RouteParser.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ 4.0 / 4.0 / untmp / DEVDIV_TFS / Dev10 / Releases / RTMRel / ndp / fx / src / xsp / System / Web / Routing / RouteParser.cs / 1305376 / RouteParser.cs

                            namespace System.Web.Routing { 
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.Diagnostics;
    using System.Globalization;
    using System.Linq; 

    internal static class RouteParser { 
        private static string GetLiteral(string segmentLiteral) { 
            // Scan for errant single { and } and convert double {{ to { and double }} to }
 
            // First we eliminate all escaped braces and then check if any other braces are remaining
            string newLiteral = segmentLiteral.Replace("{{", "").Replace("}}", "");
            if (newLiteral.Contains("{") || newLiteral.Contains("}")) {
                return null; 
            }
 
            // If it's a valid format, we unescape the braces 
            return segmentLiteral.Replace("{{", "{").Replace("}}", "}");
        } 

        private static int IndexOfFirstOpenParameter(string segment, int startIndex) {
            // Find the first unescaped open brace
            while (true) { 
                startIndex = segment.IndexOf('{', startIndex);
                if (startIndex == -1) { 
                    // If there are no more open braces, stop 
                    return -1;
                } 
                if ((startIndex + 1 == segment.Length) ||
                    ((startIndex + 1 < segment.Length) && (segment[startIndex + 1] != '{'))) {
                    // If we found an open brace that is followed by a non-open brace, it's
                    // a parameter delimiter. 
                    // It's also a delimiter if the open brace is the last character - though
                    // it ends up being being called out as invalid later on. 
                    return startIndex; 
                }
                // Increment by two since we want to skip both the open brace that 
                // we're on as well as the subsequent character since we know for
                // sure that it is part of an escape sequence.
                startIndex += 2;
            } 
        }
 
        internal static bool IsSeparator(string s) { 
            return String.Equals(s, "/", StringComparison.Ordinal);
        } 

        private static bool IsValidParameterName(string parameterName) {
            if (parameterName.Length == 0) {
                return false; 
            }
 
            for (int i = 0; i < parameterName.Length; i++) { 
                char c = parameterName[i];
                if (c == '/' || c == '{' || c == '}') { 
                    return false;
                }
            }
 
            return true;
        } 
 
        public static ParsedRoute Parse(string routeUrl) {
            if (routeUrl == null) { 
                routeUrl = String.Empty;
            }

            if ((routeUrl.StartsWith("~", StringComparison.Ordinal) || 
                routeUrl.StartsWith("/", StringComparison.Ordinal) ||
                (routeUrl.IndexOf('?') != -1))) { 
                throw new ArgumentException(SR.GetString(SR.Route_InvalidRouteUrl), "routeUrl"); 
            }
 
            IList urlParts = SplitUrlToPathSegmentStrings(routeUrl);
            Exception ex = ValidateUrlParts(urlParts);
            if (ex != null) {
                throw ex; 
            }
 
            IList pathSegments = SplitUrlToPathSegments(urlParts); 

            Debug.Assert(urlParts.Count == pathSegments.Count, "The number of string segments should be the same as the number of path segments"); 

            return new ParsedRoute(pathSegments);
        }
 
        [System.Diagnostics.CodeAnalysis.SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Usage", "CA2208:InstantiateArgumentExceptionsCorrectly",
            Justification = "The exceptions are just constructed here, but they are thrown from a method that does have those parameter names.")] 
        private static IList ParseUrlSegment(string segment, out Exception exception) { 
            int startIndex = 0;
 
            List pathSubsegments = new List();

            while (startIndex < segment.Length) {
                int nextParameterStart = IndexOfFirstOpenParameter(segment, startIndex); 
                if (nextParameterStart == -1) {
                    // If there are no more parameters in the segment, capture the remainder as a literal and stop 
                    string lastLiteralPart = GetLiteral(segment.Substring(startIndex)); 
                    if (lastLiteralPart == null) {
                        exception = new ArgumentException( 
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture,
                                SR.GetString(SR.Route_MismatchedParameter),
                                segment 
                            ),
                            "routeUrl"); 
                        return null; 
                    }
                    if (lastLiteralPart.Length > 0) { 
                        pathSubsegments.Add(new LiteralSubsegment(lastLiteralPart));
                    }
                    break;
                } 

                int nextParameterEnd = segment.IndexOf('}', nextParameterStart + 1); 
                if (nextParameterEnd == -1) { 
                    exception = new ArgumentException(
                        String.Format( 
                            CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture,
                            SR.GetString(SR.Route_MismatchedParameter),
                            segment
                        ), 
                        "routeUrl");
                    return null; 
                } 

                string literalPart = GetLiteral(segment.Substring(startIndex, nextParameterStart - startIndex)); 
                if (literalPart == null) {
                    exception = new ArgumentException(
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture, 
                            SR.GetString(SR.Route_MismatchedParameter),
                            segment 
                        ), 
                        "routeUrl");
                    return null; 
                }
                if (literalPart.Length > 0) {
                    pathSubsegments.Add(new LiteralSubsegment(literalPart));
                } 

                string parameterName = segment.Substring(nextParameterStart + 1, nextParameterEnd - nextParameterStart - 1); 
                pathSubsegments.Add(new ParameterSubsegment(parameterName)); 

                startIndex = nextParameterEnd + 1; 
            }

            exception = null;
            return pathSubsegments; 
        }
 
        private static IList SplitUrlToPathSegments(IList urlParts) { 
            List pathSegments = new List();
 
            foreach (string pathSegment in urlParts) {
                bool isCurrentPartSeparator = IsSeparator(pathSegment);
                if (isCurrentPartSeparator) {
                    pathSegments.Add(new SeparatorPathSegment()); 
                }
                else { 
                    Exception exception; 
                    IList subsegments = ParseUrlSegment(pathSegment, out exception);
                    Debug.Assert(exception == null, "This only gets called after the path has been validated, so there should never be an exception here"); 
                    pathSegments.Add(new ContentPathSegment(subsegments));
                }
            }
            return pathSegments; 
        }
 
        internal static IList SplitUrlToPathSegmentStrings(string url) { 
            List parts = new List();
 
            if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(url)) {
                return parts;
            }
 
            int currentIndex = 0;
 
            // Split the incoming URL into individual parts 
            while (currentIndex < url.Length) {
                int indexOfNextSeparator = url.IndexOf('/', currentIndex); 
                if (indexOfNextSeparator == -1) {
                    // If there are no more separators, the rest of the string is the last part
                    string finalPart = url.Substring(currentIndex);
                    if (finalPart.Length > 0) { 
                        parts.Add(finalPart);
                    } 
                    break; 
                }
 
                string nextPart = url.Substring(currentIndex, indexOfNextSeparator - currentIndex);
                if (nextPart.Length > 0) {
                    parts.Add(nextPart);
                } 
                Debug.Assert(url[indexOfNextSeparator] == '/', "The separator char itself should always be a '/'.");
                parts.Add("/"); 
                currentIndex = indexOfNextSeparator + 1; 
            }
 
            return parts;
        }

        [System.Diagnostics.CodeAnalysis.SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Usage", "CA2208:InstantiateArgumentExceptionsCorrectly", 
            Justification = "The exceptions are just constructed here, but they are thrown from a method that does have those parameter names.")]
        private static Exception ValidateUrlParts(IList pathSegments) { 
            Debug.Assert(pathSegments != null, "The value should always come from SplitUrl(), and that function should never return null."); 

            HashSet usedParameterNames = new HashSet(StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase); 
            bool? isPreviousPartSeparator = null;

            bool foundCatchAllParameter = false;
 
            foreach (string pathSegment in pathSegments) {
                if (foundCatchAllParameter) { 
                    // If we ever start an iteration of the loop and we've already found a 
                    // catchall parameter then we have an invalid URL format.
                    return new ArgumentException( 
                        String.Format(
                            CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture,
                            SR.GetString(SR.Route_CatchAllMustBeLast)
                        ), 
                        "routeUrl");
                } 
 
                bool isCurrentPartSeparator;
                if (isPreviousPartSeparator == null) { 
                    // Prime the loop with the first value
                    isPreviousPartSeparator = IsSeparator(pathSegment);
                    isCurrentPartSeparator = isPreviousPartSeparator.Value;
                } 
                else {
                    isCurrentPartSeparator = IsSeparator(pathSegment); 
 
                    // If both the previous part and the current part are separators, it's invalid
                    if (isCurrentPartSeparator && isPreviousPartSeparator.Value) { 
                        return new ArgumentException(SR.GetString(SR.Route_CannotHaveConsecutiveSeparators), "routeUrl");
                    }
                    Debug.Assert(isCurrentPartSeparator != isPreviousPartSeparator.Value, "This assert should only happen if both the current and previous parts are non-separators. This should never happen because consecutive non-separators are always parsed as a single part.");
                    isPreviousPartSeparator = isCurrentPartSeparator; 
                }
 
                // If it's not a separator, parse the segment for parameters and validate it 
                if (!isCurrentPartSeparator) {
                    Exception exception; 
                    IList subsegments = ParseUrlSegment(pathSegment, out exception);
                    if (exception != null) {
                        return exception;
                    } 
                    exception = ValidateUrlSegment(subsegments, usedParameterNames, pathSegment);
                    if (exception != null) { 
                        return exception; 
                    }
 
                    foundCatchAllParameter = subsegments.Any(seg => (seg is ParameterSubsegment) && (((ParameterSubsegment)seg).IsCatchAll));
                }
            }
            return null; 
        }
 
        [System.Diagnostics.CodeAnalysis.SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Usage", "CA2208:InstantiateArgumentExceptionsCorrectly", 
            Justification = "The exceptions are just constructed here, but they are thrown from a method that does have those parameter names.")]
        private static Exception ValidateUrlSegment(IList pathSubsegments, HashSet usedParameterNames, string pathSegment) { 
            bool segmentContainsCatchAll = false;

            Type previousSegmentType = null;
 
            foreach (PathSubsegment subsegment in pathSubsegments) {
                if (previousSegmentType != null) { 
                    if (previousSegmentType == subsegment.GetType()) { 
                        return new ArgumentException(
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture,
                                SR.GetString(SR.Route_CannotHaveConsecutiveParameters)
                            ),
                            "routeUrl"); 
                    }
                } 
                previousSegmentType = subsegment.GetType(); 

                LiteralSubsegment literalSubsegment = subsegment as LiteralSubsegment; 
                if (literalSubsegment != null) {
                    // Nothing to validate for literals - everything is valid
                }
                else { 
                    ParameterSubsegment parameterSubsegment = subsegment as ParameterSubsegment;
                    if (parameterSubsegment != null) { 
                        string parameterName = parameterSubsegment.ParameterName; 

                        if (parameterSubsegment.IsCatchAll) { 
                            segmentContainsCatchAll = true;
                        }

                        // Check for valid characters in the parameter name 
                        if (!IsValidParameterName(parameterName)) {
                            return new ArgumentException( 
                                String.Format( 
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture,
                                    SR.GetString(SR.Route_InvalidParameterName), 
                                    parameterName
                                ),
                                "routeUrl");
                        } 

                        if (usedParameterNames.Contains(parameterName)) { 
                            return new ArgumentException( 
                                String.Format(
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture, 
                                    SR.GetString(SR.Route_RepeatedParameter),
                                    parameterName
                                ),
                                "routeUrl"); 
                        }
                        else { 
                            usedParameterNames.Add(parameterName); 
                        }
                    } 
                    else {
                        Debug.Fail("Invalid path subsegment type");
                    }
                } 
            }
 
            if (segmentContainsCatchAll && (pathSubsegments.Count != 1)) { 
                return new ArgumentException(
                    String.Format( 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture,
                        SR.GetString(SR.Route_CannotHaveCatchAllInMultiSegment)
                    ),
                    "routeUrl"); 
            }
 
            return null; 
        }
    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
                        

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