Utils.cs source code in C# .NET

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/ Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / 3.5.1 / DEVDIV / depot / DevDiv / releases / whidbey / NetFXspW7 / ndp / clr / src / ManagedLibraries / Security / System / Security / Cryptography / Xml / Utils.cs / 1 / Utils.cs

                            // ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 

// 
// Utils.cs 
//
// 04/01/2002 
//

namespace System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
{ 
    using System.Collections;
    using System.Diagnostics; 
    using System.IO; 
    using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
    using System.Security.Permissions; 
    using System.Text;
    using System.Xml;

    [Serializable] 
    internal enum CertUsageType {
        Verification = 0, 
        Decryption   = 1 
    }
 
    internal class MyXmlDocument : XmlDocument {
        protected override XmlAttribute CreateDefaultAttribute(string prefix, string localName, string namespaceURI) {
            return this.CreateAttribute(prefix, localName, namespaceURI);
        } 
    }
 
    internal class Utils { 
        private Utils () {}
 
        private static bool HasNamespace (XmlElement element, string prefix, string value) {
            if (IsCommittedNamespace(element, prefix, value)) return true;
            if (element.Prefix == prefix && element.NamespaceURI == value) return true;
            return false; 
        }
 
        // A helper function that determines if a namespace node is a committed attribute 
        internal static bool IsCommittedNamespace (XmlElement element, string prefix, string value) {
            if (element == null) 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("element");

            string name = ((prefix.Length > 0) ? "xmlns:" + prefix : "xmlns");
            if (element.HasAttribute(name) && element.GetAttribute(name) == value) return true; 
            return false;
        } 
 
        internal static bool IsRedundantNamespace (XmlElement element, string prefix, string value) {
            if (element == null) 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("element");

            XmlNode ancestorNode = ((XmlNode)element).ParentNode;
            while (ancestorNode != null) { 
                XmlElement ancestorElement = ancestorNode as XmlElement;
                if (ancestorElement != null) 
                    if (HasNamespace(ancestorElement, prefix, value)) return true; 
                ancestorNode = ancestorNode.ParentNode;
            } 

            return false;
        }
 
        internal static string GetAttribute (XmlElement element, string localName, string namespaceURI) {
            string s = (element.HasAttribute(localName) ? element.GetAttribute(localName) : null); 
            if (s == null && element.HasAttribute(localName, namespaceURI)) 
                s = element.GetAttribute(localName, namespaceURI);
            return s; 
        }

        internal static bool HasAttribute (XmlElement element, string localName, string namespaceURI) {
            return element.HasAttribute(localName) || element.HasAttribute(localName, namespaceURI); 
        }
 
        internal static bool IsNamespaceNode (XmlNode n) { 
            return n.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Attribute && (n.Prefix.Equals("xmlns") || (n.Prefix.Length == 0 && n.LocalName.Equals("xmlns")));
        } 

        internal static bool IsXmlNamespaceNode (XmlNode n) {
            return n.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Attribute && n.Prefix.Equals("xml");
        } 

        // We consider xml:space style attributes as default namespace nodes since they obey the same propagation rules 
        internal static bool IsDefaultNamespaceNode (XmlNode n) { 
            bool b1 = n.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Attribute && n.Prefix.Length == 0 && n.LocalName.Equals("xmlns");
            bool b2 = IsXmlNamespaceNode(n); 
            return b1 || b2;
        }

        internal static bool IsEmptyDefaultNamespaceNode (XmlNode n) { 
            return IsDefaultNamespaceNode(n) && n.Value.Length == 0;
        } 
 
        internal static string GetNamespacePrefix (XmlAttribute a) {
            Debug.Assert(IsNamespaceNode(a) || IsXmlNamespaceNode(a)); 
            return a.Prefix.Length == 0 ? string.Empty : a.LocalName;
        }

        internal static bool HasNamespacePrefix (XmlAttribute a, string nsPrefix) { 
            return GetNamespacePrefix(a).Equals(nsPrefix);
        } 
 
        internal static bool IsNonRedundantNamespaceDecl (XmlAttribute a, XmlAttribute nearestAncestorWithSamePrefix) {
            if (nearestAncestorWithSamePrefix == null) 
                return !IsEmptyDefaultNamespaceNode(a);
            else
                return !nearestAncestorWithSamePrefix.Value.Equals(a.Value);
        } 

        internal static bool IsXmlPrefixDefinitionNode (XmlAttribute a) { 
            return false; 
//            return a.Prefix.Equals("xmlns") && a.LocalName.Equals("xml") && a.Value.Equals(NamespaceUrlForXmlPrefix);
        } 

        internal static String DiscardWhiteSpaces (string inputBuffer) {
            return DiscardWhiteSpaces(inputBuffer, 0, inputBuffer.Length);
        } 

 
        internal static String DiscardWhiteSpaces (string inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount) { 
            int i, iCount = 0;
            for (i=0; i 0) {
                output.Write(bytes, 0, numBytes); 
                totalBytes += numBytes;
            } 
 
            return totalBytes;
        } 

        internal static Hashtable TokenizePrefixListString (string s) {
            Hashtable set = new Hashtable();
            if (s != null) { 
                string[] prefixes = s.Split(null);
                foreach (string prefix in prefixes) { 
                    if (prefix.Equals("#default")) { 
                        set.Add(string.Empty, true);
                    } else if (prefix.Length > 0) { 
                        set.Add(prefix, true);
                    }
                }
            } 
            return set;
        } 
 
        internal static string EscapeWhitespaceData(string data) {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); 
            sb.Append(data);
            Utils.SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 13,"
");
            return sb.ToString();;
        } 

        internal static string EscapeTextData(string data) { 
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); 
            sb.Append(data);
            sb.Replace("&", "&"); 
            sb.Replace("<", "<");
            sb.Replace(">", ">");
            SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 13, "
");
            return sb.ToString();; 
        }
 
        internal static string EscapeCData(string data) { 
            return EscapeTextData(data);
        } 

        internal static string EscapeAttributeValue(string value) {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.Append(value); 
            sb.Replace("&", "&");
            sb.Replace("<", "<"); 
            sb.Replace("\"", """); 
            SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 9, "	");
            SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 10, "
"); 
            SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 13, "
");
            return sb.ToString();
        }
 
        internal static XmlDocument GetOwnerDocument (XmlNodeList nodeList) {
            foreach (XmlNode node in nodeList) { 
                if (node.OwnerDocument != null) 
                    return node.OwnerDocument;
            } 
            return null;
        }

        internal static void AddNamespaces (XmlElement elem, CanonicalXmlNodeList namespaces) { 
            if (namespaces != null) {
                foreach (XmlNode attrib in namespaces) { 
                    string name = ((attrib.Prefix.Length > 0) ? attrib.Prefix + ":" + attrib.LocalName : attrib.LocalName); 
                    // Skip the attribute if one with the same qualified name already exists
                    if (elem.HasAttribute(name) || (name.Equals("xmlns") && elem.Prefix.Length == 0)) continue; 
                    XmlAttribute nsattrib = (XmlAttribute) elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute(name);
                    nsattrib.Value = attrib.Value;
                    elem.SetAttributeNode(nsattrib);
                } 
            }
        } 
 
        internal static void AddNamespaces (XmlElement elem, Hashtable namespaces) {
            if (namespaces != null) { 
                foreach (string key in namespaces.Keys) {
                    if (elem.HasAttribute(key)) continue;
                    XmlAttribute nsattrib = (XmlAttribute) elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute(key);
                    nsattrib.Value = namespaces[key] as string; 
                    elem.SetAttributeNode(nsattrib);
                } 
            } 
        }
 
        // This method gets the attributes that should be propagated
        internal static CanonicalXmlNodeList GetPropagatedAttributes (XmlElement elem) {
            if (elem == null)
                return null; 

            CanonicalXmlNodeList namespaces = new CanonicalXmlNodeList(); 
            XmlNode ancestorNode = elem; 

            if (ancestorNode == null) return null; 

            bool bDefNamespaceToAdd = true;

            while (ancestorNode != null) { 
                XmlElement ancestorElement = ancestorNode as XmlElement;
                if (ancestorElement == null) { 
                    ancestorNode = ancestorNode.ParentNode; 
                    continue;
                } 
                if (!Utils.IsCommittedNamespace(ancestorElement, ancestorElement.Prefix, ancestorElement.NamespaceURI)) {
                    // Add the namespace attribute to the collection if needed
                    if (!Utils.IsRedundantNamespace(ancestorElement, ancestorElement.Prefix, ancestorElement.NamespaceURI)) {
                        string name = ((ancestorElement.Prefix.Length > 0) ? "xmlns:" + ancestorElement.Prefix : "xmlns"); 
                        XmlAttribute nsattrib = elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute(name);
                        nsattrib.Value = ancestorElement.NamespaceURI; 
                        namespaces.Add(nsattrib); 
                    }
                } 
                if (ancestorElement.HasAttributes) {
                    XmlAttributeCollection attribs = ancestorElement.Attributes;
                    foreach (XmlAttribute attrib in attribs) {
                        // Add a default namespace if necessary 
                        if (bDefNamespaceToAdd && attrib.LocalName == "xmlns") {
                            XmlAttribute nsattrib = elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute("xmlns"); 
                            nsattrib.Value = attrib.Value; 
                            namespaces.Add(nsattrib);
                            bDefNamespaceToAdd = false; 
                            continue;
                        }
                        // retain the declarations of type 'xml:*' as well
                        if (attrib.Prefix == "xmlns" || attrib.Prefix == "xml") { 
                            namespaces.Add(attrib);
                            continue; 
                        } 
                        if (attrib.NamespaceURI.Length > 0) {
                            if (!Utils.IsCommittedNamespace(ancestorElement, attrib.Prefix, attrib.NamespaceURI)) { 
                                // Add the namespace attribute to the collection if needed
                                if (!Utils.IsRedundantNamespace(ancestorElement, attrib.Prefix, attrib.NamespaceURI)) {
                                    string name = ((attrib.Prefix.Length > 0) ? "xmlns:" + attrib.Prefix : "xmlns");
                                    XmlAttribute nsattrib = elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute(name); 
                                    nsattrib.Value = attrib.NamespaceURI;
                                    namespaces.Add(nsattrib); 
                                } 
                            }
                        } 
                    }
                }
                ancestorNode = ancestorNode.ParentNode;
            } 

            return namespaces; 
        } 

        // output of this routine is always big endian 
        internal static byte[] ConvertIntToByteArray (int dwInput) {
            byte[] rgbTemp = new byte[8]; // int can never be greater than Int64
            int t1;  // t1 is remaining value to account for
            int t2;  // t2 is t1 % 256 
            int i = 0;
 
            if (dwInput == 0) return new byte[1]; 
            t1 = dwInput;
            while (t1 > 0) { 
                t2 = t1 % 256;
                rgbTemp[i] = (byte) t2;
                t1 = (t1 - t2)/256;
                i++; 
            }
            // Now, copy only the non-zero part of rgbTemp and reverse 
            byte[] rgbOutput = new byte[i]; 
            // copy and reverse in one pass
            for (int j = 0; j < i; j++) { 
                rgbOutput[j] = rgbTemp[i-j-1];
            }
            return rgbOutput;
        } 

        internal static int GetHexArraySize (byte[] hex) { 
            int index = hex.Length; 
            while (index-- > 0) {
                if (hex[index] != 0) 
                    break;
            }
            return index + 1;
        } 

        internal static X509Certificate2Collection BuildBagOfCerts (KeyInfoX509Data keyInfoX509Data, CertUsageType certUsageType) { 
            X509Certificate2Collection collection = new X509Certificate2Collection(); 
            ArrayList decryptionIssuerSerials = (certUsageType == CertUsageType.Decryption ? new ArrayList() : null);
            if (keyInfoX509Data.Certificates != null) { 
                foreach (X509Certificate2 certificate in keyInfoX509Data.Certificates) {
                    switch (certUsageType) {
                    case CertUsageType.Verification:
                        collection.Add(certificate); 
                        break;
                    case CertUsageType.Decryption: 
                        decryptionIssuerSerials.Add(new X509IssuerSerial(certificate.IssuerName.Name, certificate.SerialNumber)); 
                        break;
                    } 
                }
            }

            if (keyInfoX509Data.SubjectNames == null && keyInfoX509Data.IssuerSerials == null && 
                keyInfoX509Data.SubjectKeyIds == null && decryptionIssuerSerials == null)
                return collection; 
 
            // Open LocalMachine and CurrentUser "Other People"/"My" stores.
 
            // Assert OpenStore since we are not giving back any certificates to the user.
            StorePermission sp = new StorePermission(StorePermissionFlags.OpenStore);
            sp.Assert();
 
            X509Store[] stores = new X509Store[2];
            string storeName = (certUsageType == CertUsageType.Verification ? "AddressBook" : "My"); 
            stores[0] = new X509Store(storeName, StoreLocation.CurrentUser); 
            stores[1] = new X509Store(storeName, StoreLocation.LocalMachine);
 
            for (int index=0; index < stores.Length; index++) {
                if (stores[index] != null) {
                    X509Certificate2Collection filters = null;
                    // We don't care if we can't open the store. 
                    try {
                        stores[index].Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly); 
                        filters = stores[index].Certificates; 
                        stores[index].Close();
                        if (keyInfoX509Data.SubjectNames != null) { 
                            foreach (string subjectName in keyInfoX509Data.SubjectNames) {
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindBySubjectDistinguishedName, subjectName, false);
                            }
                        } 
                        if (keyInfoX509Data.IssuerSerials != null) {
                            foreach (X509IssuerSerial issuerSerial in keyInfoX509Data.IssuerSerials) { 
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindByIssuerDistinguishedName, issuerSerial.IssuerName, false); 
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindBySerialNumber, issuerSerial.SerialNumber, false);
                            } 
                        }
                        if (keyInfoX509Data.SubjectKeyIds != null) {
                            foreach (byte[] ski in keyInfoX509Data.SubjectKeyIds) {
                                string hex = X509Utils.EncodeHexString(ski); 
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindBySubjectKeyIdentifier, hex, false);
                            } 
                        } 
                        if (decryptionIssuerSerials != null) {
                            foreach (X509IssuerSerial issuerSerial in decryptionIssuerSerials) { 
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindByIssuerDistinguishedName, issuerSerial.IssuerName, false);
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindBySerialNumber, issuerSerial.SerialNumber, false);
                            }
                        } 
                    }
                    catch (CryptographicException) {} 
 
                    if (filters != null)
                        collection.AddRange(filters); 
                }
            }

            return collection; 
        }
    } 
} 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 

// 
// Utils.cs 
//
// 04/01/2002 
//

namespace System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
{ 
    using System.Collections;
    using System.Diagnostics; 
    using System.IO; 
    using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
    using System.Security.Permissions; 
    using System.Text;
    using System.Xml;

    [Serializable] 
    internal enum CertUsageType {
        Verification = 0, 
        Decryption   = 1 
    }
 
    internal class MyXmlDocument : XmlDocument {
        protected override XmlAttribute CreateDefaultAttribute(string prefix, string localName, string namespaceURI) {
            return this.CreateAttribute(prefix, localName, namespaceURI);
        } 
    }
 
    internal class Utils { 
        private Utils () {}
 
        private static bool HasNamespace (XmlElement element, string prefix, string value) {
            if (IsCommittedNamespace(element, prefix, value)) return true;
            if (element.Prefix == prefix && element.NamespaceURI == value) return true;
            return false; 
        }
 
        // A helper function that determines if a namespace node is a committed attribute 
        internal static bool IsCommittedNamespace (XmlElement element, string prefix, string value) {
            if (element == null) 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("element");

            string name = ((prefix.Length > 0) ? "xmlns:" + prefix : "xmlns");
            if (element.HasAttribute(name) && element.GetAttribute(name) == value) return true; 
            return false;
        } 
 
        internal static bool IsRedundantNamespace (XmlElement element, string prefix, string value) {
            if (element == null) 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("element");

            XmlNode ancestorNode = ((XmlNode)element).ParentNode;
            while (ancestorNode != null) { 
                XmlElement ancestorElement = ancestorNode as XmlElement;
                if (ancestorElement != null) 
                    if (HasNamespace(ancestorElement, prefix, value)) return true; 
                ancestorNode = ancestorNode.ParentNode;
            } 

            return false;
        }
 
        internal static string GetAttribute (XmlElement element, string localName, string namespaceURI) {
            string s = (element.HasAttribute(localName) ? element.GetAttribute(localName) : null); 
            if (s == null && element.HasAttribute(localName, namespaceURI)) 
                s = element.GetAttribute(localName, namespaceURI);
            return s; 
        }

        internal static bool HasAttribute (XmlElement element, string localName, string namespaceURI) {
            return element.HasAttribute(localName) || element.HasAttribute(localName, namespaceURI); 
        }
 
        internal static bool IsNamespaceNode (XmlNode n) { 
            return n.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Attribute && (n.Prefix.Equals("xmlns") || (n.Prefix.Length == 0 && n.LocalName.Equals("xmlns")));
        } 

        internal static bool IsXmlNamespaceNode (XmlNode n) {
            return n.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Attribute && n.Prefix.Equals("xml");
        } 

        // We consider xml:space style attributes as default namespace nodes since they obey the same propagation rules 
        internal static bool IsDefaultNamespaceNode (XmlNode n) { 
            bool b1 = n.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Attribute && n.Prefix.Length == 0 && n.LocalName.Equals("xmlns");
            bool b2 = IsXmlNamespaceNode(n); 
            return b1 || b2;
        }

        internal static bool IsEmptyDefaultNamespaceNode (XmlNode n) { 
            return IsDefaultNamespaceNode(n) && n.Value.Length == 0;
        } 
 
        internal static string GetNamespacePrefix (XmlAttribute a) {
            Debug.Assert(IsNamespaceNode(a) || IsXmlNamespaceNode(a)); 
            return a.Prefix.Length == 0 ? string.Empty : a.LocalName;
        }

        internal static bool HasNamespacePrefix (XmlAttribute a, string nsPrefix) { 
            return GetNamespacePrefix(a).Equals(nsPrefix);
        } 
 
        internal static bool IsNonRedundantNamespaceDecl (XmlAttribute a, XmlAttribute nearestAncestorWithSamePrefix) {
            if (nearestAncestorWithSamePrefix == null) 
                return !IsEmptyDefaultNamespaceNode(a);
            else
                return !nearestAncestorWithSamePrefix.Value.Equals(a.Value);
        } 

        internal static bool IsXmlPrefixDefinitionNode (XmlAttribute a) { 
            return false; 
//            return a.Prefix.Equals("xmlns") && a.LocalName.Equals("xml") && a.Value.Equals(NamespaceUrlForXmlPrefix);
        } 

        internal static String DiscardWhiteSpaces (string inputBuffer) {
            return DiscardWhiteSpaces(inputBuffer, 0, inputBuffer.Length);
        } 

 
        internal static String DiscardWhiteSpaces (string inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount) { 
            int i, iCount = 0;
            for (i=0; i 0) {
                output.Write(bytes, 0, numBytes); 
                totalBytes += numBytes;
            } 
 
            return totalBytes;
        } 

        internal static Hashtable TokenizePrefixListString (string s) {
            Hashtable set = new Hashtable();
            if (s != null) { 
                string[] prefixes = s.Split(null);
                foreach (string prefix in prefixes) { 
                    if (prefix.Equals("#default")) { 
                        set.Add(string.Empty, true);
                    } else if (prefix.Length > 0) { 
                        set.Add(prefix, true);
                    }
                }
            } 
            return set;
        } 
 
        internal static string EscapeWhitespaceData(string data) {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); 
            sb.Append(data);
            Utils.SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 13,"
");
            return sb.ToString();;
        } 

        internal static string EscapeTextData(string data) { 
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); 
            sb.Append(data);
            sb.Replace("&", "&"); 
            sb.Replace("<", "<");
            sb.Replace(">", ">");
            SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 13, "
");
            return sb.ToString();; 
        }
 
        internal static string EscapeCData(string data) { 
            return EscapeTextData(data);
        } 

        internal static string EscapeAttributeValue(string value) {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.Append(value); 
            sb.Replace("&", "&");
            sb.Replace("<", "<"); 
            sb.Replace("\"", """); 
            SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 9, "	");
            SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 10, "
"); 
            SBReplaceCharWithString(sb, (char) 13, "
");
            return sb.ToString();
        }
 
        internal static XmlDocument GetOwnerDocument (XmlNodeList nodeList) {
            foreach (XmlNode node in nodeList) { 
                if (node.OwnerDocument != null) 
                    return node.OwnerDocument;
            } 
            return null;
        }

        internal static void AddNamespaces (XmlElement elem, CanonicalXmlNodeList namespaces) { 
            if (namespaces != null) {
                foreach (XmlNode attrib in namespaces) { 
                    string name = ((attrib.Prefix.Length > 0) ? attrib.Prefix + ":" + attrib.LocalName : attrib.LocalName); 
                    // Skip the attribute if one with the same qualified name already exists
                    if (elem.HasAttribute(name) || (name.Equals("xmlns") && elem.Prefix.Length == 0)) continue; 
                    XmlAttribute nsattrib = (XmlAttribute) elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute(name);
                    nsattrib.Value = attrib.Value;
                    elem.SetAttributeNode(nsattrib);
                } 
            }
        } 
 
        internal static void AddNamespaces (XmlElement elem, Hashtable namespaces) {
            if (namespaces != null) { 
                foreach (string key in namespaces.Keys) {
                    if (elem.HasAttribute(key)) continue;
                    XmlAttribute nsattrib = (XmlAttribute) elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute(key);
                    nsattrib.Value = namespaces[key] as string; 
                    elem.SetAttributeNode(nsattrib);
                } 
            } 
        }
 
        // This method gets the attributes that should be propagated
        internal static CanonicalXmlNodeList GetPropagatedAttributes (XmlElement elem) {
            if (elem == null)
                return null; 

            CanonicalXmlNodeList namespaces = new CanonicalXmlNodeList(); 
            XmlNode ancestorNode = elem; 

            if (ancestorNode == null) return null; 

            bool bDefNamespaceToAdd = true;

            while (ancestorNode != null) { 
                XmlElement ancestorElement = ancestorNode as XmlElement;
                if (ancestorElement == null) { 
                    ancestorNode = ancestorNode.ParentNode; 
                    continue;
                } 
                if (!Utils.IsCommittedNamespace(ancestorElement, ancestorElement.Prefix, ancestorElement.NamespaceURI)) {
                    // Add the namespace attribute to the collection if needed
                    if (!Utils.IsRedundantNamespace(ancestorElement, ancestorElement.Prefix, ancestorElement.NamespaceURI)) {
                        string name = ((ancestorElement.Prefix.Length > 0) ? "xmlns:" + ancestorElement.Prefix : "xmlns"); 
                        XmlAttribute nsattrib = elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute(name);
                        nsattrib.Value = ancestorElement.NamespaceURI; 
                        namespaces.Add(nsattrib); 
                    }
                } 
                if (ancestorElement.HasAttributes) {
                    XmlAttributeCollection attribs = ancestorElement.Attributes;
                    foreach (XmlAttribute attrib in attribs) {
                        // Add a default namespace if necessary 
                        if (bDefNamespaceToAdd && attrib.LocalName == "xmlns") {
                            XmlAttribute nsattrib = elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute("xmlns"); 
                            nsattrib.Value = attrib.Value; 
                            namespaces.Add(nsattrib);
                            bDefNamespaceToAdd = false; 
                            continue;
                        }
                        // retain the declarations of type 'xml:*' as well
                        if (attrib.Prefix == "xmlns" || attrib.Prefix == "xml") { 
                            namespaces.Add(attrib);
                            continue; 
                        } 
                        if (attrib.NamespaceURI.Length > 0) {
                            if (!Utils.IsCommittedNamespace(ancestorElement, attrib.Prefix, attrib.NamespaceURI)) { 
                                // Add the namespace attribute to the collection if needed
                                if (!Utils.IsRedundantNamespace(ancestorElement, attrib.Prefix, attrib.NamespaceURI)) {
                                    string name = ((attrib.Prefix.Length > 0) ? "xmlns:" + attrib.Prefix : "xmlns");
                                    XmlAttribute nsattrib = elem.OwnerDocument.CreateAttribute(name); 
                                    nsattrib.Value = attrib.NamespaceURI;
                                    namespaces.Add(nsattrib); 
                                } 
                            }
                        } 
                    }
                }
                ancestorNode = ancestorNode.ParentNode;
            } 

            return namespaces; 
        } 

        // output of this routine is always big endian 
        internal static byte[] ConvertIntToByteArray (int dwInput) {
            byte[] rgbTemp = new byte[8]; // int can never be greater than Int64
            int t1;  // t1 is remaining value to account for
            int t2;  // t2 is t1 % 256 
            int i = 0;
 
            if (dwInput == 0) return new byte[1]; 
            t1 = dwInput;
            while (t1 > 0) { 
                t2 = t1 % 256;
                rgbTemp[i] = (byte) t2;
                t1 = (t1 - t2)/256;
                i++; 
            }
            // Now, copy only the non-zero part of rgbTemp and reverse 
            byte[] rgbOutput = new byte[i]; 
            // copy and reverse in one pass
            for (int j = 0; j < i; j++) { 
                rgbOutput[j] = rgbTemp[i-j-1];
            }
            return rgbOutput;
        } 

        internal static int GetHexArraySize (byte[] hex) { 
            int index = hex.Length; 
            while (index-- > 0) {
                if (hex[index] != 0) 
                    break;
            }
            return index + 1;
        } 

        internal static X509Certificate2Collection BuildBagOfCerts (KeyInfoX509Data keyInfoX509Data, CertUsageType certUsageType) { 
            X509Certificate2Collection collection = new X509Certificate2Collection(); 
            ArrayList decryptionIssuerSerials = (certUsageType == CertUsageType.Decryption ? new ArrayList() : null);
            if (keyInfoX509Data.Certificates != null) { 
                foreach (X509Certificate2 certificate in keyInfoX509Data.Certificates) {
                    switch (certUsageType) {
                    case CertUsageType.Verification:
                        collection.Add(certificate); 
                        break;
                    case CertUsageType.Decryption: 
                        decryptionIssuerSerials.Add(new X509IssuerSerial(certificate.IssuerName.Name, certificate.SerialNumber)); 
                        break;
                    } 
                }
            }

            if (keyInfoX509Data.SubjectNames == null && keyInfoX509Data.IssuerSerials == null && 
                keyInfoX509Data.SubjectKeyIds == null && decryptionIssuerSerials == null)
                return collection; 
 
            // Open LocalMachine and CurrentUser "Other People"/"My" stores.
 
            // Assert OpenStore since we are not giving back any certificates to the user.
            StorePermission sp = new StorePermission(StorePermissionFlags.OpenStore);
            sp.Assert();
 
            X509Store[] stores = new X509Store[2];
            string storeName = (certUsageType == CertUsageType.Verification ? "AddressBook" : "My"); 
            stores[0] = new X509Store(storeName, StoreLocation.CurrentUser); 
            stores[1] = new X509Store(storeName, StoreLocation.LocalMachine);
 
            for (int index=0; index < stores.Length; index++) {
                if (stores[index] != null) {
                    X509Certificate2Collection filters = null;
                    // We don't care if we can't open the store. 
                    try {
                        stores[index].Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly); 
                        filters = stores[index].Certificates; 
                        stores[index].Close();
                        if (keyInfoX509Data.SubjectNames != null) { 
                            foreach (string subjectName in keyInfoX509Data.SubjectNames) {
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindBySubjectDistinguishedName, subjectName, false);
                            }
                        } 
                        if (keyInfoX509Data.IssuerSerials != null) {
                            foreach (X509IssuerSerial issuerSerial in keyInfoX509Data.IssuerSerials) { 
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindByIssuerDistinguishedName, issuerSerial.IssuerName, false); 
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindBySerialNumber, issuerSerial.SerialNumber, false);
                            } 
                        }
                        if (keyInfoX509Data.SubjectKeyIds != null) {
                            foreach (byte[] ski in keyInfoX509Data.SubjectKeyIds) {
                                string hex = X509Utils.EncodeHexString(ski); 
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindBySubjectKeyIdentifier, hex, false);
                            } 
                        } 
                        if (decryptionIssuerSerials != null) {
                            foreach (X509IssuerSerial issuerSerial in decryptionIssuerSerials) { 
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindByIssuerDistinguishedName, issuerSerial.IssuerName, false);
                                filters = filters.Find(X509FindType.FindBySerialNumber, issuerSerial.SerialNumber, false);
                            }
                        } 
                    }
                    catch (CryptographicException) {} 
 
                    if (filters != null)
                        collection.AddRange(filters); 
                }
            }

            return collection; 
        }
    } 
} 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

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