HijriCalendar.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / 3.5.1 / DEVDIV / depot / DevDiv / releases / whidbey / NetFXspW7 / ndp / clr / src / BCL / System / Globalization / HijriCalendar.cs / 1 / HijriCalendar.cs

                            // ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 
namespace System.Globalization {
 
    using System; 
    using System.Runtime.Versioning;
#if FEATURE_PAL 
    using System.Text;
    using Microsoft.Win32;
#endif // FEATURE_PAL
 
    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    // 
    //  Rules for the Hijri calendar: 
    //    - The Hijri calendar is a strictly Lunar calendar.
    //    - Days begin at sunset. 
    //    - Islamic Year 1 (Muharram 1, 1 A.H.) is equivalent to absolute date
    //        227015 (Friday, July 16, 622 C.E. - Julian).
    //    - Leap Years occur in the 2, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 18, 21, 24, 26, & 29th
    //        years of a 30-year cycle.  Year = leap iff ((11y+14) mod 30 < 11). 
    //    - There are 12 months which contain alternately 30 and 29 days.
    //    - The 12th month, Dhu al-Hijjah, contains 30 days instead of 29 days 
    //        in a leap year. 
    //    - Common years have 354 days.  Leap years have 355 days.
    //    - There are 10,631 days in a 30-year cycle. 
    //    - The Islamic months are:
    //        1.  Muharram   (30 days)     7.  Rajab          (30 days)
    //        2.  Safar      (29 days)     8.  Sha'ban        (29 days)
    //        3.  Rabi I     (30 days)     9.  Ramadan        (30 days) 
    //        4.  Rabi II    (29 days)     10. Shawwal        (29 days)
    //        5.  Jumada I   (30 days)     11. Dhu al-Qada    (30 days) 
    //        6.  Jumada II  (29 days)     12. Dhu al-Hijjah  (29 days) {30} 
    //
    //  NOTENOTE 
    //      The calculation of the HijriCalendar is based on the absolute date.  And the
    //      absolute date means the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D.
    //      Therefore, we do not support the days before the January 1st, 1 A.D.
    // 
    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
     /* 
     **  Calendar support range: 
     **      Calendar    Minimum     Maximum
     **      ==========  ==========  ========== 
     **      Gregorian   0622/07/18   9999/12/31
     **      Hijri       0001/01/01   9666/04/03
     */
 
    [Serializable]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)] 
    public class HijriCalendar : Calendar { 

 
        public static readonly int HijriEra = 1;

        internal const int DatePartYear = 0;
        internal const int DatePartDayOfYear = 1; 
        internal const int DatePartMonth = 2;
        internal const int DatePartDay = 3; 
 
        internal const int MinAdvancedHijri = -2;
        internal const int MaxAdvancedHijri = 2; 

        internal static readonly int[] HijriMonthDays = {0,30,59,89,118,148,177,207,236,266,295,325,355};

        //internal static Calendar m_defaultInstance; 

#if !FEATURE_PAL 
        private static String m_InternationalRegKey = "Control Panel\\International"; 
#endif //!FEATURE_PAL
        private static String m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry = "AddHijriDate"; 

        private int m_HijriAdvance = Int32.MinValue;

        // DateTime.MaxValue = Hijri calendar (year:9666, month: 4, day: 3). 
        internal const int MaxCalendarYear = 9666;
        internal const int MaxCalendarMonth = 4; 
        internal const int MaxCalendarDay = 3; 
        // Hijri calendar (year: 1, month: 1, day:1 ) = Gregorian (year: 622, month: 7, day: 18)
        // This is the minimal Gregorian date that we support in the HijriCalendar. 
        internal static readonly DateTime calendarMinValue = new DateTime(622, 7, 18);
        internal static readonly DateTime calendarMaxValue = DateTime.MaxValue;

 
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override DateTime MinSupportedDateTime 
        { 
            get
            { 
                return (calendarMinValue);
            }
        }
 

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public override DateTime MaxSupportedDateTime 
        {
            get 
            {
                return (calendarMaxValue);
            }
        } 

        // Return the type of the Hijri calendar. 
        // 

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public override CalendarAlgorithmType AlgorithmType
        {
            get
            { 
                return CalendarAlgorithmType.LunarCalendar;
            } 
        } 

        /*=================================GetDefaultInstance========================== 
        **Action: Internal method to provide a default intance of HijriCalendar.  Used by NLS+ implementation
        **       and other calendars.
        **Returns:
        **Arguments: 
        **Exceptions:
        ============================================================================*/ 
        /* 
        internal static Calendar GetDefaultInstance() {
            if (m_defaultInstance == null) { 
                m_defaultInstance = new HijriCalendar();
            }
            return (m_defaultInstance);
        } 
        */
 
        // Construct an instance of Hijri calendar. 

        public HijriCalendar() { 
        }

        internal override int ID {
            get { 
                return (CAL_HIJRI);
            } 
        } 

        /*=================================GetAbsoluteDateHijri========================== 
        **Action: Gets the Absolute date for the given Hijri date.  The absolute date means
        **       the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D.
        **Returns:
        **Arguments: 
        **Exceptions:
        ============================================================================*/ 
 
        long GetAbsoluteDateHijri(int y, int m, int d) {
            return (long)(DaysUpToHijriYear(y) + HijriMonthDays[m-1] + d - 1 - HijriAdjustment); 
        }

        /*=================================DaysUpToHijriYear==========================
        **Action: Gets the total number of days (absolute date) up to the given Hijri Year. 
        **       The absolute date means the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D.
        **Returns: Gets the total number of days (absolute date) up to the given Hijri Year. 
        **Arguments: HijriYear year value in Hijri calendar. 
        **Exceptions: None
        **Notes: 
        ============================================================================*/

        long DaysUpToHijriYear(int HijriYear) {
            long NumDays;           // number of absolute days 
            int NumYear30;         // number of years up to current 30 year cycle
            int NumYearsLeft;      // number of years into 30 year cycle 
 
            //
            //  Compute the number of years up to the current 30 year cycle. 
            //
            NumYear30 = ((HijriYear - 1) / 30) * 30;

            // 
            //  Compute the number of years left.  This is the number of years
            //  into the 30 year cycle for the given year. 
            // 
            NumYearsLeft = HijriYear - NumYear30 - 1;
 
            //
            //  Compute the number of absolute days up to the given year.
            //
            NumDays = ((NumYear30 * 10631L) / 30L) + 227013L; 
            while (NumYearsLeft > 0) {
                // Common year is 354 days, and leap year is 355 days. 
                NumDays += 354 + (IsLeapYear(NumYearsLeft, CurrentEra) ? 1: 0); 
                NumYearsLeft--;
            } 

            //
            //  Return the number of absolute days.
            // 
            return (NumDays);
        } 
 

        public int HijriAdjustment { 
            get {
                if (m_HijriAdvance == Int32.MinValue) {
                    // Never been set before.  Use the system value from registry.
                    m_HijriAdvance = GetAdvanceHijriDate(); 
                }
                return (m_HijriAdvance); 
            } 

            set { 
                VerifyWritable();

                // NOTE: Check the value of Min/MaxAdavncedHijri with Arabic speakers to see if the assumption is good.
                if (value < MinAdvancedHijri || value > MaxAdvancedHijri) { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                                "HijriAdjustment", 
                                String.Format( 
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Bounds_Lower_Upper"), 
                                    MinAdvancedHijri,
                                    MaxAdvancedHijri));
                }
                m_HijriAdvance = value; 
            }
        } 
 
        /*=================================GetAdvanceHijriDate==========================
        **Action: Gets the AddHijriDate value from the registry. 
        **Returns:
        **Arguments:    None.
        **Exceptions:
        **Note: 
        **  The HijriCalendar has a user-overidable calculation.  That is, use can set a value from the control
        **  panel, so that the calculation of the Hijri Calendar can move ahead or backwards from -2 to +2 days. 
        ** 
        **  The valid string values in the registry are:
        **      "AddHijriDate-2"  =>  Add -2 days to the current calculated Hijri date. 
        **      "AddHijriDate"    =>  Add -1 day to the current calculated Hijri date.
        **      ""              =>  Add 0 day to the current calculated Hijri date.
        **      "AddHijriDate+1"  =>  Add +1 days to the current calculated Hijri date.
        **      "AddHijriDate+2"  =>  Add +2 days to the current calculated Hijri date. 
        ============================================================================*/
        [ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.None)] 
        [ResourceConsumption(ResourceScope.Machine, ResourceScope.Machine)] 
        int GetAdvanceHijriDate() {
#if !FEATURE_PAL 

            int hijriAdvance = 0;
            Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey key = null;
 
            try {
                // Open in read-only mode. 
                // Use InternalOpenSubKey so that we avoid the security check. 
                key = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.CurrentUser.InternalOpenSubKey(m_InternationalRegKey, false);
            } 
            //If this fails for any reason, we'll just return 0.
            catch (ObjectDisposedException) { return 0; }
            catch (ArgumentException) { return 0; }
 
            if (key != null) {
                try { 
                    Object value = key.InternalGetValue(m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry, null, false, false); 
                    if (value == null) {
                        return (0); 
                    }
                    String str = value.ToString();
                    if (String.Compare(str, 0, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry, 0, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) == 0) {
                        if (str.Length == m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length) 
                            hijriAdvance = -1;
                        else { 
                            str = str.Substring(m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length); 
                            try {
                                int advance = Int32.Parse(str.ToString(), CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 
                                if ((advance >= MinAdvancedHijri) && (advance <= MaxAdvancedHijri)) {
                                    hijriAdvance = advance;
                                }
                            } 
                            // If we got garbage from registry just ignore it.
                            // hijriAdvance = 0 because of declaraction assignment up above. 
                            catch (ArgumentException) { } 
                            catch (FormatException) { }
                            catch (OverflowException) { } 
                        }
                    }
                }
                finally { 
                    key.Close();
                } 
 
            }
            return (hijriAdvance); 

#else //!FEATURE_PAL

            int hijriAdvance = 0; 

            const int parameterValueLength = 255; 
            StringBuilder parameterValue = new StringBuilder(parameterValueLength); 
            bool rc = Win32Native.FetchConfigurationString(true, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry, parameterValue, parameterValueLength);
            if( rc ) 
            {
                String str = parameterValue.ToString();
                if (String.Compare(str, 0, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry, 0, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length, true, CultureInfo.InvariantCulture) == 0) {
                    if (str.Length == m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length) 
                        hijriAdvance = -1;
                    else { 
                        str = str.Substring(m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length); 
                        try {
                            int advance = Int32.Parse(str.ToString(), CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 
                            if ((advance >= MinAdvancedHijri) && (advance <= MaxAdvancedHijri)) {
                                hijriAdvance = advance;
                            }
                        } 
                        // If we got garbage from registry just ignore it.
                        // hijriAdvance = 0 because of declaraction assignment up above. 
                        catch (ArgumentException) { } 
                        catch (FormatException) { }
                        catch (OverflowException) { } 
                    }
                }
            }
 
            return (hijriAdvance);
#endif // !FEATURE_PAL 
        } 

        internal void CheckTicksRange(long ticks) { 
            if (ticks < calendarMinValue.Ticks || ticks > calendarMaxValue.Ticks) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "time",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.InvariantCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_CalendarRange"), 
                                calendarMinValue, 
                                calendarMaxValue));
            } 
        }

        internal void CheckEraRange(int era) {
            if (era != CurrentEra && era != HijriEra) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
            } 
        } 

        internal void CheckYearRange(int year, int era) { 
            CheckEraRange(era);
            if (year < 1 || year > MaxCalendarYear) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year", 
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                1,
                                MaxCalendarYear)); 
            }
        }

        internal void CheckYearMonthRange(int year, int month, int era) { 
            CheckYearRange(year, era);
            if (year == MaxCalendarYear) { 
                if (month > MaxCalendarMonth) { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                                "month", 
                                String.Format(
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                                    1, 
                                    MaxCalendarMonth));
                } 
            } 

            if (month < 1 || month > 12) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("month", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Month"));
            }
        }
 
        /*=================================GetDatePart==========================
        **Action: Returns a given date part of this DateTime. This method is used 
        **       to compute the year, day-of-year, month, or day part. 
        **Returns:
        **Arguments: 
        **Exceptions:  ArgumentException if part is incorrect.
        **Notes:
        **      First, we get the absolute date (the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.C) for the given ticks.
        **      Use the formula (((AbsoluteDate - 227013) * 30) / 10631) + 1, we can a rough value for the Hijri year. 
        **      In order to get the exact Hijri year, we compare the exact absolute date for HijriYear and (HijriYear + 1).
        **      From here, we can get the correct Hijri year. 
        ============================================================================*/ 

        internal virtual int GetDatePart(long ticks, int part) { 
            int HijriYear;                   // Hijri year
            int HijriMonth;                  // Hijri month
            int HijriDay;                    // Hijri day
            long NumDays;                 // The calculation buffer in number of days. 

            CheckTicksRange(ticks); 
 
            //
            //  Get the absolute date.  The absolute date is the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D. 
            //  1/1/0001 is absolute date 1.
            //
            NumDays = ticks / GregorianCalendar.TicksPerDay + 1;
 
            //
            //  See how much we need to backup or advance 
            // 
            NumDays += HijriAdjustment;
 
            //
            //  Calculate the appromixate Hijri Year from this magic formula.
            //
            HijriYear = (int)(((NumDays - 227013) * 30) / 10631) + 1; 

            long daysToHijriYear = DaysUpToHijriYear(HijriYear);            // The absoulte date for HijriYear 
            long daysOfHijriYear = GetDaysInYear(HijriYear, CurrentEra);    // The number of days for (HijriYear+1) year. 

            if (NumDays < daysToHijriYear) { 
                daysToHijriYear -= daysOfHijriYear;
                HijriYear--;
            } else if (NumDays == daysToHijriYear) {
                HijriYear--; 
                daysToHijriYear -= GetDaysInYear(HijriYear, CurrentEra);
            } else { 
                if (NumDays > daysToHijriYear + daysOfHijriYear) { 
                    daysToHijriYear += daysOfHijriYear;
                    HijriYear++; 
                }
            }
            if (part == DatePartYear) {
                return (HijriYear); 
            }
 
            // 
            //  Calculate the Hijri Month.
            // 

            HijriMonth = 1;
            NumDays -= daysToHijriYear;
 
            if (part == DatePartDayOfYear) {
                return ((int)NumDays); 
            } 

            while ((HijriMonth <= 12) && (NumDays > HijriMonthDays[HijriMonth - 1])) { 
                HijriMonth++;
            }
            HijriMonth--;
 
            if (part == DatePartMonth) {
                return (HijriMonth); 
            } 

            // 
            //  Calculate the Hijri Day.
            //
            HijriDay = (int)(NumDays - HijriMonthDays[HijriMonth - 1]);
 
            if (part == DatePartDay) {
                return (HijriDay); 
            } 
            // Incorrect part value.
            throw new InvalidOperationException(Environment.GetResourceString("InvalidOperation_DateTimeParsing")); 
        }

        // Returns the DateTime resulting from adding the given number of
        // months to the specified DateTime. The result is computed by incrementing 
        // (or decrementing) the year and month parts of the specified DateTime by
        // value months, and, if required, adjusting the day part of the 
        // resulting date downwards to the last day of the resulting month in the 
        // resulting year. The time-of-day part of the result is the same as the
        // time-of-day part of the specified DateTime. 
        //
        // In more precise terms, considering the specified DateTime to be of the
        // form y / m / d + t, where y is the
        // year, m is the month, d is the day, and t is the 
        // time-of-day, the result is y1 / m1 / d1 + t,
        // where y1 and m1 are computed by adding value months 
        // to y and m, and d1 is the largest value less than 
        // or equal to d that denotes a valid day in month m1 of year
        // y1. 
        //

        public override DateTime AddMonths(DateTime time, int months) {
            if (months < -120000 || months > 120000) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "months", 
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                -120000,
                                120000));
            }
            // Get the date in Hijri calendar. 
            int y = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartYear);
            int m = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartMonth); 
            int d = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDay); 
            int i = m - 1 + months;
            if (i >= 0) { 
                m = i % 12 + 1;
                y = y + i / 12;
            } else {
                m = 12 + (i + 1) % 12; 
                y = y + (i - 11) / 12;
            } 
            int days = GetDaysInMonth(y, m); 
            if (d > days) {
                d = days; 
            }
            long ticks = GetAbsoluteDateHijri(y, m, d)* TicksPerDay + (time.Ticks % TicksPerDay);
            Calendar.CheckAddResult(ticks, MinSupportedDateTime, MaxSupportedDateTime);
            return (new DateTime(ticks)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the DateTime resulting from adding the given number of 
        // years to the specified DateTime. The result is computed by incrementing
        // (or decrementing) the year part of the specified DateTime by value 
        // years. If the month and day of the specified DateTime is 2/29, and if the
        // resulting year is not a leap year, the month and day of the resulting
        // DateTime becomes 2/28. Otherwise, the month, day, and time-of-day
        // parts of the result are the same as those of the specified DateTime. 
        //
 
        public override DateTime AddYears(DateTime time, int years) { 
            return (AddMonths(time, years * 12));
        } 

        // Returns the day-of-month part of the specified DateTime. The returned
        // value is an integer between 1 and 31.
        // 

        public override int GetDayOfMonth(DateTime time) { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDay)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the day-of-week part of the specified DateTime. The returned value
        // is an integer between 0 and 6, where 0 indicates Sunday, 1 indicates
        // Monday, 2 indicates Tuesday, 3 indicates Wednesday, 4 indicates
        // Thursday, 5 indicates Friday, and 6 indicates Saturday. 
        //
 
        public override DayOfWeek GetDayOfWeek(DateTime time) { 
            return ((DayOfWeek)((int)(time.Ticks / TicksPerDay + 1) % 7));
        } 

        // Returns the day-of-year part of the specified DateTime. The returned value
        // is an integer between 1 and 366.
        // 

        public override int GetDayOfYear(DateTime time) { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDayOfYear)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of days in the month given by the year and
        // month arguments.
        //
 
        public override int GetDaysInMonth(int year, int month, int era) {
            CheckYearMonthRange(year, month, era); 
            if (month == 12) { 
                // For the 12th month, leap year has 30 days, and common year has 29 days.
                return (IsLeapYear(year, CurrentEra) ? 30 : 29); 
            }
            // Other months contain 30 and 29 days alternatively.  The 1st month has 30 days.
            return (((month % 2) == 1) ? 30 : 29);
        } 

        // Returns the number of days in the year given by the year argument for the current era. 
        // 

        public override int GetDaysInYear(int year, int era) { 
            CheckYearRange(year, era);
            // Common years have 354 days.  Leap years have 355 days.
            return (IsLeapYear(year, CurrentEra) ? 355: 354);
        } 

        // Returns the era for the specified DateTime value. 
 
        public override int GetEra(DateTime time) {
            CheckTicksRange(time.Ticks); 
            return (HijriEra);
        }

 
        public override int[] Eras {
            get { 
                return (new int[] {HijriEra}); 
            }
        } 

        // Returns the month part of the specified DateTime. The returned value is an
        // integer between 1 and 12.
        // 

        public override int GetMonth(DateTime time) { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartMonth)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of months in the specified year and era.

        public override int GetMonthsInYear(int year, int era) {
            CheckYearRange(year, era); 
            return (12);
        } 
 
        // Returns the year part of the specified DateTime. The returned value is an
        // integer between 1 and MaxCalendarYear. 
        //

        public override int GetYear(DateTime time) {
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartYear)); 
        }
 
        // Checks whether a given day in the specified era is a leap day. This method returns true if 
        // the date is a leap day, or false if not.
        // 

        public override bool IsLeapDay(int year, int month, int day, int era) {
            // The year/month/era value checking is done in GetDaysInMonth().
            int daysInMonth = GetDaysInMonth(year, month, era); 
            if (day < 1 || day > daysInMonth) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "day", 
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Day"),
                                daysInMonth,
                                month));
            } 
            return (IsLeapYear(year, era) && month == 12 && day == 30);
        } 
 
        // Returns  the leap month in a calendar year of the specified era. This method returns 0
        // if this calendar does not have leap month, or this year is not a leap year. 
        //

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override int GetLeapMonth(int year, int era) 
        {
            CheckYearRange(year, era); 
            return (0); 
        }
 
        // Checks whether a given month in the specified era is a leap month. This method returns true if
        // month is a leap month, or false if not.
        //
 
        public override bool IsLeapMonth(int year, int month, int era) {
            CheckYearMonthRange(year, month, era); 
            return (false); 
        }
 
        // Checks whether a given year in the specified era is a leap year. This method returns true if
        // year is a leap year, or false if not.
        //
 
        public override bool IsLeapYear(int year, int era) {
            CheckYearRange(year, era); 
            return ((((year * 11) + 14) % 30) < 11); 
        }
 
        // Returns the date and time converted to a DateTime value.  Throws an exception if the n-tuple is invalid.
        //

        public override DateTime ToDateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, int era) { 
            // The year/month/era checking is done in GetDaysInMonth().
            int daysInMonth = GetDaysInMonth(year, month, era); 
            if (day < 1 || day > daysInMonth) { 
                BCLDebug.Log("year = " + year + ", month = " + month + ", day = " + day);
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "day",
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Day"), 
                                daysInMonth,
                                month)); 
            } 

            long lDate = GetAbsoluteDateHijri(year, month, day); 

            if (lDate >= 0) {
                return (new DateTime(lDate * GregorianCalendar.TicksPerDay + TimeToTicks(hour, minute, second, millisecond)));
            } else { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(null, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_BadYearMonthDay"));
            } 
        } 

        private const int DEFAULT_TWO_DIGIT_YEAR_MAX = 1451; 


        public override int TwoDigitYearMax {
            get { 
                if (twoDigitYearMax == -1) {
                    twoDigitYearMax = GetSystemTwoDigitYearSetting(ID, DEFAULT_TWO_DIGIT_YEAR_MAX); 
                } 
                return (twoDigitYearMax);
            } 

            set {
                VerifyWritable();
                if (value < 99 || value > MaxCalendarYear) { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                                "value", 
                                String.Format( 
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                    99,
                                    MaxCalendarYear));

                } 
                twoDigitYearMax = value;
            } 
        } 

 
        public override int ToFourDigitYear(int year) {
            if (year < 100) {
                return (base.ToFourDigitYear(year));
            } 

            if (year > MaxCalendarYear) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                                1,
                                MaxCalendarYear)); 
            }
            return (year); 
        } 

    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 
namespace System.Globalization {
 
    using System; 
    using System.Runtime.Versioning;
#if FEATURE_PAL 
    using System.Text;
    using Microsoft.Win32;
#endif // FEATURE_PAL
 
    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    // 
    //  Rules for the Hijri calendar: 
    //    - The Hijri calendar is a strictly Lunar calendar.
    //    - Days begin at sunset. 
    //    - Islamic Year 1 (Muharram 1, 1 A.H.) is equivalent to absolute date
    //        227015 (Friday, July 16, 622 C.E. - Julian).
    //    - Leap Years occur in the 2, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 18, 21, 24, 26, & 29th
    //        years of a 30-year cycle.  Year = leap iff ((11y+14) mod 30 < 11). 
    //    - There are 12 months which contain alternately 30 and 29 days.
    //    - The 12th month, Dhu al-Hijjah, contains 30 days instead of 29 days 
    //        in a leap year. 
    //    - Common years have 354 days.  Leap years have 355 days.
    //    - There are 10,631 days in a 30-year cycle. 
    //    - The Islamic months are:
    //        1.  Muharram   (30 days)     7.  Rajab          (30 days)
    //        2.  Safar      (29 days)     8.  Sha'ban        (29 days)
    //        3.  Rabi I     (30 days)     9.  Ramadan        (30 days) 
    //        4.  Rabi II    (29 days)     10. Shawwal        (29 days)
    //        5.  Jumada I   (30 days)     11. Dhu al-Qada    (30 days) 
    //        6.  Jumada II  (29 days)     12. Dhu al-Hijjah  (29 days) {30} 
    //
    //  NOTENOTE 
    //      The calculation of the HijriCalendar is based on the absolute date.  And the
    //      absolute date means the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D.
    //      Therefore, we do not support the days before the January 1st, 1 A.D.
    // 
    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
     /* 
     **  Calendar support range: 
     **      Calendar    Minimum     Maximum
     **      ==========  ==========  ========== 
     **      Gregorian   0622/07/18   9999/12/31
     **      Hijri       0001/01/01   9666/04/03
     */
 
    [Serializable]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)] 
    public class HijriCalendar : Calendar { 

 
        public static readonly int HijriEra = 1;

        internal const int DatePartYear = 0;
        internal const int DatePartDayOfYear = 1; 
        internal const int DatePartMonth = 2;
        internal const int DatePartDay = 3; 
 
        internal const int MinAdvancedHijri = -2;
        internal const int MaxAdvancedHijri = 2; 

        internal static readonly int[] HijriMonthDays = {0,30,59,89,118,148,177,207,236,266,295,325,355};

        //internal static Calendar m_defaultInstance; 

#if !FEATURE_PAL 
        private static String m_InternationalRegKey = "Control Panel\\International"; 
#endif //!FEATURE_PAL
        private static String m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry = "AddHijriDate"; 

        private int m_HijriAdvance = Int32.MinValue;

        // DateTime.MaxValue = Hijri calendar (year:9666, month: 4, day: 3). 
        internal const int MaxCalendarYear = 9666;
        internal const int MaxCalendarMonth = 4; 
        internal const int MaxCalendarDay = 3; 
        // Hijri calendar (year: 1, month: 1, day:1 ) = Gregorian (year: 622, month: 7, day: 18)
        // This is the minimal Gregorian date that we support in the HijriCalendar. 
        internal static readonly DateTime calendarMinValue = new DateTime(622, 7, 18);
        internal static readonly DateTime calendarMaxValue = DateTime.MaxValue;

 
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override DateTime MinSupportedDateTime 
        { 
            get
            { 
                return (calendarMinValue);
            }
        }
 

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public override DateTime MaxSupportedDateTime 
        {
            get 
            {
                return (calendarMaxValue);
            }
        } 

        // Return the type of the Hijri calendar. 
        // 

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public override CalendarAlgorithmType AlgorithmType
        {
            get
            { 
                return CalendarAlgorithmType.LunarCalendar;
            } 
        } 

        /*=================================GetDefaultInstance========================== 
        **Action: Internal method to provide a default intance of HijriCalendar.  Used by NLS+ implementation
        **       and other calendars.
        **Returns:
        **Arguments: 
        **Exceptions:
        ============================================================================*/ 
        /* 
        internal static Calendar GetDefaultInstance() {
            if (m_defaultInstance == null) { 
                m_defaultInstance = new HijriCalendar();
            }
            return (m_defaultInstance);
        } 
        */
 
        // Construct an instance of Hijri calendar. 

        public HijriCalendar() { 
        }

        internal override int ID {
            get { 
                return (CAL_HIJRI);
            } 
        } 

        /*=================================GetAbsoluteDateHijri========================== 
        **Action: Gets the Absolute date for the given Hijri date.  The absolute date means
        **       the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D.
        **Returns:
        **Arguments: 
        **Exceptions:
        ============================================================================*/ 
 
        long GetAbsoluteDateHijri(int y, int m, int d) {
            return (long)(DaysUpToHijriYear(y) + HijriMonthDays[m-1] + d - 1 - HijriAdjustment); 
        }

        /*=================================DaysUpToHijriYear==========================
        **Action: Gets the total number of days (absolute date) up to the given Hijri Year. 
        **       The absolute date means the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D.
        **Returns: Gets the total number of days (absolute date) up to the given Hijri Year. 
        **Arguments: HijriYear year value in Hijri calendar. 
        **Exceptions: None
        **Notes: 
        ============================================================================*/

        long DaysUpToHijriYear(int HijriYear) {
            long NumDays;           // number of absolute days 
            int NumYear30;         // number of years up to current 30 year cycle
            int NumYearsLeft;      // number of years into 30 year cycle 
 
            //
            //  Compute the number of years up to the current 30 year cycle. 
            //
            NumYear30 = ((HijriYear - 1) / 30) * 30;

            // 
            //  Compute the number of years left.  This is the number of years
            //  into the 30 year cycle for the given year. 
            // 
            NumYearsLeft = HijriYear - NumYear30 - 1;
 
            //
            //  Compute the number of absolute days up to the given year.
            //
            NumDays = ((NumYear30 * 10631L) / 30L) + 227013L; 
            while (NumYearsLeft > 0) {
                // Common year is 354 days, and leap year is 355 days. 
                NumDays += 354 + (IsLeapYear(NumYearsLeft, CurrentEra) ? 1: 0); 
                NumYearsLeft--;
            } 

            //
            //  Return the number of absolute days.
            // 
            return (NumDays);
        } 
 

        public int HijriAdjustment { 
            get {
                if (m_HijriAdvance == Int32.MinValue) {
                    // Never been set before.  Use the system value from registry.
                    m_HijriAdvance = GetAdvanceHijriDate(); 
                }
                return (m_HijriAdvance); 
            } 

            set { 
                VerifyWritable();

                // NOTE: Check the value of Min/MaxAdavncedHijri with Arabic speakers to see if the assumption is good.
                if (value < MinAdvancedHijri || value > MaxAdvancedHijri) { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                                "HijriAdjustment", 
                                String.Format( 
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Bounds_Lower_Upper"), 
                                    MinAdvancedHijri,
                                    MaxAdvancedHijri));
                }
                m_HijriAdvance = value; 
            }
        } 
 
        /*=================================GetAdvanceHijriDate==========================
        **Action: Gets the AddHijriDate value from the registry. 
        **Returns:
        **Arguments:    None.
        **Exceptions:
        **Note: 
        **  The HijriCalendar has a user-overidable calculation.  That is, use can set a value from the control
        **  panel, so that the calculation of the Hijri Calendar can move ahead or backwards from -2 to +2 days. 
        ** 
        **  The valid string values in the registry are:
        **      "AddHijriDate-2"  =>  Add -2 days to the current calculated Hijri date. 
        **      "AddHijriDate"    =>  Add -1 day to the current calculated Hijri date.
        **      ""              =>  Add 0 day to the current calculated Hijri date.
        **      "AddHijriDate+1"  =>  Add +1 days to the current calculated Hijri date.
        **      "AddHijriDate+2"  =>  Add +2 days to the current calculated Hijri date. 
        ============================================================================*/
        [ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.None)] 
        [ResourceConsumption(ResourceScope.Machine, ResourceScope.Machine)] 
        int GetAdvanceHijriDate() {
#if !FEATURE_PAL 

            int hijriAdvance = 0;
            Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey key = null;
 
            try {
                // Open in read-only mode. 
                // Use InternalOpenSubKey so that we avoid the security check. 
                key = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.CurrentUser.InternalOpenSubKey(m_InternationalRegKey, false);
            } 
            //If this fails for any reason, we'll just return 0.
            catch (ObjectDisposedException) { return 0; }
            catch (ArgumentException) { return 0; }
 
            if (key != null) {
                try { 
                    Object value = key.InternalGetValue(m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry, null, false, false); 
                    if (value == null) {
                        return (0); 
                    }
                    String str = value.ToString();
                    if (String.Compare(str, 0, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry, 0, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) == 0) {
                        if (str.Length == m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length) 
                            hijriAdvance = -1;
                        else { 
                            str = str.Substring(m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length); 
                            try {
                                int advance = Int32.Parse(str.ToString(), CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 
                                if ((advance >= MinAdvancedHijri) && (advance <= MaxAdvancedHijri)) {
                                    hijriAdvance = advance;
                                }
                            } 
                            // If we got garbage from registry just ignore it.
                            // hijriAdvance = 0 because of declaraction assignment up above. 
                            catch (ArgumentException) { } 
                            catch (FormatException) { }
                            catch (OverflowException) { } 
                        }
                    }
                }
                finally { 
                    key.Close();
                } 
 
            }
            return (hijriAdvance); 

#else //!FEATURE_PAL

            int hijriAdvance = 0; 

            const int parameterValueLength = 255; 
            StringBuilder parameterValue = new StringBuilder(parameterValueLength); 
            bool rc = Win32Native.FetchConfigurationString(true, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry, parameterValue, parameterValueLength);
            if( rc ) 
            {
                String str = parameterValue.ToString();
                if (String.Compare(str, 0, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry, 0, m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length, true, CultureInfo.InvariantCulture) == 0) {
                    if (str.Length == m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length) 
                        hijriAdvance = -1;
                    else { 
                        str = str.Substring(m_HijriAdvanceRegKeyEntry.Length); 
                        try {
                            int advance = Int32.Parse(str.ToString(), CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); 
                            if ((advance >= MinAdvancedHijri) && (advance <= MaxAdvancedHijri)) {
                                hijriAdvance = advance;
                            }
                        } 
                        // If we got garbage from registry just ignore it.
                        // hijriAdvance = 0 because of declaraction assignment up above. 
                        catch (ArgumentException) { } 
                        catch (FormatException) { }
                        catch (OverflowException) { } 
                    }
                }
            }
 
            return (hijriAdvance);
#endif // !FEATURE_PAL 
        } 

        internal void CheckTicksRange(long ticks) { 
            if (ticks < calendarMinValue.Ticks || ticks > calendarMaxValue.Ticks) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "time",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.InvariantCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_CalendarRange"), 
                                calendarMinValue, 
                                calendarMaxValue));
            } 
        }

        internal void CheckEraRange(int era) {
            if (era != CurrentEra && era != HijriEra) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
            } 
        } 

        internal void CheckYearRange(int year, int era) { 
            CheckEraRange(era);
            if (year < 1 || year > MaxCalendarYear) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year", 
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                1,
                                MaxCalendarYear)); 
            }
        }

        internal void CheckYearMonthRange(int year, int month, int era) { 
            CheckYearRange(year, era);
            if (year == MaxCalendarYear) { 
                if (month > MaxCalendarMonth) { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                                "month", 
                                String.Format(
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                                    1, 
                                    MaxCalendarMonth));
                } 
            } 

            if (month < 1 || month > 12) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("month", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Month"));
            }
        }
 
        /*=================================GetDatePart==========================
        **Action: Returns a given date part of this DateTime. This method is used 
        **       to compute the year, day-of-year, month, or day part. 
        **Returns:
        **Arguments: 
        **Exceptions:  ArgumentException if part is incorrect.
        **Notes:
        **      First, we get the absolute date (the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.C) for the given ticks.
        **      Use the formula (((AbsoluteDate - 227013) * 30) / 10631) + 1, we can a rough value for the Hijri year. 
        **      In order to get the exact Hijri year, we compare the exact absolute date for HijriYear and (HijriYear + 1).
        **      From here, we can get the correct Hijri year. 
        ============================================================================*/ 

        internal virtual int GetDatePart(long ticks, int part) { 
            int HijriYear;                   // Hijri year
            int HijriMonth;                  // Hijri month
            int HijriDay;                    // Hijri day
            long NumDays;                 // The calculation buffer in number of days. 

            CheckTicksRange(ticks); 
 
            //
            //  Get the absolute date.  The absolute date is the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D. 
            //  1/1/0001 is absolute date 1.
            //
            NumDays = ticks / GregorianCalendar.TicksPerDay + 1;
 
            //
            //  See how much we need to backup or advance 
            // 
            NumDays += HijriAdjustment;
 
            //
            //  Calculate the appromixate Hijri Year from this magic formula.
            //
            HijriYear = (int)(((NumDays - 227013) * 30) / 10631) + 1; 

            long daysToHijriYear = DaysUpToHijriYear(HijriYear);            // The absoulte date for HijriYear 
            long daysOfHijriYear = GetDaysInYear(HijriYear, CurrentEra);    // The number of days for (HijriYear+1) year. 

            if (NumDays < daysToHijriYear) { 
                daysToHijriYear -= daysOfHijriYear;
                HijriYear--;
            } else if (NumDays == daysToHijriYear) {
                HijriYear--; 
                daysToHijriYear -= GetDaysInYear(HijriYear, CurrentEra);
            } else { 
                if (NumDays > daysToHijriYear + daysOfHijriYear) { 
                    daysToHijriYear += daysOfHijriYear;
                    HijriYear++; 
                }
            }
            if (part == DatePartYear) {
                return (HijriYear); 
            }
 
            // 
            //  Calculate the Hijri Month.
            // 

            HijriMonth = 1;
            NumDays -= daysToHijriYear;
 
            if (part == DatePartDayOfYear) {
                return ((int)NumDays); 
            } 

            while ((HijriMonth <= 12) && (NumDays > HijriMonthDays[HijriMonth - 1])) { 
                HijriMonth++;
            }
            HijriMonth--;
 
            if (part == DatePartMonth) {
                return (HijriMonth); 
            } 

            // 
            //  Calculate the Hijri Day.
            //
            HijriDay = (int)(NumDays - HijriMonthDays[HijriMonth - 1]);
 
            if (part == DatePartDay) {
                return (HijriDay); 
            } 
            // Incorrect part value.
            throw new InvalidOperationException(Environment.GetResourceString("InvalidOperation_DateTimeParsing")); 
        }

        // Returns the DateTime resulting from adding the given number of
        // months to the specified DateTime. The result is computed by incrementing 
        // (or decrementing) the year and month parts of the specified DateTime by
        // value months, and, if required, adjusting the day part of the 
        // resulting date downwards to the last day of the resulting month in the 
        // resulting year. The time-of-day part of the result is the same as the
        // time-of-day part of the specified DateTime. 
        //
        // In more precise terms, considering the specified DateTime to be of the
        // form y / m / d + t, where y is the
        // year, m is the month, d is the day, and t is the 
        // time-of-day, the result is y1 / m1 / d1 + t,
        // where y1 and m1 are computed by adding value months 
        // to y and m, and d1 is the largest value less than 
        // or equal to d that denotes a valid day in month m1 of year
        // y1. 
        //

        public override DateTime AddMonths(DateTime time, int months) {
            if (months < -120000 || months > 120000) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "months", 
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                -120000,
                                120000));
            }
            // Get the date in Hijri calendar. 
            int y = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartYear);
            int m = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartMonth); 
            int d = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDay); 
            int i = m - 1 + months;
            if (i >= 0) { 
                m = i % 12 + 1;
                y = y + i / 12;
            } else {
                m = 12 + (i + 1) % 12; 
                y = y + (i - 11) / 12;
            } 
            int days = GetDaysInMonth(y, m); 
            if (d > days) {
                d = days; 
            }
            long ticks = GetAbsoluteDateHijri(y, m, d)* TicksPerDay + (time.Ticks % TicksPerDay);
            Calendar.CheckAddResult(ticks, MinSupportedDateTime, MaxSupportedDateTime);
            return (new DateTime(ticks)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the DateTime resulting from adding the given number of 
        // years to the specified DateTime. The result is computed by incrementing
        // (or decrementing) the year part of the specified DateTime by value 
        // years. If the month and day of the specified DateTime is 2/29, and if the
        // resulting year is not a leap year, the month and day of the resulting
        // DateTime becomes 2/28. Otherwise, the month, day, and time-of-day
        // parts of the result are the same as those of the specified DateTime. 
        //
 
        public override DateTime AddYears(DateTime time, int years) { 
            return (AddMonths(time, years * 12));
        } 

        // Returns the day-of-month part of the specified DateTime. The returned
        // value is an integer between 1 and 31.
        // 

        public override int GetDayOfMonth(DateTime time) { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDay)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the day-of-week part of the specified DateTime. The returned value
        // is an integer between 0 and 6, where 0 indicates Sunday, 1 indicates
        // Monday, 2 indicates Tuesday, 3 indicates Wednesday, 4 indicates
        // Thursday, 5 indicates Friday, and 6 indicates Saturday. 
        //
 
        public override DayOfWeek GetDayOfWeek(DateTime time) { 
            return ((DayOfWeek)((int)(time.Ticks / TicksPerDay + 1) % 7));
        } 

        // Returns the day-of-year part of the specified DateTime. The returned value
        // is an integer between 1 and 366.
        // 

        public override int GetDayOfYear(DateTime time) { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDayOfYear)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of days in the month given by the year and
        // month arguments.
        //
 
        public override int GetDaysInMonth(int year, int month, int era) {
            CheckYearMonthRange(year, month, era); 
            if (month == 12) { 
                // For the 12th month, leap year has 30 days, and common year has 29 days.
                return (IsLeapYear(year, CurrentEra) ? 30 : 29); 
            }
            // Other months contain 30 and 29 days alternatively.  The 1st month has 30 days.
            return (((month % 2) == 1) ? 30 : 29);
        } 

        // Returns the number of days in the year given by the year argument for the current era. 
        // 

        public override int GetDaysInYear(int year, int era) { 
            CheckYearRange(year, era);
            // Common years have 354 days.  Leap years have 355 days.
            return (IsLeapYear(year, CurrentEra) ? 355: 354);
        } 

        // Returns the era for the specified DateTime value. 
 
        public override int GetEra(DateTime time) {
            CheckTicksRange(time.Ticks); 
            return (HijriEra);
        }

 
        public override int[] Eras {
            get { 
                return (new int[] {HijriEra}); 
            }
        } 

        // Returns the month part of the specified DateTime. The returned value is an
        // integer between 1 and 12.
        // 

        public override int GetMonth(DateTime time) { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartMonth)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of months in the specified year and era.

        public override int GetMonthsInYear(int year, int era) {
            CheckYearRange(year, era); 
            return (12);
        } 
 
        // Returns the year part of the specified DateTime. The returned value is an
        // integer between 1 and MaxCalendarYear. 
        //

        public override int GetYear(DateTime time) {
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartYear)); 
        }
 
        // Checks whether a given day in the specified era is a leap day. This method returns true if 
        // the date is a leap day, or false if not.
        // 

        public override bool IsLeapDay(int year, int month, int day, int era) {
            // The year/month/era value checking is done in GetDaysInMonth().
            int daysInMonth = GetDaysInMonth(year, month, era); 
            if (day < 1 || day > daysInMonth) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "day", 
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Day"),
                                daysInMonth,
                                month));
            } 
            return (IsLeapYear(year, era) && month == 12 && day == 30);
        } 
 
        // Returns  the leap month in a calendar year of the specified era. This method returns 0
        // if this calendar does not have leap month, or this year is not a leap year. 
        //

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override int GetLeapMonth(int year, int era) 
        {
            CheckYearRange(year, era); 
            return (0); 
        }
 
        // Checks whether a given month in the specified era is a leap month. This method returns true if
        // month is a leap month, or false if not.
        //
 
        public override bool IsLeapMonth(int year, int month, int era) {
            CheckYearMonthRange(year, month, era); 
            return (false); 
        }
 
        // Checks whether a given year in the specified era is a leap year. This method returns true if
        // year is a leap year, or false if not.
        //
 
        public override bool IsLeapYear(int year, int era) {
            CheckYearRange(year, era); 
            return ((((year * 11) + 14) % 30) < 11); 
        }
 
        // Returns the date and time converted to a DateTime value.  Throws an exception if the n-tuple is invalid.
        //

        public override DateTime ToDateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, int era) { 
            // The year/month/era checking is done in GetDaysInMonth().
            int daysInMonth = GetDaysInMonth(year, month, era); 
            if (day < 1 || day > daysInMonth) { 
                BCLDebug.Log("year = " + year + ", month = " + month + ", day = " + day);
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "day",
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Day"), 
                                daysInMonth,
                                month)); 
            } 

            long lDate = GetAbsoluteDateHijri(year, month, day); 

            if (lDate >= 0) {
                return (new DateTime(lDate * GregorianCalendar.TicksPerDay + TimeToTicks(hour, minute, second, millisecond)));
            } else { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(null, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_BadYearMonthDay"));
            } 
        } 

        private const int DEFAULT_TWO_DIGIT_YEAR_MAX = 1451; 


        public override int TwoDigitYearMax {
            get { 
                if (twoDigitYearMax == -1) {
                    twoDigitYearMax = GetSystemTwoDigitYearSetting(ID, DEFAULT_TWO_DIGIT_YEAR_MAX); 
                } 
                return (twoDigitYearMax);
            } 

            set {
                VerifyWritable();
                if (value < 99 || value > MaxCalendarYear) { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                                "value", 
                                String.Format( 
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                    99,
                                    MaxCalendarYear));

                } 
                twoDigitYearMax = value;
            } 
        } 

 
        public override int ToFourDigitYear(int year) {
            if (year < 100) {
                return (base.ToFourDigitYear(year));
            } 

            if (year > MaxCalendarYear) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                                1,
                                MaxCalendarYear)); 
            }
            return (year); 
        } 

    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

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