Configuration.cs source code in C# .NET

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Code:

/ 4.0 / 4.0 / DEVDIV_TFS / Dev10 / Releases / RTMRel / ndp / clr / src / BCL / System / Runtime / Remoting / Configuration.cs / 1305376 / Configuration.cs

                            // ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 
/*============================================================
** 
** File:    Configuration.cs 
**
** 
** Purpose: Classes used for reading and storing configuration
**
**
===========================================================*/ 
namespace System.Runtime.Remoting {
 
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Activation; 
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels;
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Contexts; 
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Lifetime;
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging;
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Metadata;
    using System.Runtime.InteropServices; 
    using System.Runtime.Serialization;
    using System.Threading; 
    using System.IO; 
    using System.Security;
    using System.Security.Permissions; 
    using System.Collections;
    using System.Reflection;
    using System.Globalization;
    using System.Runtime.Versioning; 
    using System.Diagnostics.Contracts;
 
    [Serializable] 
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
    public enum WellKnownObjectMode 
    {
        Singleton   = 1,
        SingleCall  = 2
    } 

    // This is the class that plays the role of per-appDomain statics 
    // till we have the real functionality. 
    internal class DomainSpecificRemotingData
    { 
        const int  ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING  = 0x00000001;
        const int  ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED   = 0x00000002;
        const int  ACTIVATOR_LISTENING      = 0x00000004;
 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical /*auto-generated*/]
        LocalActivator _LocalActivator; 
        ActivationListener _ActivationListener; 
        IContextProperty[]  _appDomainProperties;
        int _flags; 
        Object _ConfigLock;
        ChannelServicesData _ChannelServicesData;
                LeaseManager _LeaseManager;
        ReaderWriterLock _IDTableLock; 

        internal DomainSpecificRemotingData() 
        { 
            _flags = 0;
            _ConfigLock = new Object(); 
            _ChannelServicesData = new ChannelServicesData();
            _IDTableLock = new ReaderWriterLock();

            // Add the Lifetime service property to the appdomain. 
            // For now we are assuming that this is the only property
            // If there are more properties, then an existing array 
                        // will need to be expanded to add this property 
                        // The property needs to be added here so that the default context
                        // for an appdomain has lifetime services activated 

            _appDomainProperties = new IContextProperty[1];
            _appDomainProperties[0] = new System.Runtime.Remoting.Lifetime.LeaseLifeTimeServiceProperty();
        } 

        internal LeaseManager LeaseManager 
        { 
            get
            { 
                return _LeaseManager;
            }
            set
            { 
                _LeaseManager = value;
            } 
        } 

 
        // This lock object is exposed for various objects that need to synchronize
        // there configuration behavior.
        internal Object ConfigLock
        { 
            get { return _ConfigLock; }
        } 
 
        // This is the rwlock used by the uri table functions
        internal ReaderWriterLock IDTableLock 
        {
            get { return _IDTableLock; }
        }
 

        internal LocalActivator LocalActivator 
        { 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            get{return _LocalActivator;} 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            set{_LocalActivator=value;}
        }
 
        internal ActivationListener ActivationListener
        { 
            get {return _ActivationListener;} 
            set {_ActivationListener=value;}
        } 

        // access to InitializingActivation, ActivationInitialized
        // and ActivatorListening should be guarded by ConfigLock
        // by the caller. 
        internal bool InitializingActivation
        { 
            get {return (_flags & ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING) == ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING;} 
            set
            { 
                if (value == true)
                {
                    _flags = _flags | ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING;
                } 
                else
                { 
                    _flags = _flags & ~ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING; 
                }
            } 
        }

        internal bool ActivationInitialized
        { 
            get {return (_flags & ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED) == ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED;}
            set 
            { 
                if (value == true)
                { 
                    _flags = _flags | ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED;
                }
                else
                { 
                    _flags = _flags & ~ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED;
                } 
            } 

        } 

        internal bool ActivatorListening
        {
            get {return (_flags & ACTIVATOR_LISTENING) == ACTIVATOR_LISTENING;} 
            set
            { 
                if (value == true) 
                {
                    _flags = _flags | ACTIVATOR_LISTENING; 
                }
                else
                {
                    _flags = _flags & ~ACTIVATOR_LISTENING; 
                }
            } 
 
        }
 

        internal IContextProperty[] AppDomainContextProperties
        {
            get { return _appDomainProperties; } 
        }
 
        internal ChannelServicesData ChannelServicesData 
        {
            get 
            {
                return _ChannelServicesData;
            }
        } 
    } // class DomainSpecificRemotingData
 
 

 
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------
    //--------------------- Remoting Configuration ---------------------
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------
    internal static class RemotingConfigHandler 
    {
        static String _applicationName; 
        static CustomErrorsModes _errorMode = CustomErrorsModes.RemoteOnly; 
        static bool _errorsModeSet = false;
        static bool _bMachineConfigLoaded = false; 
        static bool _bUrlObjRefMode = false;

        static Queue _delayLoadChannelConfigQueue = new Queue(); // queue of channels we might be able to use
 

        // All functions of RemotingConfigHandler operate upon the config 
        // data stored on a per appDomain basis 
        public static RemotingConfigInfo Info = new RemotingConfigInfo();
 
        private const String _machineConfigFilename = "machine.config";


        internal static String ApplicationName 
        {
            get 
            { 
                if (_applicationName == null)
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        Environment.GetResourceString(
                            "Remoting_Config_NoAppName"));
                } 
                return _applicationName;
            } 
 
            set
            { 
                if (_applicationName != null)
                {
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_AppNameSet"),
                         _applicationName)); 
                } 

                _applicationName = value; 

                // get rid of any starting or trailing slashes
                char[] slash = new char[]{'/'};
                if (_applicationName.StartsWith("/", StringComparison.Ordinal)) 
                    _applicationName = _applicationName.TrimStart(slash);
                if (_applicationName.EndsWith("/", StringComparison.Ordinal)) 
                    _applicationName = _applicationName.TrimEnd(slash); 
            }
        } 

        internal static bool HasApplicationNameBeenSet()
        {
            return _applicationName != null; 
        }
 
        internal static bool UrlObjRefMode 
        {
            get { return _bUrlObjRefMode; } 
        }

        internal static CustomErrorsModes  CustomErrorsMode
        { 
           get {
                return _errorMode; 
           } 
           set
           { 
                if (_errorsModeSet)
                    throw new RemotingException(Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_ErrorsModeSet"));

                _errorsModeSet = true; 
                _errorMode = value;
           } 
 
        }
 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static IMessageSink FindDelayLoadChannelForCreateMessageSink(
            String url, Object data, out String objectURI)
        { 
            LoadMachineConfigIfNecessary();
 
            objectURI = null; 
            IMessageSink msgSink = null;
 
            foreach (DelayLoadClientChannelEntry entry in _delayLoadChannelConfigQueue)
            {
                IChannelSender channel = entry.Channel;
 
                // if the channel is null, that means it has already been registered.
                if (channel != null) 
                { 
                    msgSink = channel.CreateMessageSink(url, data, out objectURI);
                    if (msgSink != null) 
                    {
                        entry.RegisterChannel();
                        return msgSink;
                    } 
                }
            } 
 
            return null;
        } // FindChannelForCreateMessageSink 



        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        [ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.None)]
        [ResourceConsumption(ResourceScope.Machine, ResourceScope.Machine)] 
        static void LoadMachineConfigIfNecessary() 
        {
            // Load the machine.config file if we haven't already 
            if (!_bMachineConfigLoaded)
            {
                lock (Info)
                { 
                    if (!_bMachineConfigLoaded)
                    { 
                        RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData = RemotingXmlConfigFileParser.ParseDefaultConfiguration(); 
                        if (configData != null)
                            ConfigureRemoting(configData, false/*ensureSecurity*/); 

                        String machineDirectory = System.Security.Util.Config.MachineDirectory;
                        String longFileName = machineDirectory
                                            + _machineConfigFilename; 
                        new FileIOPermission(FileIOPermissionAccess.Read, longFileName).Assert();
 
                        configData = LoadConfigurationFromXmlFile(longFileName); 

                        if (configData != null) 
                            ConfigureRemoting(configData, false/*ensureSecurity*/);

                        _bMachineConfigLoaded = true;
                    } 
                }
            } 
        } // LoadMachineConfigIfNecessary 

 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        [ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.Machine)]
        [ResourceConsumption(ResourceScope.Machine)]
        internal static void DoConfiguration(String filename, bool ensureSecurity) 
        {
            LoadMachineConfigIfNecessary(); 
 
            // load specified config file
            RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData = LoadConfigurationFromXmlFile(filename); 

            // Configure remoting based on data loaded from the config file.
            // By design, we do nothing if no remoting config information was
            // present in the file. 
            if (configData != null)
                ConfigureRemoting(configData, ensureSecurity); 
        } 

        [ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.Machine)] 
        [ResourceConsumption(ResourceScope.Machine)]
        private static RemotingXmlConfigFileData LoadConfigurationFromXmlFile(String filename)
        {
            try 
            {
                if (filename != null) 
                    return RemotingXmlConfigFileParser.ParseConfigFile(filename); 
                else
                    return null; 
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Exception inner =  e.InnerException as FileNotFoundException; 
                if (inner != null)
                { 
                    // if the file is missing, this gives a clearer message 
                    e = inner;
                } 
                throw new RemotingException(
                    String.Format(
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                            "Remoting_Config_ReadFailure"), 
                        filename,
                        e)); 
            } 
        } // LoadConfigurationFromXmlFile
 

        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        private static void ConfigureRemoting(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData, bool ensureSecurity)
        { 
            try
            { 
                String appName = configData.ApplicationName; 
                if (appName != null)
                    ApplicationName = appName; 

                if (configData.CustomErrors != null)
                    _errorMode = configData.CustomErrors.Mode;
 
                // configure channels
                ConfigureChannels(configData, ensureSecurity); 
 
                // configure lifetime
                if (configData.Lifetime != null) 
                {
                    if (configData.Lifetime.IsLeaseTimeSet)
                        LifetimeServices.LeaseTime = configData.Lifetime.LeaseTime;
                    if (configData.Lifetime.IsRenewOnCallTimeSet) 
                        LifetimeServices.RenewOnCallTime = configData.Lifetime.RenewOnCallTime;
                    if (configData.Lifetime.IsSponsorshipTimeoutSet) 
                        LifetimeServices.SponsorshipTimeout = configData.Lifetime.SponsorshipTimeout; 
                    if (configData.Lifetime.IsLeaseManagerPollTimeSet)
                        LifetimeServices.LeaseManagerPollTime = configData.Lifetime.LeaseManagerPollTime; 
                }

                _bUrlObjRefMode = configData.UrlObjRefMode;
 
                // configure other entries
                Info.StoreRemoteAppEntries(configData); 
                Info.StoreActivatedExports(configData); 
                Info.StoreInteropEntries(configData);
                Info.StoreWellKnownExports(configData); 

                // start up activation listener if there are any activated objects exposed
                if (configData.ServerActivatedEntries.Count > 0)
                    ActivationServices.StartListeningForRemoteRequests(); 
            }
            catch (Exception e) 
            { 
                throw new RemotingException(
                    String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                            "Remoting_Config_ConfigurationFailure"),
                        e));
            } 
        } // ConfigureRemoting
 
 
        // configures channels loaded from remoting config file.
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        private static void ConfigureChannels(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData, bool ensureSecurity)
        {
            // Register our x-context & x-AD channels first
            RemotingServices.RegisterWellKnownChannels(); 

            foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ChannelEntry entry in configData.ChannelEntries) 
            { 
                if (!entry.DelayLoad)
                { 
                    IChannel chnl = CreateChannelFromConfigEntry(entry);
                    ChannelServices.RegisterChannel(chnl, ensureSecurity);
                }
                else 
                    _delayLoadChannelConfigQueue.Enqueue(new DelayLoadClientChannelEntry(entry, ensureSecurity));
            } 
        } //  ConfigureChannels 

 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static IChannel CreateChannelFromConfigEntry(
            RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ChannelEntry entry)
        { 
            Type type = RemotingConfigInfo.LoadType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName);
 
            bool isServerChannel = typeof(IChannelReceiver).IsAssignableFrom(type); 
            bool isClientChannel = typeof(IChannelSender).IsAssignableFrom(type);
 
            IClientChannelSinkProvider clientProviderChain = null;
            IServerChannelSinkProvider serverProviderChain = null;

            if (entry.ClientSinkProviders.Count > 0) 
                clientProviderChain = CreateClientChannelSinkProviderChain(entry.ClientSinkProviders);
            if (entry.ServerSinkProviders.Count > 0) 
                serverProviderChain = CreateServerChannelSinkProviderChain(entry.ServerSinkProviders); 

            // construct argument list 
            Object[] args;

            if (isServerChannel && isClientChannel)
            { 
                args = new Object[3];
                args[0] = entry.Properties; 
                args[1] = clientProviderChain; 
                args[2] = serverProviderChain;
            } 
            else
            if (isServerChannel)
            {
                args = new Object[2]; 
                args[0] = entry.Properties;
                args[1] = serverProviderChain; 
            } 
            else
            if (isClientChannel) 
            {
                args = new Object[2];
                args[0] = entry.Properties;
                args[1] = clientProviderChain; 
            }
            else 
            { 
                throw new RemotingException(
                    String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_InvalidChannelType"),
                    type.FullName));
            }
 
            IChannel channel = null;
 
            try 
            {
                channel = (IChannel)Activator.CreateInstance(type, 
                                                        BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.CreateInstance,
                                                        null,
                                                        args,
                                                        null, 
                                                        null);
 
            } 
            catch (MissingMethodException)
            { 
                String ctor = null;

                if (isServerChannel && isClientChannel)
                    ctor = "MyChannel(IDictionary properties, IClientChannelSinkProvider clientSinkProvider, IServerChannelSinkProvider serverSinkProvider)"; 
                else
                if (isServerChannel) 
                    ctor = "MyChannel(IDictionary properties, IServerChannelSinkProvider serverSinkProvider)"; 
                else
                if (isClientChannel) 
                    ctor = "MyChannel(IDictionary properties, IClientChannelSinkProvider clientSinkProvider)";

                throw new RemotingException(
                    String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_ChannelMissingCtor"),
                    type.FullName, ctor)); 
            } 

            return channel; 
        } //  CreateChannelFromEntry


        // create a client sink provider chain 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        private static IClientChannelSinkProvider CreateClientChannelSinkProviderChain(ArrayList entries) 
        { 
            IClientChannelSinkProvider chain = null;
            IClientChannelSinkProvider current = null; 

            foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.SinkProviderEntry entry in entries)
            {
                if (chain == null) 
                {
                    chain = (IClientChannelSinkProvider)CreateChannelSinkProvider(entry, false); 
                    current = chain; 
                }
                else 
                {
                    current.Next = (IClientChannelSinkProvider)CreateChannelSinkProvider(entry, false);
                    current = current.Next;
                } 
            }
 
            return chain; 
        } // CreateClientChannelSinkProviderChain
 

        // create a client sink provider chain
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        private static IServerChannelSinkProvider CreateServerChannelSinkProviderChain(ArrayList entries) 
        {
            IServerChannelSinkProvider chain = null; 
            IServerChannelSinkProvider current = null; 

            foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.SinkProviderEntry entry in entries) 
            {
                if (chain == null)
                {
                    chain = (IServerChannelSinkProvider)CreateChannelSinkProvider(entry, true); 
                    current = chain;
                } 
                else 
                {
                    current.Next = (IServerChannelSinkProvider)CreateChannelSinkProvider(entry, true); 
                    current = current.Next;
                }
            }
 
            return chain;
        } // CreateServerChannelSinkProviderChain 
 

        // create a sink provider from the config file data 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        private static Object CreateChannelSinkProvider(RemotingXmlConfigFileData.SinkProviderEntry entry,
                                                        bool bServer)
        { 
            Object sinkProvider = null;
 
            Type type = RemotingConfigInfo.LoadType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName); 

            if (bServer) 
            {
                // make sure this is a client provider
                if (!typeof(IServerChannelSinkProvider).IsAssignableFrom(type))
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format( 
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_InvalidSinkProviderType"), 
                            type.FullName,
                            "IServerChannelSinkProvider")); 
                }
            }
            else
            { 
                // make sure this is a server provider
                if (!typeof(IClientChannelSinkProvider).IsAssignableFrom(type)) 
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format( 
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_InvalidSinkProviderType"),
                            type.FullName,
                            "IClientChannelSinkProvider"));
                } 
            }
 
            // check to see if something labelled as a formatter is a formatter 
            if (entry.IsFormatter)
            { 
                if ((bServer && !typeof(IServerFormatterSinkProvider).IsAssignableFrom(type)) ||
                    (!bServer && !typeof(IClientFormatterSinkProvider).IsAssignableFrom(type)))
                {
                    throw new RemotingException( 
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_SinkProviderNotFormatter"), 
                            type.FullName)); 
                }
            } 

            // setup the argument list and call the constructor
            Object[] args = new Object[2];
            args[0] = entry.Properties; 
            args[1] = entry.ProviderData;
 
            try 
            {
                sinkProvider = Activator.CreateInstance(type, 
                                                        BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.CreateInstance,
                                                        null,
                                                        args,
                                                        null, 
                                                        null);
            } 
            catch (MissingMethodException) 
            {
                throw new RemotingException( 
                    String.Format(
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_SinkProviderMissingCtor"),
                        type.FullName,
                        "MySinkProvider(IDictionary properties, ICollection providerData)")); 
            }
 
            return sinkProvider; 
        } // CreateChannelSinkProvider
 
        // This is used at the client end to check if an activation needs
        // to go remote.
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static ActivatedClientTypeEntry IsRemotelyActivatedClientType(RuntimeType svrType) 
        {
            RemotingTypeCachedData cache = (RemotingTypeCachedData) 
                InternalRemotingServices.GetReflectionCachedData(svrType); 

            String assemblyName = cache.SimpleAssemblyName; 
            ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry = Info.QueryRemoteActivate(svrType.FullName, assemblyName);

            if (entry == null)
            { 
                // If not found try with the full assembly name
                String fullAssemblyName = cache.AssemblyName; 
                entry = Info.QueryRemoteActivate(svrType.FullName, fullAssemblyName); 
                if (entry == null){
                    // If still not found try with partial type name (without namespace) 
                    entry = Info.QueryRemoteActivate(svrType.Name, assemblyName);
                }
            }
            return entry; 
        } // IsRemotelyActivatedClientType
 
 
        // This is used at the client end to check if an activation needs
        // to go remote. 
        internal static ActivatedClientTypeEntry IsRemotelyActivatedClientType(String typeName, String assemblyName)
        {
            return Info.QueryRemoteActivate(typeName, assemblyName);
        } 

 
        // This is used at the client end to check if a "new Foo" needs to 
        // happen via a Connect() under the covers.
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        internal static WellKnownClientTypeEntry IsWellKnownClientType(RuntimeType svrType)
        {
            RemotingTypeCachedData cache = (RemotingTypeCachedData)
                InternalRemotingServices.GetReflectionCachedData(svrType); 

            String assemblyName = cache.SimpleAssemblyName; 
            WellKnownClientTypeEntry wke = Info.QueryConnect(svrType.FullName, assemblyName); 
            if (wke == null)
            { 
                wke= Info.QueryConnect(svrType.Name, assemblyName);
            }
            return wke;
        } 

        // This is used at the client end to check if a "new Foo" needs to 
        // happen via a Connect() under the covers. 
        internal static WellKnownClientTypeEntry IsWellKnownClientType(String typeName,
                                                                       String assemblyName) 
        {
            return Info.QueryConnect(typeName, assemblyName);
        }
 
        //
        // helper functions for processing and parsing data 
        // 
        private static void ParseGenericType(String typeAssem, int indexStart, out String typeName, out String assemName)
        { 
            int len = typeAssem.Length;
            int depth = 1;

            int index = indexStart; 
            while(depth > 0 && (++index < len - 1))
            { 
                if (typeAssem[index] == '[') { 
                    depth++;
                } 
                else if (typeAssem[index] == ']') {
                    depth--;
                }
            } 

            if (depth > 0 || index >= len) { 
                typeName = null; 
                assemName = null;
            } 
            else {
                index = typeAssem.IndexOf(',', index);
                // comma must be present, and can't be last character
                if ((index >= 0) && (index < (len - 1))) 
                {
                    typeName = typeAssem.Substring(0, index).Trim(); 
                    assemName = typeAssem.Substring(index + 1).Trim(); 
                }
                else 
                {
                    typeName = null;
                    assemName = null;
                } 
            }
        } 
 
        internal static void ParseType(String typeAssem, out String typeName, out String assemName)
        { 
            String value = typeAssem;

            int genericTypeIndex = value.IndexOf("[");
            if ((genericTypeIndex >= 0) && (genericTypeIndex < (value.Length - 1))) 
            {
                ParseGenericType(value, genericTypeIndex, out typeName, out assemName); 
            } 
            else
            { 
                int index = value.IndexOf(",");

                // comma must be present, and can't be last character
                if ((index >= 0) && (index < (value.Length - 1))) 
                {
                    typeName = value.Substring(0, index).Trim(); 
                    assemName = value.Substring(index + 1).Trim(); 
                }
                else 
                {
                    typeName = null;
                    assemName = null;
                } 
            }
        } // ParseType 
        // This is used at the server end to check if a type being activated 
        // is explicitly allowed by the server.
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        internal static bool IsActivationAllowed(RuntimeType svrType)
        {
            if (svrType == null)
                return false; 

            RemotingTypeCachedData cache = (RemotingTypeCachedData) 
                InternalRemotingServices.GetReflectionCachedData(svrType); 

            String assemblyName = cache.SimpleAssemblyName; 

            return Info.ActivationAllowed(svrType.FullName, assemblyName);
        } // IsActivationAllowed
 
        // This is the flavor that we call from the activation listener
        // code path. This ensures that we don't load a type before checking 
        // that it is configured for remote activation 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static bool IsActivationAllowed(String TypeName) 
        {
            String svrTypeName = RemotingServices.InternalGetTypeNameFromQualifiedTypeName(TypeName);
            if (svrTypeName == null)
            { 
                return false;
            } 
            String typeName; 
            String asmName;
 
            ParseType(svrTypeName, out typeName, out asmName);
            if (asmName == null)
                return false;
 
            int index = asmName.IndexOf(',');
            if (index != -1) 
            { 
                // strip off the version info
                asmName = asmName.Substring(0,index); 
            }
            return Info.ActivationAllowed(typeName, asmName);
        }
 
        // helper for Configuration::RegisterActivatedServiceType
        internal static void RegisterActivatedServiceType(ActivatedServiceTypeEntry entry) 
        { 
            Info.AddActivatedType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName,
                                  entry.ContextAttributes); 
        } // RegisterActivatedServiceType


        // helper for Configuration::RegisterWellKnownServiceType 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static void RegisterWellKnownServiceType(WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry) 
        { 
            BCLDebug.Trace("REMOTE", "Adding well known service type for " + entry.ObjectUri);
            // < 
            String serverType = entry.TypeName;
            String asmName = entry.AssemblyName;
            String URI = entry.ObjectUri;
            WellKnownObjectMode mode = entry.Mode; 

            lock (Info) 
            { 
                // We make an entry in our config tables so as to keep
                // both the file-based and programmatic config in [....]. 
                Info.AddWellKnownEntry(entry);
            }
        } // RegisterWellKnownServiceType
 

        // helper for Configuration::RegisterActivatedClientType 
        internal static void RegisterActivatedClientType(ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry) 
        {
            Info.AddActivatedClientType(entry); 
        }

        // helper for Configuration::RegisterWellKnownClientType
        internal static void RegisterWellKnownClientType(WellKnownClientTypeEntry entry) 
        {
            Info.AddWellKnownClientType(entry); 
        } 

        //helper for Configuration::GetServerTypeForUri 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static Type GetServerTypeForUri(String URI)
        {
            URI = Identity.RemoveAppNameOrAppGuidIfNecessary(URI); 
            return Info.GetServerTypeForUri(URI);
        } 
 
        // helper for Configuration::GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes
        internal static ActivatedServiceTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes() 
        {
            return Info.GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes();
        } // GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes
 
        // helper for Configuration::GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes
        internal static WellKnownServiceTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes() 
        { 
            return Info.GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes();
        } // GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes 

        // helper for Configuration::GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes
        internal static ActivatedClientTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes()
        { 
            return Info.GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes();
        } // GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes 
 
        // helper for Configuration::GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes
        internal static WellKnownClientTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes() 
        {
            return Info.GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes();
        } // GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes
 

        // helper for creating well known objects on demand 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        internal static ServerIdentity CreateWellKnownObject(String uri)
        { 
            uri = Identity.RemoveAppNameOrAppGuidIfNecessary(uri);
            return Info.StartupWellKnownObject(uri);
        }
 

        internal class RemotingConfigInfo 
        { 
            Hashtable _exportableClasses; // list of objects that can be client-activated
                                          // (this should be a StringTable since we only use the key, 
                                          //  but that type was removed from the BCL :( )
            Hashtable _remoteTypeInfo;
            Hashtable _remoteAppInfo;
            Hashtable _wellKnownExportInfo; //well known exports indexed by object URI in lower-case 

            static char[] SepSpace = {' '}; 
            static char[] SepPound = {'#'}; 
            static char[] SepSemiColon = {';'};
            static char[] SepEquals = {'='}; 

            private static Object s_wkoStartLock = new Object();
            private static PermissionSet s_fullTrust = new PermissionSet(PermissionState.Unrestricted);
 
            internal RemotingConfigInfo()
            { 
                // < 
                _remoteTypeInfo = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable());
 
                _exportableClasses = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable());

                _remoteAppInfo = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable());
                _wellKnownExportInfo = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable()); 
            }
 
 
            // encodes type name and assembly name into one string for purposes of
            //   indexing in lists and hash tables 
            private String EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(String typeName, String assemblyName)
            {
                return typeName + ", " + assemblyName.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
            } 

 
            // 
            // XML Configuration Helper Functions
            // 

            internal void StoreActivatedExports(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData)
            {
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.TypeEntry entry in configData.ServerActivatedEntries) 
                {
                    ActivatedServiceTypeEntry aste = 
                        new ActivatedServiceTypeEntry(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName); 
                    aste.ContextAttributes =
                        CreateContextAttributesFromConfigEntries(entry.ContextAttributes); 

                    RemotingConfiguration.RegisterActivatedServiceType(aste);
                }
            } // StoreActivatedExports 

            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal void StoreInteropEntries(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData) 
            {
                // process interop xml element entries 
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.InteropXmlElementEntry entry in
                         configData.InteropXmlElementEntries)
                {
                    Assembly assembly = Assembly.Load(entry.UrtAssemblyName); 
                    Type type = assembly.GetType(entry.UrtTypeName);
                    SoapServices.RegisterInteropXmlElement(entry.XmlElementName, 
                                                           entry.XmlElementNamespace, 
                                                           type);
                } 

                // process interop xml type entries
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.InteropXmlTypeEntry entry in
                         configData.InteropXmlTypeEntries) 
                {
                    Assembly assembly = Assembly.Load(entry.UrtAssemblyName); 
                    Type type = assembly.GetType(entry.UrtTypeName); 
                    SoapServices.RegisterInteropXmlType(entry.XmlTypeName,
                                                        entry.XmlTypeNamespace, 
                                                        type);
                }

                // process preload entries 
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.PreLoadEntry entry in configData.PreLoadEntries)
                { 
                    Assembly assembly = Assembly.Load(entry.AssemblyName); 

                    if (entry.TypeName != null) 
                    {
                        Type type = assembly.GetType(entry.TypeName);
                        SoapServices.PreLoad(type);
                    } 
                    else
                    { 
                        SoapServices.PreLoad(assembly); 
                    }
                } 
            } // StoreInteropEntries

            internal void StoreRemoteAppEntries(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData)
            { 
                char[] slash = new char[]{'/'};
 
                // add each remote app to the table 
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.RemoteAppEntry remApp in configData.RemoteAppEntries)
                { 
                    // form complete application uri by combining specified uri with app-name
                    //  (make sure appUri ends with slash, and that app name doesn't start,
                    //   with one. then make sure that the combined form has no trailing slashes).
                    String appUri = remApp.AppUri; 
                    if ((appUri != null) && !appUri.EndsWith("/", StringComparison.Ordinal))
                        appUri = appUri.TrimEnd(slash); 
 
                    // add each client activated type for this remote app
                    foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.TypeEntry cae in remApp.ActivatedObjects) 
                    {
                        ActivatedClientTypeEntry acte =
                            new ActivatedClientTypeEntry(cae.TypeName, cae.AssemblyName,
                                                         appUri); 
                        acte.ContextAttributes =
                            CreateContextAttributesFromConfigEntries(cae.ContextAttributes); 
 
                        RemotingConfiguration.RegisterActivatedClientType(acte);
                    } 

                    // add each well known object for this remote app
                    foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ClientWellKnownEntry cwke in remApp.WellKnownObjects)
                    { 
                        WellKnownClientTypeEntry wke =
                            new WellKnownClientTypeEntry(cwke.TypeName, cwke.AssemblyName, 
                                                         cwke.Url); 
                        wke.ApplicationUrl = appUri;
 
                        RemotingConfiguration.RegisterWellKnownClientType(wke);
                    }
                }
            } // StoreRemoteAppEntries 

            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal void StoreWellKnownExports(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData) 
            {
                // < 

                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ServerWellKnownEntry entry in configData.ServerWellKnownEntries)
                {
                    WellKnownServiceTypeEntry wke = 
                        new WellKnownServiceTypeEntry(
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName, entry.ObjectURI, 
                            entry.ObjectMode); 
                    wke.ContextAttributes = null;
 
                    // Register the well known entry but do not startup the object
                    RemotingConfigHandler.RegisterWellKnownServiceType(wke);
                }
            } // StoreWellKnownExports 

 
            // helper functions for above configuration helpers 

            static IContextAttribute[] CreateContextAttributesFromConfigEntries(ArrayList contextAttributes) 
            {
                // create context attribute entry list
                int numAttrs = contextAttributes.Count;
                if (numAttrs == 0) 
                    return null;
 
                IContextAttribute[] attrs = new IContextAttribute[numAttrs]; 

                int co = 0; 
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ContextAttributeEntry cae in contextAttributes)
                {
                    Assembly asm = Assembly.Load(cae.AssemblyName);
 
                    IContextAttribute attr = null;
                    Hashtable properties = cae.Properties; 
                    if ((properties != null) && (properties.Count > 0)) 
                    {
                        Object[] args = new Object[1]; 
                        args[0] = properties;

                        // We explicitly allow the ability to create internal
                        // only attributes 
                        attr = (IContextAttribute)
                            Activator.CreateInstance( 
                                asm.GetType(cae.TypeName, false, false), 
                                BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.CreateInstance,
                                null, 
                                args,
                                null,
                                null);
                    } 
                    else
                    { 
                        attr = (IContextAttribute) 
                            Activator.CreateInstance(
                                asm.GetType(cae.TypeName, false, false), 
                                true);
                    }

                    attrs[co++] = attr; 
                }
 
                return attrs; 
            } // CreateContextAttributesFromConfigEntries
 
            //
            // end of XML configuration helper functions
            //
 
            internal bool ActivationAllowed(String typeName, String assemblyName)
            { 
                // the assembly name is stored in lower-case to let it be case-insensitive 
                return _exportableClasses.ContainsKey(EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(typeName, assemblyName));
            } 

            internal ActivatedClientTypeEntry QueryRemoteActivate(String typeName, String assemblyName)
            {
                String index = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(typeName, assemblyName); 

                ActivatedClientTypeEntry typeEntry = _remoteTypeInfo[index] as ActivatedClientTypeEntry; 
                if (typeEntry == null) 
                    return null;
 
                if (typeEntry.GetRemoteAppEntry() == null)
                {
                    RemoteAppEntry appEntry = (RemoteAppEntry)
                                            _remoteAppInfo[typeEntry.ApplicationUrl]; 
                    if (appEntry == null)
                    { 
                        throw new RemotingException( 
                         String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString( 
                                "Remoting_Activation_MissingRemoteAppEntry"),
                            typeEntry.ApplicationUrl));
                    }
                    typeEntry.CacheRemoteAppEntry(appEntry); 
                }
                return typeEntry; 
            } 

            internal WellKnownClientTypeEntry QueryConnect(String typeName, String assemblyName) 
            {
                String index = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(typeName, assemblyName);

                WellKnownClientTypeEntry typeEntry = _remoteTypeInfo[index] as WellKnownClientTypeEntry; 
                if (typeEntry == null)
                    return null; 
 
                return typeEntry;
            } 

            //
            // helper functions to retrieve registered types
            // 

 
            internal ActivatedServiceTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes() 
            {
                ActivatedServiceTypeEntry[] entries = 
                    new ActivatedServiceTypeEntry[_exportableClasses.Count];

                int co = 0;
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _exportableClasses) 
                {
                    entries[co++] = (ActivatedServiceTypeEntry)dictEntry.Value; 
                } 

                return entries; 
            } // GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes


            internal WellKnownServiceTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes() 
            {
                WellKnownServiceTypeEntry[] entries = 
                    new WellKnownServiceTypeEntry[_wellKnownExportInfo.Count]; 

                int co = 0; 
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _wellKnownExportInfo)
                {
                    WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry = (WellKnownServiceTypeEntry)dictEntry.Value;
 
                    WellKnownServiceTypeEntry wkste =
                        new WellKnownServiceTypeEntry( 
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName, 
                            entry.ObjectUri, entry.Mode);
 
                    wkste.ContextAttributes = entry.ContextAttributes;

                    entries[co++] = wkste;
                } 

                return entries; 
            } // GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes 

 
            internal ActivatedClientTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes()
            {
                // count number of well known client types
                int count = 0; 
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _remoteTypeInfo)
                { 
                    ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry = dictEntry.Value as ActivatedClientTypeEntry; 
                    if (entry != null)
                        count++; 
                }

                ActivatedClientTypeEntry[] entries =
                    new ActivatedClientTypeEntry[count]; 

                int co = 0; 
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _remoteTypeInfo) 
                {
                    ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry = dictEntry.Value as ActivatedClientTypeEntry; 

                    if (entry != null)
                    {
                        // retrieve application url 
                        String appUrl = null;
                        RemoteAppEntry remApp = entry.GetRemoteAppEntry(); 
                        if (remApp != null) 
                            appUrl = remApp.GetAppURI();
 
                        ActivatedClientTypeEntry wkcte =
                            new ActivatedClientTypeEntry(entry.TypeName,
                                entry.AssemblyName, appUrl);
 
                        // Fetch the context attributes
                        wkcte.ContextAttributes = entry.ContextAttributes; 
 
                        entries[co++] = wkcte;
                    } 

                }

                return entries; 
            } // GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes
 
 
            internal WellKnownClientTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes()
            { 
                // count number of well known client types
                int count = 0;
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _remoteTypeInfo)
                { 
                    WellKnownClientTypeEntry entry = dictEntry.Value as WellKnownClientTypeEntry;
                    if (entry != null) 
                        count++; 
                }
 
                WellKnownClientTypeEntry[] entries =
                    new WellKnownClientTypeEntry[count];

                int co = 0; 
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _remoteTypeInfo)
                { 
                    WellKnownClientTypeEntry entry = dictEntry.Value as WellKnownClientTypeEntry; 

                    if (entry != null) 
                    {
                        WellKnownClientTypeEntry wkcte =
                            new WellKnownClientTypeEntry(entry.TypeName,
                                entry.AssemblyName, entry.ObjectUrl); 

                        // see if there is an associated app 
                        RemoteAppEntry remApp = entry.GetRemoteAppEntry(); 
                        if (remApp != null)
                            wkcte.ApplicationUrl = remApp.GetAppURI(); 

                        entries[co++] = wkcte;
                    }
 
                }
 
                return entries; 
            } // GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes
 

            //
            // end of helper functions to retrieve registered types
            // 

            internal void AddActivatedType(String typeName, String assemblyName, 
                                           IContextAttribute[] contextAttributes) 
            {
                if (typeName == null) 
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("typeName");
                if (assemblyName == null)
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("assemblyName");
                Contract.EndContractBlock(); 

                if (CheckForRedirectedClientType(typeName, assemblyName)) 
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format( 
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                                "Remoting_Config_CantUseRedirectedTypeForWellKnownService"),
                            typeName, assemblyName));
                } 

                ActivatedServiceTypeEntry aste = 
                    new ActivatedServiceTypeEntry(typeName, assemblyName); 
                aste.ContextAttributes = contextAttributes;
 
                //   The assembly name is stored in lowercase to let it be case-insensitive.
                String key = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(typeName, assemblyName);
                _exportableClasses.Add(key, aste);
            } // AddActivatedType 

 
            // determines if either a wellknown or activated service type entry 
            //   is associated with the given type name and assembly name
            private bool CheckForServiceEntryWithType(String typeName, String asmName) 
            {
                return
                    CheckForWellKnownServiceEntryWithType(typeName, asmName) ||
                    ActivationAllowed(typeName, asmName); 
            } // CheckForServiceEntryWithType
 
            private bool CheckForWellKnownServiceEntryWithType(String typeName, String asmName) 
            {
                foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in _wellKnownExportInfo) 
                {
                    WellKnownServiceTypeEntry svc =
                        (WellKnownServiceTypeEntry)entry.Value;
                    if (typeName == svc.TypeName) 
                    {
                        bool match = false; 
 
                        // need to ignore version while checking
                        if (asmName == svc.AssemblyName) 
                            match = true;
                        else
                        {
                            // only well known service entry can have version info 
                            if (String.Compare(svc.AssemblyName, 0, asmName, 0, asmName.Length, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) == 0)
                            { 
                                // if asmName != svc.AssemblyName and svc.AssemblyName 
                                //   starts with asmName we know that svc.AssemblyName is
                                //   longer. If the next character is a comma, then the 
                                //   assembly names match except for version numbers
                                //   which is ok.
                                if (svc.AssemblyName[asmName.Length] == ',')
                                    match = true; 
                            }
                        } 
 
                        // We were trying to redirect
                        if (match) 
                            return true;
                    }
                }
 
                return false;
            } // CheckForWellKnownServiceEntryOfType 
 

            // returns true if activation for the type has been redirected. 
            private bool CheckForRedirectedClientType(String typeName, String asmName)
            {
                // if asmName has version information, remove it.
                int index = asmName.IndexOf(","); 
                if (index != -1)
                    asmName = asmName.Substring(0, index); 
 
                return
                    (QueryRemoteActivate(typeName, asmName) != null) || 
                    (QueryConnect(typeName, asmName) != null);
            } // CheckForRedirectedClientType

 
            internal void AddActivatedClientType(ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry)
            { 
                if (CheckForRedirectedClientType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException( 
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                                "Remoting_Config_TypeAlreadyRedirected"),
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                }
 
                if (CheckForServiceEntryWithType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                   throw new RemotingException( 
                       String.Format(
                           CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                               "Remoting_Config_CantRedirectActivationOfWellKnownService"),
                           entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                }
 
                String appUrl = entry.ApplicationUrl; 
                RemoteAppEntry appEntry = (RemoteAppEntry)_remoteAppInfo[appUrl];
                if (appEntry == null) 
                {
                    appEntry = new RemoteAppEntry(appUrl, appUrl);
                    _remoteAppInfo.Add(appUrl, appEntry);
                } 

                if (appEntry != null) 
                { 
                    entry.CacheRemoteAppEntry(appEntry);
                } 

                String index = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName);
                _remoteTypeInfo.Add(index, entry);
            } // AddActivatedClientType 

 
            internal void AddWellKnownClientType(WellKnownClientTypeEntry entry) 
            {
                if (CheckForRedirectedClientType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString( 
                                "Remoting_Config_TypeAlreadyRedirected"),
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                } 

                if (CheckForServiceEntryWithType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString( 
                                "Remoting_Config_CantRedirectActivationOfWellKnownService"),
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                } 

 
                String appUrl = entry.ApplicationUrl;

                RemoteAppEntry appEntry = null;
                if (appUrl != null) 
                {
                    appEntry = (RemoteAppEntry)_remoteAppInfo[appUrl]; 
                    if (appEntry == null) 
                    {
                        appEntry = new RemoteAppEntry(appUrl, appUrl); 
                        _remoteAppInfo.Add(appUrl, appEntry);
                    }
                }
 
                if (appEntry != null)
                    entry.CacheRemoteAppEntry(appEntry); 
 
                String index = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName);
                _remoteTypeInfo.Add(index, entry); 
            } // AddWellKnownClientType


 
            // This is to add programmatically registered well known objects
            // so that we keep all this data in one place 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal void AddWellKnownEntry(WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry)
            { 
                AddWellKnownEntry(entry, true);
            }

            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal void AddWellKnownEntry(WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry, bool fReplace)
            { 
                if (CheckForRedirectedClientType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException( 
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                                "Remoting_Config_CantUseRedirectedTypeForWellKnownService"),
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                }
 
                String key = entry.ObjectUri.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 

                if (fReplace) 
                {
                    // Registering a well known object twice replaces the old one, so
                    //   we null out the old entry in the identity table after adding
                    //   this one. The identity will be recreated the next time someone 
                    //   asks for this object.
                    _wellKnownExportInfo[key] = entry; 
 
                    IdentityHolder.RemoveIdentity(entry.ObjectUri);
                } 
                else
                {
                    _wellKnownExportInfo.Add(key, entry);
                } 

            } 
 
            //This API exposes a way to get server type information wiihout booting the object
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal Type GetServerTypeForUri(String URI)
            {
                Contract.Assert(null != URI, "null != URI");
 
                Type serverType = null;
                String uriLower = URI.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 
 
                WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry =
                        (WellKnownServiceTypeEntry)_wellKnownExportInfo[uriLower]; 

                if(entry != null)
                {
                    serverType = LoadType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName); 
                }
 
                return serverType; 
            }
 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            internal ServerIdentity StartupWellKnownObject(String URI)
            {
                Contract.Assert(null != URI, "null != URI"); 

                String uriLower = URI.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 
                ServerIdentity ident = null; 

                WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry = 
                    (WellKnownServiceTypeEntry)_wellKnownExportInfo[uriLower];
                if (entry != null)
                {
                    ident = StartupWellKnownObject( 
                        entry.AssemblyName,
                        entry.TypeName, 
                        entry.ObjectUri, 
                        entry.Mode);
 
                }

                return ident;
            } 

            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal ServerIdentity StartupWellKnownObject( 
                String asmName, String svrTypeName, String URI,
                WellKnownObjectMode mode) 
            {
                return StartupWellKnownObject(asmName, svrTypeName, URI, mode, false);
            }
 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            internal ServerIdentity StartupWellKnownObject( 
                String asmName, String svrTypeName, String URI, 
                WellKnownObjectMode mode,
                bool fReplace) 
            {
                lock (s_wkoStartLock)
                {
                    MarshalByRefObject obj = null; 
                    ServerIdentity srvID = null;
 
                    // attempt to load the type 
                    Type serverType = LoadType(svrTypeName, asmName);
 
                    // make sure the well known object derives from MarshalByRefObject
                    if(!serverType.IsMarshalByRef)
                    {
                        throw new RemotingException( 
                            Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_WellKnown_MustBeMBR",
                            svrTypeName)); 
                    } 

                    // make sure that no one beat us to creating 
                    // the well known object
                    srvID = (ServerIdentity)IdentityHolder.ResolveIdentity(URI);
                    if ((srvID != null) && srvID.IsRemoteDisconnected())
                    { 
                        IdentityHolder.RemoveIdentity(URI);
                        srvID = null; 
                    } 

                    if (srvID == null) 
                    {
                        //WellKnown type instances need to be created under full trust
                        //since the permission set might have been restricted by the channel
                        //pipeline. 
                        //This assert is protected by Infrastructure link demands.
                        s_fullTrust.Assert(); 
                        try { 
                            obj = (MarshalByRefObject)Activator.CreateInstance(serverType, true);
 
                            if (RemotingServices.IsClientProxy(obj))
                            {
                                // The wellknown type is remoted so we must wrap the proxy
                                // with a local object. 

                                // The redirection proxy masquerades as an object of the appropriate 
                                // type, and forwards incoming messages to the actual proxy. 
                                RedirectionProxy redirectedProxy = new RedirectionProxy(obj, serverType);
                                redirectedProxy.ObjectMode = mode; 
                                RemotingServices.MarshalInternal(redirectedProxy, URI, serverType);

                                srvID = (ServerIdentity)IdentityHolder.ResolveIdentity(URI);
                                Contract.Assert(null != srvID, "null != srvID"); 

                                // The redirection proxy handles SingleCall versus Singleton, 
                                // so we always set its mode to Singleton. 
                                srvID.SetSingletonObjectMode();
                            } 
                            else
                            if (serverType.IsCOMObject && (mode == WellKnownObjectMode.Singleton))
                            {
                                // Singleton COM objects are wrapped, so that they will be 
                                //   recreated when an RPC server not available is thrown
                                //   if dllhost.exe is killed. 
                                ComRedirectionProxy comRedirectedProxy = new ComRedirectionProxy(obj, serverType); 
                                RemotingServices.MarshalInternal(comRedirectedProxy, URI, serverType);
 
                                srvID = (ServerIdentity)IdentityHolder.ResolveIdentity(URI);
                                Contract.Assert(null != srvID, "null != srvID");

                                // Only singleton COM objects are redirected this way. 
                                srvID.SetSingletonObjectMode();
                            } 
                            else 
                            {
                                // make sure the object didn't Marshal itself. 
                                String tempUri = RemotingServices.GetObjectUri(obj);
                                if (tempUri != null)
                                {
                                    throw new RemotingException( 
                                        String.Format(
                                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString( 
                                                "Remoting_WellKnown_CtorCantMarshal"), 
                                            URI));
                                } 

                                RemotingServices.MarshalInternal(obj, URI, serverType);

                                srvID = (ServerIdentity)IdentityHolder.ResolveIdentity(URI); 
                                Contract.Assert(null != srvID, "null != srvID");
 
                                if (mode == WellKnownObjectMode.SingleCall) 
                                {
                                    // We need to set a special flag in the serverId 
                                    // so that every dispatch to this type creates
                                    // a new instance of the server object
                                    srvID.SetSingleCallObjectMode();
                                } 
                                else
                                { 
                                    srvID.SetSingletonObjectMode(); 
                                }
                            } 
                        }
                        catch
                        {
                            throw; 
                        }
                        finally { 
                            SecurityPermission.RevertAssert(); 
                        }
                    } 

                    Contract.Assert(null != srvID, "null != srvID");
                    return srvID;
                } 
            } // StartupWellKnownObject
 
 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            internal static Type LoadType(String typeName, String assemblyName) 
            {
                Assembly asm = null;
                // All the LoadType callers have been protected by
                // Infrastructure LinkDemand, it is safe to assert 
                // this permission.
                // Assembly.Load demands FileIO when the target 
                // assembly is the same as the executable running. 
                new FileIOPermission(PermissionState.Unrestricted).Assert();
                try { 
                    asm = Assembly.Load(assemblyName);
                }
                finally {
                    CodeAccessPermission.RevertAssert(); 
                }
 
                if (asm == null) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException( 
                        Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_AssemblyLoadFailed",
                        assemblyName));
                }
 
                Type type = asm.GetType(typeName, false, false);
                if (type == null) 
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_BadType", 
                        typeName + ", " + assemblyName));
                }

                return type; 
            } // LoadType
 
 

        }// class RemotingConfigInfo 
    } // class RemotingConfigHandler


 
    internal class DelayLoadClientChannelEntry
    { 
        private RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ChannelEntry _entry; 
        private IChannelSender _channel;
        private bool _bRegistered; 
        private bool _ensureSecurity;

        internal DelayLoadClientChannelEntry(RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ChannelEntry entry, bool ensureSecurity)
        { 
            _entry = entry;
            _channel = null; 
            _bRegistered = false; 
            _ensureSecurity = ensureSecurity;
        } 

        internal IChannelSender Channel
        {
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            get
            { 
                // If this method returns null, that means the channel has already been registered. 

                // NOTE: Access to delay load client entries is synchronized at a higher level. 
                if (_channel == null)
                {
                    if (!_bRegistered)
                    { 
                        _channel = (IChannelSender)RemotingConfigHandler.CreateChannelFromConfigEntry(_entry);
                        _entry = null; 
                    } 
                }
 
                return _channel;
            } // get
        } // Channel
 
        internal void RegisterChannel()
        { 
            Contract.Assert(_channel != null, "channel shouldn't be null"); 

            // NOTE: Access to delay load client entries is synchronized at a higher level. 
            ChannelServices.RegisterChannel(_channel, _ensureSecurity);
            _bRegistered = true;
            _channel = null;
        } // RegisterChannel 

    } // class DelayLoadChannelEntry 
 

 
} // namespace


// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 
/*============================================================
** 
** File:    Configuration.cs 
**
** 
** Purpose: Classes used for reading and storing configuration
**
**
===========================================================*/ 
namespace System.Runtime.Remoting {
 
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Activation; 
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels;
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Contexts; 
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Lifetime;
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging;
    using System.Runtime.Remoting.Metadata;
    using System.Runtime.InteropServices; 
    using System.Runtime.Serialization;
    using System.Threading; 
    using System.IO; 
    using System.Security;
    using System.Security.Permissions; 
    using System.Collections;
    using System.Reflection;
    using System.Globalization;
    using System.Runtime.Versioning; 
    using System.Diagnostics.Contracts;
 
    [Serializable] 
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
    public enum WellKnownObjectMode 
    {
        Singleton   = 1,
        SingleCall  = 2
    } 

    // This is the class that plays the role of per-appDomain statics 
    // till we have the real functionality. 
    internal class DomainSpecificRemotingData
    { 
        const int  ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING  = 0x00000001;
        const int  ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED   = 0x00000002;
        const int  ACTIVATOR_LISTENING      = 0x00000004;
 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical /*auto-generated*/]
        LocalActivator _LocalActivator; 
        ActivationListener _ActivationListener; 
        IContextProperty[]  _appDomainProperties;
        int _flags; 
        Object _ConfigLock;
        ChannelServicesData _ChannelServicesData;
                LeaseManager _LeaseManager;
        ReaderWriterLock _IDTableLock; 

        internal DomainSpecificRemotingData() 
        { 
            _flags = 0;
            _ConfigLock = new Object(); 
            _ChannelServicesData = new ChannelServicesData();
            _IDTableLock = new ReaderWriterLock();

            // Add the Lifetime service property to the appdomain. 
            // For now we are assuming that this is the only property
            // If there are more properties, then an existing array 
                        // will need to be expanded to add this property 
                        // The property needs to be added here so that the default context
                        // for an appdomain has lifetime services activated 

            _appDomainProperties = new IContextProperty[1];
            _appDomainProperties[0] = new System.Runtime.Remoting.Lifetime.LeaseLifeTimeServiceProperty();
        } 

        internal LeaseManager LeaseManager 
        { 
            get
            { 
                return _LeaseManager;
            }
            set
            { 
                _LeaseManager = value;
            } 
        } 

 
        // This lock object is exposed for various objects that need to synchronize
        // there configuration behavior.
        internal Object ConfigLock
        { 
            get { return _ConfigLock; }
        } 
 
        // This is the rwlock used by the uri table functions
        internal ReaderWriterLock IDTableLock 
        {
            get { return _IDTableLock; }
        }
 

        internal LocalActivator LocalActivator 
        { 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            get{return _LocalActivator;} 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            set{_LocalActivator=value;}
        }
 
        internal ActivationListener ActivationListener
        { 
            get {return _ActivationListener;} 
            set {_ActivationListener=value;}
        } 

        // access to InitializingActivation, ActivationInitialized
        // and ActivatorListening should be guarded by ConfigLock
        // by the caller. 
        internal bool InitializingActivation
        { 
            get {return (_flags & ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING) == ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING;} 
            set
            { 
                if (value == true)
                {
                    _flags = _flags | ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING;
                } 
                else
                { 
                    _flags = _flags & ~ACTIVATION_INITIALIZING; 
                }
            } 
        }

        internal bool ActivationInitialized
        { 
            get {return (_flags & ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED) == ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED;}
            set 
            { 
                if (value == true)
                { 
                    _flags = _flags | ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED;
                }
                else
                { 
                    _flags = _flags & ~ACTIVATION_INITIALIZED;
                } 
            } 

        } 

        internal bool ActivatorListening
        {
            get {return (_flags & ACTIVATOR_LISTENING) == ACTIVATOR_LISTENING;} 
            set
            { 
                if (value == true) 
                {
                    _flags = _flags | ACTIVATOR_LISTENING; 
                }
                else
                {
                    _flags = _flags & ~ACTIVATOR_LISTENING; 
                }
            } 
 
        }
 

        internal IContextProperty[] AppDomainContextProperties
        {
            get { return _appDomainProperties; } 
        }
 
        internal ChannelServicesData ChannelServicesData 
        {
            get 
            {
                return _ChannelServicesData;
            }
        } 
    } // class DomainSpecificRemotingData
 
 

 
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------
    //--------------------- Remoting Configuration ---------------------
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------
    internal static class RemotingConfigHandler 
    {
        static String _applicationName; 
        static CustomErrorsModes _errorMode = CustomErrorsModes.RemoteOnly; 
        static bool _errorsModeSet = false;
        static bool _bMachineConfigLoaded = false; 
        static bool _bUrlObjRefMode = false;

        static Queue _delayLoadChannelConfigQueue = new Queue(); // queue of channels we might be able to use
 

        // All functions of RemotingConfigHandler operate upon the config 
        // data stored on a per appDomain basis 
        public static RemotingConfigInfo Info = new RemotingConfigInfo();
 
        private const String _machineConfigFilename = "machine.config";


        internal static String ApplicationName 
        {
            get 
            { 
                if (_applicationName == null)
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        Environment.GetResourceString(
                            "Remoting_Config_NoAppName"));
                } 
                return _applicationName;
            } 
 
            set
            { 
                if (_applicationName != null)
                {
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_AppNameSet"),
                         _applicationName)); 
                } 

                _applicationName = value; 

                // get rid of any starting or trailing slashes
                char[] slash = new char[]{'/'};
                if (_applicationName.StartsWith("/", StringComparison.Ordinal)) 
                    _applicationName = _applicationName.TrimStart(slash);
                if (_applicationName.EndsWith("/", StringComparison.Ordinal)) 
                    _applicationName = _applicationName.TrimEnd(slash); 
            }
        } 

        internal static bool HasApplicationNameBeenSet()
        {
            return _applicationName != null; 
        }
 
        internal static bool UrlObjRefMode 
        {
            get { return _bUrlObjRefMode; } 
        }

        internal static CustomErrorsModes  CustomErrorsMode
        { 
           get {
                return _errorMode; 
           } 
           set
           { 
                if (_errorsModeSet)
                    throw new RemotingException(Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_ErrorsModeSet"));

                _errorsModeSet = true; 
                _errorMode = value;
           } 
 
        }
 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static IMessageSink FindDelayLoadChannelForCreateMessageSink(
            String url, Object data, out String objectURI)
        { 
            LoadMachineConfigIfNecessary();
 
            objectURI = null; 
            IMessageSink msgSink = null;
 
            foreach (DelayLoadClientChannelEntry entry in _delayLoadChannelConfigQueue)
            {
                IChannelSender channel = entry.Channel;
 
                // if the channel is null, that means it has already been registered.
                if (channel != null) 
                { 
                    msgSink = channel.CreateMessageSink(url, data, out objectURI);
                    if (msgSink != null) 
                    {
                        entry.RegisterChannel();
                        return msgSink;
                    } 
                }
            } 
 
            return null;
        } // FindChannelForCreateMessageSink 



        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        [ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.None)]
        [ResourceConsumption(ResourceScope.Machine, ResourceScope.Machine)] 
        static void LoadMachineConfigIfNecessary() 
        {
            // Load the machine.config file if we haven't already 
            if (!_bMachineConfigLoaded)
            {
                lock (Info)
                { 
                    if (!_bMachineConfigLoaded)
                    { 
                        RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData = RemotingXmlConfigFileParser.ParseDefaultConfiguration(); 
                        if (configData != null)
                            ConfigureRemoting(configData, false/*ensureSecurity*/); 

                        String machineDirectory = System.Security.Util.Config.MachineDirectory;
                        String longFileName = machineDirectory
                                            + _machineConfigFilename; 
                        new FileIOPermission(FileIOPermissionAccess.Read, longFileName).Assert();
 
                        configData = LoadConfigurationFromXmlFile(longFileName); 

                        if (configData != null) 
                            ConfigureRemoting(configData, false/*ensureSecurity*/);

                        _bMachineConfigLoaded = true;
                    } 
                }
            } 
        } // LoadMachineConfigIfNecessary 

 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        [ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.Machine)]
        [ResourceConsumption(ResourceScope.Machine)]
        internal static void DoConfiguration(String filename, bool ensureSecurity) 
        {
            LoadMachineConfigIfNecessary(); 
 
            // load specified config file
            RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData = LoadConfigurationFromXmlFile(filename); 

            // Configure remoting based on data loaded from the config file.
            // By design, we do nothing if no remoting config information was
            // present in the file. 
            if (configData != null)
                ConfigureRemoting(configData, ensureSecurity); 
        } 

        [ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.Machine)] 
        [ResourceConsumption(ResourceScope.Machine)]
        private static RemotingXmlConfigFileData LoadConfigurationFromXmlFile(String filename)
        {
            try 
            {
                if (filename != null) 
                    return RemotingXmlConfigFileParser.ParseConfigFile(filename); 
                else
                    return null; 
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Exception inner =  e.InnerException as FileNotFoundException; 
                if (inner != null)
                { 
                    // if the file is missing, this gives a clearer message 
                    e = inner;
                } 
                throw new RemotingException(
                    String.Format(
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                            "Remoting_Config_ReadFailure"), 
                        filename,
                        e)); 
            } 
        } // LoadConfigurationFromXmlFile
 

        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        private static void ConfigureRemoting(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData, bool ensureSecurity)
        { 
            try
            { 
                String appName = configData.ApplicationName; 
                if (appName != null)
                    ApplicationName = appName; 

                if (configData.CustomErrors != null)
                    _errorMode = configData.CustomErrors.Mode;
 
                // configure channels
                ConfigureChannels(configData, ensureSecurity); 
 
                // configure lifetime
                if (configData.Lifetime != null) 
                {
                    if (configData.Lifetime.IsLeaseTimeSet)
                        LifetimeServices.LeaseTime = configData.Lifetime.LeaseTime;
                    if (configData.Lifetime.IsRenewOnCallTimeSet) 
                        LifetimeServices.RenewOnCallTime = configData.Lifetime.RenewOnCallTime;
                    if (configData.Lifetime.IsSponsorshipTimeoutSet) 
                        LifetimeServices.SponsorshipTimeout = configData.Lifetime.SponsorshipTimeout; 
                    if (configData.Lifetime.IsLeaseManagerPollTimeSet)
                        LifetimeServices.LeaseManagerPollTime = configData.Lifetime.LeaseManagerPollTime; 
                }

                _bUrlObjRefMode = configData.UrlObjRefMode;
 
                // configure other entries
                Info.StoreRemoteAppEntries(configData); 
                Info.StoreActivatedExports(configData); 
                Info.StoreInteropEntries(configData);
                Info.StoreWellKnownExports(configData); 

                // start up activation listener if there are any activated objects exposed
                if (configData.ServerActivatedEntries.Count > 0)
                    ActivationServices.StartListeningForRemoteRequests(); 
            }
            catch (Exception e) 
            { 
                throw new RemotingException(
                    String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                            "Remoting_Config_ConfigurationFailure"),
                        e));
            } 
        } // ConfigureRemoting
 
 
        // configures channels loaded from remoting config file.
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        private static void ConfigureChannels(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData, bool ensureSecurity)
        {
            // Register our x-context & x-AD channels first
            RemotingServices.RegisterWellKnownChannels(); 

            foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ChannelEntry entry in configData.ChannelEntries) 
            { 
                if (!entry.DelayLoad)
                { 
                    IChannel chnl = CreateChannelFromConfigEntry(entry);
                    ChannelServices.RegisterChannel(chnl, ensureSecurity);
                }
                else 
                    _delayLoadChannelConfigQueue.Enqueue(new DelayLoadClientChannelEntry(entry, ensureSecurity));
            } 
        } //  ConfigureChannels 

 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static IChannel CreateChannelFromConfigEntry(
            RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ChannelEntry entry)
        { 
            Type type = RemotingConfigInfo.LoadType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName);
 
            bool isServerChannel = typeof(IChannelReceiver).IsAssignableFrom(type); 
            bool isClientChannel = typeof(IChannelSender).IsAssignableFrom(type);
 
            IClientChannelSinkProvider clientProviderChain = null;
            IServerChannelSinkProvider serverProviderChain = null;

            if (entry.ClientSinkProviders.Count > 0) 
                clientProviderChain = CreateClientChannelSinkProviderChain(entry.ClientSinkProviders);
            if (entry.ServerSinkProviders.Count > 0) 
                serverProviderChain = CreateServerChannelSinkProviderChain(entry.ServerSinkProviders); 

            // construct argument list 
            Object[] args;

            if (isServerChannel && isClientChannel)
            { 
                args = new Object[3];
                args[0] = entry.Properties; 
                args[1] = clientProviderChain; 
                args[2] = serverProviderChain;
            } 
            else
            if (isServerChannel)
            {
                args = new Object[2]; 
                args[0] = entry.Properties;
                args[1] = serverProviderChain; 
            } 
            else
            if (isClientChannel) 
            {
                args = new Object[2];
                args[0] = entry.Properties;
                args[1] = clientProviderChain; 
            }
            else 
            { 
                throw new RemotingException(
                    String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_InvalidChannelType"),
                    type.FullName));
            }
 
            IChannel channel = null;
 
            try 
            {
                channel = (IChannel)Activator.CreateInstance(type, 
                                                        BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.CreateInstance,
                                                        null,
                                                        args,
                                                        null, 
                                                        null);
 
            } 
            catch (MissingMethodException)
            { 
                String ctor = null;

                if (isServerChannel && isClientChannel)
                    ctor = "MyChannel(IDictionary properties, IClientChannelSinkProvider clientSinkProvider, IServerChannelSinkProvider serverSinkProvider)"; 
                else
                if (isServerChannel) 
                    ctor = "MyChannel(IDictionary properties, IServerChannelSinkProvider serverSinkProvider)"; 
                else
                if (isClientChannel) 
                    ctor = "MyChannel(IDictionary properties, IClientChannelSinkProvider clientSinkProvider)";

                throw new RemotingException(
                    String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_ChannelMissingCtor"),
                    type.FullName, ctor)); 
            } 

            return channel; 
        } //  CreateChannelFromEntry


        // create a client sink provider chain 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        private static IClientChannelSinkProvider CreateClientChannelSinkProviderChain(ArrayList entries) 
        { 
            IClientChannelSinkProvider chain = null;
            IClientChannelSinkProvider current = null; 

            foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.SinkProviderEntry entry in entries)
            {
                if (chain == null) 
                {
                    chain = (IClientChannelSinkProvider)CreateChannelSinkProvider(entry, false); 
                    current = chain; 
                }
                else 
                {
                    current.Next = (IClientChannelSinkProvider)CreateChannelSinkProvider(entry, false);
                    current = current.Next;
                } 
            }
 
            return chain; 
        } // CreateClientChannelSinkProviderChain
 

        // create a client sink provider chain
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        private static IServerChannelSinkProvider CreateServerChannelSinkProviderChain(ArrayList entries) 
        {
            IServerChannelSinkProvider chain = null; 
            IServerChannelSinkProvider current = null; 

            foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.SinkProviderEntry entry in entries) 
            {
                if (chain == null)
                {
                    chain = (IServerChannelSinkProvider)CreateChannelSinkProvider(entry, true); 
                    current = chain;
                } 
                else 
                {
                    current.Next = (IServerChannelSinkProvider)CreateChannelSinkProvider(entry, true); 
                    current = current.Next;
                }
            }
 
            return chain;
        } // CreateServerChannelSinkProviderChain 
 

        // create a sink provider from the config file data 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        private static Object CreateChannelSinkProvider(RemotingXmlConfigFileData.SinkProviderEntry entry,
                                                        bool bServer)
        { 
            Object sinkProvider = null;
 
            Type type = RemotingConfigInfo.LoadType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName); 

            if (bServer) 
            {
                // make sure this is a client provider
                if (!typeof(IServerChannelSinkProvider).IsAssignableFrom(type))
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format( 
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_InvalidSinkProviderType"), 
                            type.FullName,
                            "IServerChannelSinkProvider")); 
                }
            }
            else
            { 
                // make sure this is a server provider
                if (!typeof(IClientChannelSinkProvider).IsAssignableFrom(type)) 
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format( 
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_InvalidSinkProviderType"),
                            type.FullName,
                            "IClientChannelSinkProvider"));
                } 
            }
 
            // check to see if something labelled as a formatter is a formatter 
            if (entry.IsFormatter)
            { 
                if ((bServer && !typeof(IServerFormatterSinkProvider).IsAssignableFrom(type)) ||
                    (!bServer && !typeof(IClientFormatterSinkProvider).IsAssignableFrom(type)))
                {
                    throw new RemotingException( 
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_SinkProviderNotFormatter"), 
                            type.FullName)); 
                }
            } 

            // setup the argument list and call the constructor
            Object[] args = new Object[2];
            args[0] = entry.Properties; 
            args[1] = entry.ProviderData;
 
            try 
            {
                sinkProvider = Activator.CreateInstance(type, 
                                                        BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.CreateInstance,
                                                        null,
                                                        args,
                                                        null, 
                                                        null);
            } 
            catch (MissingMethodException) 
            {
                throw new RemotingException( 
                    String.Format(
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_Config_SinkProviderMissingCtor"),
                        type.FullName,
                        "MySinkProvider(IDictionary properties, ICollection providerData)")); 
            }
 
            return sinkProvider; 
        } // CreateChannelSinkProvider
 
        // This is used at the client end to check if an activation needs
        // to go remote.
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static ActivatedClientTypeEntry IsRemotelyActivatedClientType(RuntimeType svrType) 
        {
            RemotingTypeCachedData cache = (RemotingTypeCachedData) 
                InternalRemotingServices.GetReflectionCachedData(svrType); 

            String assemblyName = cache.SimpleAssemblyName; 
            ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry = Info.QueryRemoteActivate(svrType.FullName, assemblyName);

            if (entry == null)
            { 
                // If not found try with the full assembly name
                String fullAssemblyName = cache.AssemblyName; 
                entry = Info.QueryRemoteActivate(svrType.FullName, fullAssemblyName); 
                if (entry == null){
                    // If still not found try with partial type name (without namespace) 
                    entry = Info.QueryRemoteActivate(svrType.Name, assemblyName);
                }
            }
            return entry; 
        } // IsRemotelyActivatedClientType
 
 
        // This is used at the client end to check if an activation needs
        // to go remote. 
        internal static ActivatedClientTypeEntry IsRemotelyActivatedClientType(String typeName, String assemblyName)
        {
            return Info.QueryRemoteActivate(typeName, assemblyName);
        } 

 
        // This is used at the client end to check if a "new Foo" needs to 
        // happen via a Connect() under the covers.
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        internal static WellKnownClientTypeEntry IsWellKnownClientType(RuntimeType svrType)
        {
            RemotingTypeCachedData cache = (RemotingTypeCachedData)
                InternalRemotingServices.GetReflectionCachedData(svrType); 

            String assemblyName = cache.SimpleAssemblyName; 
            WellKnownClientTypeEntry wke = Info.QueryConnect(svrType.FullName, assemblyName); 
            if (wke == null)
            { 
                wke= Info.QueryConnect(svrType.Name, assemblyName);
            }
            return wke;
        } 

        // This is used at the client end to check if a "new Foo" needs to 
        // happen via a Connect() under the covers. 
        internal static WellKnownClientTypeEntry IsWellKnownClientType(String typeName,
                                                                       String assemblyName) 
        {
            return Info.QueryConnect(typeName, assemblyName);
        }
 
        //
        // helper functions for processing and parsing data 
        // 
        private static void ParseGenericType(String typeAssem, int indexStart, out String typeName, out String assemName)
        { 
            int len = typeAssem.Length;
            int depth = 1;

            int index = indexStart; 
            while(depth > 0 && (++index < len - 1))
            { 
                if (typeAssem[index] == '[') { 
                    depth++;
                } 
                else if (typeAssem[index] == ']') {
                    depth--;
                }
            } 

            if (depth > 0 || index >= len) { 
                typeName = null; 
                assemName = null;
            } 
            else {
                index = typeAssem.IndexOf(',', index);
                // comma must be present, and can't be last character
                if ((index >= 0) && (index < (len - 1))) 
                {
                    typeName = typeAssem.Substring(0, index).Trim(); 
                    assemName = typeAssem.Substring(index + 1).Trim(); 
                }
                else 
                {
                    typeName = null;
                    assemName = null;
                } 
            }
        } 
 
        internal static void ParseType(String typeAssem, out String typeName, out String assemName)
        { 
            String value = typeAssem;

            int genericTypeIndex = value.IndexOf("[");
            if ((genericTypeIndex >= 0) && (genericTypeIndex < (value.Length - 1))) 
            {
                ParseGenericType(value, genericTypeIndex, out typeName, out assemName); 
            } 
            else
            { 
                int index = value.IndexOf(",");

                // comma must be present, and can't be last character
                if ((index >= 0) && (index < (value.Length - 1))) 
                {
                    typeName = value.Substring(0, index).Trim(); 
                    assemName = value.Substring(index + 1).Trim(); 
                }
                else 
                {
                    typeName = null;
                    assemName = null;
                } 
            }
        } // ParseType 
        // This is used at the server end to check if a type being activated 
        // is explicitly allowed by the server.
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        internal static bool IsActivationAllowed(RuntimeType svrType)
        {
            if (svrType == null)
                return false; 

            RemotingTypeCachedData cache = (RemotingTypeCachedData) 
                InternalRemotingServices.GetReflectionCachedData(svrType); 

            String assemblyName = cache.SimpleAssemblyName; 

            return Info.ActivationAllowed(svrType.FullName, assemblyName);
        } // IsActivationAllowed
 
        // This is the flavor that we call from the activation listener
        // code path. This ensures that we don't load a type before checking 
        // that it is configured for remote activation 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static bool IsActivationAllowed(String TypeName) 
        {
            String svrTypeName = RemotingServices.InternalGetTypeNameFromQualifiedTypeName(TypeName);
            if (svrTypeName == null)
            { 
                return false;
            } 
            String typeName; 
            String asmName;
 
            ParseType(svrTypeName, out typeName, out asmName);
            if (asmName == null)
                return false;
 
            int index = asmName.IndexOf(',');
            if (index != -1) 
            { 
                // strip off the version info
                asmName = asmName.Substring(0,index); 
            }
            return Info.ActivationAllowed(typeName, asmName);
        }
 
        // helper for Configuration::RegisterActivatedServiceType
        internal static void RegisterActivatedServiceType(ActivatedServiceTypeEntry entry) 
        { 
            Info.AddActivatedType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName,
                                  entry.ContextAttributes); 
        } // RegisterActivatedServiceType


        // helper for Configuration::RegisterWellKnownServiceType 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static void RegisterWellKnownServiceType(WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry) 
        { 
            BCLDebug.Trace("REMOTE", "Adding well known service type for " + entry.ObjectUri);
            // < 
            String serverType = entry.TypeName;
            String asmName = entry.AssemblyName;
            String URI = entry.ObjectUri;
            WellKnownObjectMode mode = entry.Mode; 

            lock (Info) 
            { 
                // We make an entry in our config tables so as to keep
                // both the file-based and programmatic config in [....]. 
                Info.AddWellKnownEntry(entry);
            }
        } // RegisterWellKnownServiceType
 

        // helper for Configuration::RegisterActivatedClientType 
        internal static void RegisterActivatedClientType(ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry) 
        {
            Info.AddActivatedClientType(entry); 
        }

        // helper for Configuration::RegisterWellKnownClientType
        internal static void RegisterWellKnownClientType(WellKnownClientTypeEntry entry) 
        {
            Info.AddWellKnownClientType(entry); 
        } 

        //helper for Configuration::GetServerTypeForUri 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
        internal static Type GetServerTypeForUri(String URI)
        {
            URI = Identity.RemoveAppNameOrAppGuidIfNecessary(URI); 
            return Info.GetServerTypeForUri(URI);
        } 
 
        // helper for Configuration::GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes
        internal static ActivatedServiceTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes() 
        {
            return Info.GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes();
        } // GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes
 
        // helper for Configuration::GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes
        internal static WellKnownServiceTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes() 
        { 
            return Info.GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes();
        } // GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes 

        // helper for Configuration::GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes
        internal static ActivatedClientTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes()
        { 
            return Info.GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes();
        } // GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes 
 
        // helper for Configuration::GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes
        internal static WellKnownClientTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes() 
        {
            return Info.GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes();
        } // GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes
 

        // helper for creating well known objects on demand 
        [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
        internal static ServerIdentity CreateWellKnownObject(String uri)
        { 
            uri = Identity.RemoveAppNameOrAppGuidIfNecessary(uri);
            return Info.StartupWellKnownObject(uri);
        }
 

        internal class RemotingConfigInfo 
        { 
            Hashtable _exportableClasses; // list of objects that can be client-activated
                                          // (this should be a StringTable since we only use the key, 
                                          //  but that type was removed from the BCL :( )
            Hashtable _remoteTypeInfo;
            Hashtable _remoteAppInfo;
            Hashtable _wellKnownExportInfo; //well known exports indexed by object URI in lower-case 

            static char[] SepSpace = {' '}; 
            static char[] SepPound = {'#'}; 
            static char[] SepSemiColon = {';'};
            static char[] SepEquals = {'='}; 

            private static Object s_wkoStartLock = new Object();
            private static PermissionSet s_fullTrust = new PermissionSet(PermissionState.Unrestricted);
 
            internal RemotingConfigInfo()
            { 
                // < 
                _remoteTypeInfo = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable());
 
                _exportableClasses = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable());

                _remoteAppInfo = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable());
                _wellKnownExportInfo = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable()); 
            }
 
 
            // encodes type name and assembly name into one string for purposes of
            //   indexing in lists and hash tables 
            private String EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(String typeName, String assemblyName)
            {
                return typeName + ", " + assemblyName.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
            } 

 
            // 
            // XML Configuration Helper Functions
            // 

            internal void StoreActivatedExports(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData)
            {
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.TypeEntry entry in configData.ServerActivatedEntries) 
                {
                    ActivatedServiceTypeEntry aste = 
                        new ActivatedServiceTypeEntry(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName); 
                    aste.ContextAttributes =
                        CreateContextAttributesFromConfigEntries(entry.ContextAttributes); 

                    RemotingConfiguration.RegisterActivatedServiceType(aste);
                }
            } // StoreActivatedExports 

            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal void StoreInteropEntries(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData) 
            {
                // process interop xml element entries 
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.InteropXmlElementEntry entry in
                         configData.InteropXmlElementEntries)
                {
                    Assembly assembly = Assembly.Load(entry.UrtAssemblyName); 
                    Type type = assembly.GetType(entry.UrtTypeName);
                    SoapServices.RegisterInteropXmlElement(entry.XmlElementName, 
                                                           entry.XmlElementNamespace, 
                                                           type);
                } 

                // process interop xml type entries
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.InteropXmlTypeEntry entry in
                         configData.InteropXmlTypeEntries) 
                {
                    Assembly assembly = Assembly.Load(entry.UrtAssemblyName); 
                    Type type = assembly.GetType(entry.UrtTypeName); 
                    SoapServices.RegisterInteropXmlType(entry.XmlTypeName,
                                                        entry.XmlTypeNamespace, 
                                                        type);
                }

                // process preload entries 
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.PreLoadEntry entry in configData.PreLoadEntries)
                { 
                    Assembly assembly = Assembly.Load(entry.AssemblyName); 

                    if (entry.TypeName != null) 
                    {
                        Type type = assembly.GetType(entry.TypeName);
                        SoapServices.PreLoad(type);
                    } 
                    else
                    { 
                        SoapServices.PreLoad(assembly); 
                    }
                } 
            } // StoreInteropEntries

            internal void StoreRemoteAppEntries(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData)
            { 
                char[] slash = new char[]{'/'};
 
                // add each remote app to the table 
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.RemoteAppEntry remApp in configData.RemoteAppEntries)
                { 
                    // form complete application uri by combining specified uri with app-name
                    //  (make sure appUri ends with slash, and that app name doesn't start,
                    //   with one. then make sure that the combined form has no trailing slashes).
                    String appUri = remApp.AppUri; 
                    if ((appUri != null) && !appUri.EndsWith("/", StringComparison.Ordinal))
                        appUri = appUri.TrimEnd(slash); 
 
                    // add each client activated type for this remote app
                    foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.TypeEntry cae in remApp.ActivatedObjects) 
                    {
                        ActivatedClientTypeEntry acte =
                            new ActivatedClientTypeEntry(cae.TypeName, cae.AssemblyName,
                                                         appUri); 
                        acte.ContextAttributes =
                            CreateContextAttributesFromConfigEntries(cae.ContextAttributes); 
 
                        RemotingConfiguration.RegisterActivatedClientType(acte);
                    } 

                    // add each well known object for this remote app
                    foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ClientWellKnownEntry cwke in remApp.WellKnownObjects)
                    { 
                        WellKnownClientTypeEntry wke =
                            new WellKnownClientTypeEntry(cwke.TypeName, cwke.AssemblyName, 
                                                         cwke.Url); 
                        wke.ApplicationUrl = appUri;
 
                        RemotingConfiguration.RegisterWellKnownClientType(wke);
                    }
                }
            } // StoreRemoteAppEntries 

            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal void StoreWellKnownExports(RemotingXmlConfigFileData configData) 
            {
                // < 

                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ServerWellKnownEntry entry in configData.ServerWellKnownEntries)
                {
                    WellKnownServiceTypeEntry wke = 
                        new WellKnownServiceTypeEntry(
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName, entry.ObjectURI, 
                            entry.ObjectMode); 
                    wke.ContextAttributes = null;
 
                    // Register the well known entry but do not startup the object
                    RemotingConfigHandler.RegisterWellKnownServiceType(wke);
                }
            } // StoreWellKnownExports 

 
            // helper functions for above configuration helpers 

            static IContextAttribute[] CreateContextAttributesFromConfigEntries(ArrayList contextAttributes) 
            {
                // create context attribute entry list
                int numAttrs = contextAttributes.Count;
                if (numAttrs == 0) 
                    return null;
 
                IContextAttribute[] attrs = new IContextAttribute[numAttrs]; 

                int co = 0; 
                foreach (RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ContextAttributeEntry cae in contextAttributes)
                {
                    Assembly asm = Assembly.Load(cae.AssemblyName);
 
                    IContextAttribute attr = null;
                    Hashtable properties = cae.Properties; 
                    if ((properties != null) && (properties.Count > 0)) 
                    {
                        Object[] args = new Object[1]; 
                        args[0] = properties;

                        // We explicitly allow the ability to create internal
                        // only attributes 
                        attr = (IContextAttribute)
                            Activator.CreateInstance( 
                                asm.GetType(cae.TypeName, false, false), 
                                BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.CreateInstance,
                                null, 
                                args,
                                null,
                                null);
                    } 
                    else
                    { 
                        attr = (IContextAttribute) 
                            Activator.CreateInstance(
                                asm.GetType(cae.TypeName, false, false), 
                                true);
                    }

                    attrs[co++] = attr; 
                }
 
                return attrs; 
            } // CreateContextAttributesFromConfigEntries
 
            //
            // end of XML configuration helper functions
            //
 
            internal bool ActivationAllowed(String typeName, String assemblyName)
            { 
                // the assembly name is stored in lower-case to let it be case-insensitive 
                return _exportableClasses.ContainsKey(EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(typeName, assemblyName));
            } 

            internal ActivatedClientTypeEntry QueryRemoteActivate(String typeName, String assemblyName)
            {
                String index = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(typeName, assemblyName); 

                ActivatedClientTypeEntry typeEntry = _remoteTypeInfo[index] as ActivatedClientTypeEntry; 
                if (typeEntry == null) 
                    return null;
 
                if (typeEntry.GetRemoteAppEntry() == null)
                {
                    RemoteAppEntry appEntry = (RemoteAppEntry)
                                            _remoteAppInfo[typeEntry.ApplicationUrl]; 
                    if (appEntry == null)
                    { 
                        throw new RemotingException( 
                         String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString( 
                                "Remoting_Activation_MissingRemoteAppEntry"),
                            typeEntry.ApplicationUrl));
                    }
                    typeEntry.CacheRemoteAppEntry(appEntry); 
                }
                return typeEntry; 
            } 

            internal WellKnownClientTypeEntry QueryConnect(String typeName, String assemblyName) 
            {
                String index = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(typeName, assemblyName);

                WellKnownClientTypeEntry typeEntry = _remoteTypeInfo[index] as WellKnownClientTypeEntry; 
                if (typeEntry == null)
                    return null; 
 
                return typeEntry;
            } 

            //
            // helper functions to retrieve registered types
            // 

 
            internal ActivatedServiceTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes() 
            {
                ActivatedServiceTypeEntry[] entries = 
                    new ActivatedServiceTypeEntry[_exportableClasses.Count];

                int co = 0;
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _exportableClasses) 
                {
                    entries[co++] = (ActivatedServiceTypeEntry)dictEntry.Value; 
                } 

                return entries; 
            } // GetRegisteredActivatedServiceTypes


            internal WellKnownServiceTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes() 
            {
                WellKnownServiceTypeEntry[] entries = 
                    new WellKnownServiceTypeEntry[_wellKnownExportInfo.Count]; 

                int co = 0; 
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _wellKnownExportInfo)
                {
                    WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry = (WellKnownServiceTypeEntry)dictEntry.Value;
 
                    WellKnownServiceTypeEntry wkste =
                        new WellKnownServiceTypeEntry( 
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName, 
                            entry.ObjectUri, entry.Mode);
 
                    wkste.ContextAttributes = entry.ContextAttributes;

                    entries[co++] = wkste;
                } 

                return entries; 
            } // GetRegisteredWellKnownServiceTypes 

 
            internal ActivatedClientTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes()
            {
                // count number of well known client types
                int count = 0; 
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _remoteTypeInfo)
                { 
                    ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry = dictEntry.Value as ActivatedClientTypeEntry; 
                    if (entry != null)
                        count++; 
                }

                ActivatedClientTypeEntry[] entries =
                    new ActivatedClientTypeEntry[count]; 

                int co = 0; 
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _remoteTypeInfo) 
                {
                    ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry = dictEntry.Value as ActivatedClientTypeEntry; 

                    if (entry != null)
                    {
                        // retrieve application url 
                        String appUrl = null;
                        RemoteAppEntry remApp = entry.GetRemoteAppEntry(); 
                        if (remApp != null) 
                            appUrl = remApp.GetAppURI();
 
                        ActivatedClientTypeEntry wkcte =
                            new ActivatedClientTypeEntry(entry.TypeName,
                                entry.AssemblyName, appUrl);
 
                        // Fetch the context attributes
                        wkcte.ContextAttributes = entry.ContextAttributes; 
 
                        entries[co++] = wkcte;
                    } 

                }

                return entries; 
            } // GetRegisteredActivatedClientTypes
 
 
            internal WellKnownClientTypeEntry[] GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes()
            { 
                // count number of well known client types
                int count = 0;
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _remoteTypeInfo)
                { 
                    WellKnownClientTypeEntry entry = dictEntry.Value as WellKnownClientTypeEntry;
                    if (entry != null) 
                        count++; 
                }
 
                WellKnownClientTypeEntry[] entries =
                    new WellKnownClientTypeEntry[count];

                int co = 0; 
                foreach (DictionaryEntry dictEntry in _remoteTypeInfo)
                { 
                    WellKnownClientTypeEntry entry = dictEntry.Value as WellKnownClientTypeEntry; 

                    if (entry != null) 
                    {
                        WellKnownClientTypeEntry wkcte =
                            new WellKnownClientTypeEntry(entry.TypeName,
                                entry.AssemblyName, entry.ObjectUrl); 

                        // see if there is an associated app 
                        RemoteAppEntry remApp = entry.GetRemoteAppEntry(); 
                        if (remApp != null)
                            wkcte.ApplicationUrl = remApp.GetAppURI(); 

                        entries[co++] = wkcte;
                    }
 
                }
 
                return entries; 
            } // GetRegisteredWellKnownClientTypes
 

            //
            // end of helper functions to retrieve registered types
            // 

            internal void AddActivatedType(String typeName, String assemblyName, 
                                           IContextAttribute[] contextAttributes) 
            {
                if (typeName == null) 
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("typeName");
                if (assemblyName == null)
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("assemblyName");
                Contract.EndContractBlock(); 

                if (CheckForRedirectedClientType(typeName, assemblyName)) 
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format( 
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                                "Remoting_Config_CantUseRedirectedTypeForWellKnownService"),
                            typeName, assemblyName));
                } 

                ActivatedServiceTypeEntry aste = 
                    new ActivatedServiceTypeEntry(typeName, assemblyName); 
                aste.ContextAttributes = contextAttributes;
 
                //   The assembly name is stored in lowercase to let it be case-insensitive.
                String key = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(typeName, assemblyName);
                _exportableClasses.Add(key, aste);
            } // AddActivatedType 

 
            // determines if either a wellknown or activated service type entry 
            //   is associated with the given type name and assembly name
            private bool CheckForServiceEntryWithType(String typeName, String asmName) 
            {
                return
                    CheckForWellKnownServiceEntryWithType(typeName, asmName) ||
                    ActivationAllowed(typeName, asmName); 
            } // CheckForServiceEntryWithType
 
            private bool CheckForWellKnownServiceEntryWithType(String typeName, String asmName) 
            {
                foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in _wellKnownExportInfo) 
                {
                    WellKnownServiceTypeEntry svc =
                        (WellKnownServiceTypeEntry)entry.Value;
                    if (typeName == svc.TypeName) 
                    {
                        bool match = false; 
 
                        // need to ignore version while checking
                        if (asmName == svc.AssemblyName) 
                            match = true;
                        else
                        {
                            // only well known service entry can have version info 
                            if (String.Compare(svc.AssemblyName, 0, asmName, 0, asmName.Length, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) == 0)
                            { 
                                // if asmName != svc.AssemblyName and svc.AssemblyName 
                                //   starts with asmName we know that svc.AssemblyName is
                                //   longer. If the next character is a comma, then the 
                                //   assembly names match except for version numbers
                                //   which is ok.
                                if (svc.AssemblyName[asmName.Length] == ',')
                                    match = true; 
                            }
                        } 
 
                        // We were trying to redirect
                        if (match) 
                            return true;
                    }
                }
 
                return false;
            } // CheckForWellKnownServiceEntryOfType 
 

            // returns true if activation for the type has been redirected. 
            private bool CheckForRedirectedClientType(String typeName, String asmName)
            {
                // if asmName has version information, remove it.
                int index = asmName.IndexOf(","); 
                if (index != -1)
                    asmName = asmName.Substring(0, index); 
 
                return
                    (QueryRemoteActivate(typeName, asmName) != null) || 
                    (QueryConnect(typeName, asmName) != null);
            } // CheckForRedirectedClientType

 
            internal void AddActivatedClientType(ActivatedClientTypeEntry entry)
            { 
                if (CheckForRedirectedClientType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException( 
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                                "Remoting_Config_TypeAlreadyRedirected"),
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                }
 
                if (CheckForServiceEntryWithType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                   throw new RemotingException( 
                       String.Format(
                           CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                               "Remoting_Config_CantRedirectActivationOfWellKnownService"),
                           entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                }
 
                String appUrl = entry.ApplicationUrl; 
                RemoteAppEntry appEntry = (RemoteAppEntry)_remoteAppInfo[appUrl];
                if (appEntry == null) 
                {
                    appEntry = new RemoteAppEntry(appUrl, appUrl);
                    _remoteAppInfo.Add(appUrl, appEntry);
                } 

                if (appEntry != null) 
                { 
                    entry.CacheRemoteAppEntry(appEntry);
                } 

                String index = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName);
                _remoteTypeInfo.Add(index, entry);
            } // AddActivatedClientType 

 
            internal void AddWellKnownClientType(WellKnownClientTypeEntry entry) 
            {
                if (CheckForRedirectedClientType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString( 
                                "Remoting_Config_TypeAlreadyRedirected"),
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                } 

                if (CheckForServiceEntryWithType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString( 
                                "Remoting_Config_CantRedirectActivationOfWellKnownService"),
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                } 

 
                String appUrl = entry.ApplicationUrl;

                RemoteAppEntry appEntry = null;
                if (appUrl != null) 
                {
                    appEntry = (RemoteAppEntry)_remoteAppInfo[appUrl]; 
                    if (appEntry == null) 
                    {
                        appEntry = new RemoteAppEntry(appUrl, appUrl); 
                        _remoteAppInfo.Add(appUrl, appEntry);
                    }
                }
 
                if (appEntry != null)
                    entry.CacheRemoteAppEntry(appEntry); 
 
                String index = EncodeTypeAndAssemblyNames(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName);
                _remoteTypeInfo.Add(index, entry); 
            } // AddWellKnownClientType


 
            // This is to add programmatically registered well known objects
            // so that we keep all this data in one place 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal void AddWellKnownEntry(WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry)
            { 
                AddWellKnownEntry(entry, true);
            }

            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal void AddWellKnownEntry(WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry, bool fReplace)
            { 
                if (CheckForRedirectedClientType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException( 
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString(
                                "Remoting_Config_CantUseRedirectedTypeForWellKnownService"),
                            entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName)); 
                }
 
                String key = entry.ObjectUri.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 

                if (fReplace) 
                {
                    // Registering a well known object twice replaces the old one, so
                    //   we null out the old entry in the identity table after adding
                    //   this one. The identity will be recreated the next time someone 
                    //   asks for this object.
                    _wellKnownExportInfo[key] = entry; 
 
                    IdentityHolder.RemoveIdentity(entry.ObjectUri);
                } 
                else
                {
                    _wellKnownExportInfo.Add(key, entry);
                } 

            } 
 
            //This API exposes a way to get server type information wiihout booting the object
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal Type GetServerTypeForUri(String URI)
            {
                Contract.Assert(null != URI, "null != URI");
 
                Type serverType = null;
                String uriLower = URI.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 
 
                WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry =
                        (WellKnownServiceTypeEntry)_wellKnownExportInfo[uriLower]; 

                if(entry != null)
                {
                    serverType = LoadType(entry.TypeName, entry.AssemblyName); 
                }
 
                return serverType; 
            }
 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            internal ServerIdentity StartupWellKnownObject(String URI)
            {
                Contract.Assert(null != URI, "null != URI"); 

                String uriLower = URI.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 
                ServerIdentity ident = null; 

                WellKnownServiceTypeEntry entry = 
                    (WellKnownServiceTypeEntry)_wellKnownExportInfo[uriLower];
                if (entry != null)
                {
                    ident = StartupWellKnownObject( 
                        entry.AssemblyName,
                        entry.TypeName, 
                        entry.ObjectUri, 
                        entry.Mode);
 
                }

                return ident;
            } 

            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            internal ServerIdentity StartupWellKnownObject( 
                String asmName, String svrTypeName, String URI,
                WellKnownObjectMode mode) 
            {
                return StartupWellKnownObject(asmName, svrTypeName, URI, mode, false);
            }
 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            internal ServerIdentity StartupWellKnownObject( 
                String asmName, String svrTypeName, String URI, 
                WellKnownObjectMode mode,
                bool fReplace) 
            {
                lock (s_wkoStartLock)
                {
                    MarshalByRefObject obj = null; 
                    ServerIdentity srvID = null;
 
                    // attempt to load the type 
                    Type serverType = LoadType(svrTypeName, asmName);
 
                    // make sure the well known object derives from MarshalByRefObject
                    if(!serverType.IsMarshalByRef)
                    {
                        throw new RemotingException( 
                            Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_WellKnown_MustBeMBR",
                            svrTypeName)); 
                    } 

                    // make sure that no one beat us to creating 
                    // the well known object
                    srvID = (ServerIdentity)IdentityHolder.ResolveIdentity(URI);
                    if ((srvID != null) && srvID.IsRemoteDisconnected())
                    { 
                        IdentityHolder.RemoveIdentity(URI);
                        srvID = null; 
                    } 

                    if (srvID == null) 
                    {
                        //WellKnown type instances need to be created under full trust
                        //since the permission set might have been restricted by the channel
                        //pipeline. 
                        //This assert is protected by Infrastructure link demands.
                        s_fullTrust.Assert(); 
                        try { 
                            obj = (MarshalByRefObject)Activator.CreateInstance(serverType, true);
 
                            if (RemotingServices.IsClientProxy(obj))
                            {
                                // The wellknown type is remoted so we must wrap the proxy
                                // with a local object. 

                                // The redirection proxy masquerades as an object of the appropriate 
                                // type, and forwards incoming messages to the actual proxy. 
                                RedirectionProxy redirectedProxy = new RedirectionProxy(obj, serverType);
                                redirectedProxy.ObjectMode = mode; 
                                RemotingServices.MarshalInternal(redirectedProxy, URI, serverType);

                                srvID = (ServerIdentity)IdentityHolder.ResolveIdentity(URI);
                                Contract.Assert(null != srvID, "null != srvID"); 

                                // The redirection proxy handles SingleCall versus Singleton, 
                                // so we always set its mode to Singleton. 
                                srvID.SetSingletonObjectMode();
                            } 
                            else
                            if (serverType.IsCOMObject && (mode == WellKnownObjectMode.Singleton))
                            {
                                // Singleton COM objects are wrapped, so that they will be 
                                //   recreated when an RPC server not available is thrown
                                //   if dllhost.exe is killed. 
                                ComRedirectionProxy comRedirectedProxy = new ComRedirectionProxy(obj, serverType); 
                                RemotingServices.MarshalInternal(comRedirectedProxy, URI, serverType);
 
                                srvID = (ServerIdentity)IdentityHolder.ResolveIdentity(URI);
                                Contract.Assert(null != srvID, "null != srvID");

                                // Only singleton COM objects are redirected this way. 
                                srvID.SetSingletonObjectMode();
                            } 
                            else 
                            {
                                // make sure the object didn't Marshal itself. 
                                String tempUri = RemotingServices.GetObjectUri(obj);
                                if (tempUri != null)
                                {
                                    throw new RemotingException( 
                                        String.Format(
                                            CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString( 
                                                "Remoting_WellKnown_CtorCantMarshal"), 
                                            URI));
                                } 

                                RemotingServices.MarshalInternal(obj, URI, serverType);

                                srvID = (ServerIdentity)IdentityHolder.ResolveIdentity(URI); 
                                Contract.Assert(null != srvID, "null != srvID");
 
                                if (mode == WellKnownObjectMode.SingleCall) 
                                {
                                    // We need to set a special flag in the serverId 
                                    // so that every dispatch to this type creates
                                    // a new instance of the server object
                                    srvID.SetSingleCallObjectMode();
                                } 
                                else
                                { 
                                    srvID.SetSingletonObjectMode(); 
                                }
                            } 
                        }
                        catch
                        {
                            throw; 
                        }
                        finally { 
                            SecurityPermission.RevertAssert(); 
                        }
                    } 

                    Contract.Assert(null != srvID, "null != srvID");
                    return srvID;
                } 
            } // StartupWellKnownObject
 
 
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated
            internal static Type LoadType(String typeName, String assemblyName) 
            {
                Assembly asm = null;
                // All the LoadType callers have been protected by
                // Infrastructure LinkDemand, it is safe to assert 
                // this permission.
                // Assembly.Load demands FileIO when the target 
                // assembly is the same as the executable running. 
                new FileIOPermission(PermissionState.Unrestricted).Assert();
                try { 
                    asm = Assembly.Load(assemblyName);
                }
                finally {
                    CodeAccessPermission.RevertAssert(); 
                }
 
                if (asm == null) 
                {
                    throw new RemotingException( 
                        Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_AssemblyLoadFailed",
                        assemblyName));
                }
 
                Type type = asm.GetType(typeName, false, false);
                if (type == null) 
                { 
                    throw new RemotingException(
                        Environment.GetResourceString("Remoting_BadType", 
                        typeName + ", " + assemblyName));
                }

                return type; 
            } // LoadType
 
 

        }// class RemotingConfigInfo 
    } // class RemotingConfigHandler


 
    internal class DelayLoadClientChannelEntry
    { 
        private RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ChannelEntry _entry; 
        private IChannelSender _channel;
        private bool _bRegistered; 
        private bool _ensureSecurity;

        internal DelayLoadClientChannelEntry(RemotingXmlConfigFileData.ChannelEntry entry, bool ensureSecurity)
        { 
            _entry = entry;
            _channel = null; 
            _bRegistered = false; 
            _ensureSecurity = ensureSecurity;
        } 

        internal IChannelSender Channel
        {
            [System.Security.SecurityCritical]  // auto-generated 
            get
            { 
                // If this method returns null, that means the channel has already been registered. 

                // NOTE: Access to delay load client entries is synchronized at a higher level. 
                if (_channel == null)
                {
                    if (!_bRegistered)
                    { 
                        _channel = (IChannelSender)RemotingConfigHandler.CreateChannelFromConfigEntry(_entry);
                        _entry = null; 
                    } 
                }
 
                return _channel;
            } // get
        } // Channel
 
        internal void RegisterChannel()
        { 
            Contract.Assert(_channel != null, "channel shouldn't be null"); 

            // NOTE: Access to delay load client entries is synchronized at a higher level. 
            ChannelServices.RegisterChannel(_channel, _ensureSecurity);
            _bRegistered = true;
            _channel = null;
        } // RegisterChannel 

    } // class DelayLoadChannelEntry 
 

 
} // namespace


// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

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