsyncCancelAll () 
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer.Abort ();
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        // The stream is disposed when the speech synthesizer is disposed 
        public void SetOutputToWaveFile (string path) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfEmptyOrNull (path, "path"); 

            SetOutputToNull ();
            SetOutputStream (new FileStream (path, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write), null, true, true);
        } 

#if !SPEECHSERVER 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
        // The stream is disposed when the speech synthesizer is disposed
        public void SetOutputToWaveFile (string path, SpeechAudioFormatInfo formatInfo) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfEmptyOrNull (path, "path"); 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (formatInfo, "formatInfo"); 

            SetOutputToNull (); 
            SetOutputStream (new FileStream (path, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write), formatInfo, true, true);
        }
#endif
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        /// 
        public void SetOutputToWaveStream (Stream audioDestination) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (audioDestination, "audioDestination");

            SetOutputStream (audioDestination, null, true, false); 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
#if !SPEECHSERVER
        public void SetOutputToAudioStream (Stream audioDestination, SpeechAudioFormatInfo formatInfo) 
#else
        internal void SetOutputToAudioStream (Stream audioDestination, SpeechAudioFormatInfo formatInfo) 
#endif 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (audioDestination, "audioDestination"); 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (formatInfo, "formatInfo");

            SetOutputStream (audioDestination, formatInfo, false, false);
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public void SetOutputToDefaultAudioDevice () 
        {
            SetOutputStream (null, null, true, false);
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        // The stream is disposed when the speech synthesizer is disposed
        public void SetOutputToNull () 
        {
            // Close the existing stream
            if (_outputStream != Stream.Null)
            { 
                VoiceSynthesizer.SetOutput (Stream.Null, null, true);
            } 
 
            if (_outputStream != null)
            { 
                if (_closeStreamOnExit)
                {
                    _outputStream.Close ();
                } 
            }
            _outputStream = Stream.Null; 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        /// 
        // Dynamic content, use a method instead of a property to denote that fact 
        public Prompt GetCurrentlySpokenPrompt ()
        { 
            return VoiceSynthesizer.Prompt; 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        ///  
        public ReadOnlyCollection GetInstalledVoices ()
        { 
            return VoiceSynthesizer.GetInstalledVoices (null); 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        ///  
        /// 
        public ReadOnlyCollection GetInstalledVoices (CultureInfo culture) 
        { 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (culture, "culture");
 
            if (culture.Equals (CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException (SR.Get (SRID.InvariantCultureInfo), "culture");
            } 

            return VoiceSynthesizer.GetInstalledVoices (culture); 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        /// 
        ///  
        public void AddLexicon (Uri uri, string mediaType)
        { 
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (uri, "uri"); 

            VoiceSynthesizer.AddLexicon (uri, mediaType); 
        }

        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        ///  
        public void RemoveLexicon (Uri uri) 
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (uri, "uri"); 

            VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveLexicon (uri);
        }
 
#if SPEECHSERVER || PROMPT_ENGINE
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        /// 
        void ISesSynthesizer.LoadDatabase (string localName, string alias)
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer.LoadDatabase (localName, alias);
        } 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        /// 
        void ISesSynthesizer.UnloadDatabase (string alias)
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer.UnloadDatabase (alias);
        } 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        /// 
        void ISesSynthesizer.SetResourceLoader (ISpeechResourceLoader resourceLoader)
        { 
            VoiceSynthesizer.SetResourceLoader (resourceLoader);
        } 
 
#endif
        //******************************************************************** 
        //
        // Public Events
        //
        //******************************************************************** 

        #region public Events 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public event EventHandler SpeakStarted
        {
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            add
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer._speakStarted += value;
            } 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer._speakStarted -= value;
            } 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        public event EventHandler SpeakCompleted
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add 
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer._speakCompleted += value; 
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer._speakCompleted -= value; 
            } 
        }
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        public event EventHandler SpeakProgress 
        {
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            add 
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.WordBoundary, ref VoiceSynthesizer._speakProgress, value);
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove 
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.WordBoundary, ref VoiceSynthesizer._speakProgress, value); 
            }
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        public event EventHandler BookmarkReached
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            add
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.Bookmark, ref VoiceSynthesizer._bookmarkReached, value);
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.Bookmark, ref VoiceSynthesizer._bookmarkReached, value);
            } 
        }

        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public event EventHandler VoiceChange 
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add 
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.VoiceChange, ref VoiceSynthesizer._voiceChange, value);
            } 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove 
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.VoiceChange, ref VoiceSynthesizer._voiceChange, value); 
            }
        }

#if !SPEECHSERVER 

        #region WinFx 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public event EventHandler PhonemeReached
        {
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            add
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.Phoneme, ref VoiceSynthesizer._phonemeReached, value);
            } 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.Phoneme, ref VoiceSynthesizer._phonemeReached, value);
            } 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        public event EventHandler VisemeReached
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add 
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.Viseme, ref VoiceSynthesizer._visemeReached, value); 
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.Viseme, ref VoiceSynthesizer._visemeReached, value); 
            } 
        }
 
        #endregion

#else
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        ///  
        public event EventHandler ProprietaryEngineEvent
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute(MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add
            {
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value"); 
                VoiceSynthesizer.AddEvent (TtsEventId.Private, ref VoiceSynthesizer._proprietaryEngineEvent, value);
            } 
            [MethodImplAttribute(MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)] 
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer.RemoveEvent (TtsEventId.Private, ref VoiceSynthesizer._proprietaryEngineEvent, value);
            }
        } 

#endif 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        /// 
        public event EventHandler StateChanged
        { 
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            add 
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer._stateChanged += value; 
            }
            [MethodImplAttribute (MethodImplOptions.Synchronized)]
            remove
            { 
                Helpers.ThrowIfNull (value, "value");
                VoiceSynthesizer._stateChanged -= value; 
            } 
        }
 
        #endregion

        #endregion Events
 
        //*******************************************************************
        // 
        // Public Properties 
        //
        //******************************************************************** 

        #region public Properties

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        ///  
        public SynthesizerState State
        { 
            get
            {
                return VoiceSynthesizer.State;
            } 
        }
 
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        public int Rate
        {
            set
            { 
                if (value < -10 || value > 10)
                { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("value", SR.Get (SRID.RateOutOfRange)); 
                }
                VoiceSynthesizer.Rate = value; 
            }
            get
            {
                return VoiceSynthesizer.Rate; 
            }
        } 
 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        public int Volume
        {
            set 
            {
                if (value < 0 || value > 100) 
                { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("value", SR.Get (SRID.ResourceUsageOutOfRange));
                } 
                VoiceSynthesizer.Volume = value;
            }
            get
            { 
                return VoiceSynthesizer.Volume;
            } 
        } 

        ///  
        /// TODOC
        /// 
        /// 
        public VoiceInfo Voice 
        {
            get 
            { 
                // Get the sapi voice
                return VoiceSynthesizer.CurrentVoice (true).VoiceInfo; 
            }
        }

        //******************************************************************* 
        //
        // Internal Properties 
        // 
        //*******************************************************************
 
        #region Internal Properties

#if SPEECHSERVER || PROMPT_ENGINE
 
        static internal string PromptVoices
        { 
            set 
            {
                _promptVoices = value; 
            }
            get
            {
                return _promptVoices; 
            }
        } 
#endif 

        #endregion 

        #endregion

        //******************************************************************* 
        //
        // Private Methods 
        // 
        //********************************************************************
 
        #region Private Methods

        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        ///  
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        private void SetOutputStream (Stream stream, SpeechAudioFormatInfo formatInfo, bool headerInfo, bool closeStreamOnExit)
        {
            SetOutputToNull ();
            _outputStream = stream; 
            _closeStreamOnExit = closeStreamOnExit;
 
            // Need to serialize into a proper wav file before closing the stream 
            VoiceSynthesizer.SetOutput (stream, formatInfo, headerInfo);
        } 

        /// 
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        /// 
        private void Dispose (bool disposing) 
        { 
            if (!_isDisposed && disposing)
            { 
                if (_voiceSynthesis != null)
                {
                    // flag it first so asynchronous operation has more time to finish
                    _isDisposed = true; 
                    SpeakAsyncCancelAll ();
                    // Flush the Output stream 
                    if (_outputStream != null) 
                    {
                        if (_closeStreamOnExit) 
                        {
                            _outputStream.Close ();
                        }
                        else 
                        {
                            _outputStream.Flush (); 
                        } 
                        _outputStream = null;
                    } 
                }
            }

            if (_voiceSynthesis != null) 
            {
                // Terminate the background synthesis object the thread. 
                _voiceSynthesis.Dispose (); 
                _voiceSynthesis = null;
            } 

            _isDisposed = true;
        }
 
        #endregion
 
        //******************************************************************* 
        //
        // Private Properties 
        //
        //********************************************************************

        #region Private Properties 
        private VoiceSynthesis VoiceSynthesizer
        { 
            get 
            {
                if (_voiceSynthesis == null && _isDisposed) 
                {
                    throw new ObjectDisposedException ("SpeechSynthesizer");
                }
                if (_voiceSynthesis == null) 
                {
                    WeakReference wr = new WeakReference (this); 
                    _voiceSynthesis = new VoiceSynthesis (wr); 
                }
                return _voiceSynthesis; 
            }
        }
        #endregion
 
        //********************************************************************
        // 
        // Private Fields 
        //
        //******************************************************************* 

        #region Private Fields

        // SpVoice for this synthesizer 
        private VoiceSynthesis _voiceSynthesis;
 
        // Is the object disposed? 
        private bool _isDisposed;
 
        // Count of number of consecutive calls to Paused
        private bool paused;

        // .Net Stream - keep a reference to it to avoid it to be GC 
        private Stream _outputStream;
 
        // If stream were created in SpeechFx then close it, otherwise it should remain open. 
        private bool _closeStreamOnExit;
 
#if SPEECHSERVER || PROMPT_ENGINE

        private static string _promptVoices = SAPICategories.PromptVoices;
 
#endif
        #endregion Fields 
    } 

    //******************************************************************** 
    //
    // Public Enums
    //
    //******************************************************************* 

    #region Public Enums 
 
    /// 
    /// TODOC 
    /// 
    public enum SynthesizerState
    {
        ///  
        /// TODOC
        ///  
        Ready, 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        Speaking,
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        Paused 
    } 

#if !SPEECHSERVER 

    /// 
    /// TODOC
    ///  
    [Flags]
    public enum SynthesizerEmphasis 
    { 
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        Stressed = 1,
        /// 
        /// TODOC 
        /// 
        Emphasized = 2 
    } 

#endif 

    #endregion
}
 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

Link Menu

Network programming in C#, Network Programming in VB.NET, Network Programming in .NET
This book is available now!
Buy at Amazon US or
Buy at Amazon UK