Decoder.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ Net / Net / 3.5.50727.3053 / DEVDIV / depot / DevDiv / releases / whidbey / netfxsp / ndp / clr / src / BCL / System / Text / Decoder.cs / 1 / Decoder.cs

                            // ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 
namespace System.Text
{ 
    using System.Runtime.Serialization; 
    using System.Text;
    using System; 
    // A Decoder is used to decode a sequence of blocks of bytes into a
    // sequence of blocks of characters. Following instantiation of a decoder,
    // sequential blocks of bytes are converted into blocks of characters through
    // calls to the GetChars method. The decoder maintains state between the 
    // conversions, allowing it to correctly decode byte sequences that span
    // adjacent blocks. 
    // 
    // Instances of specific implementations of the Decoder abstract base
    // class are typically obtained through calls to the GetDecoder method 
    // of Encoding objects.
    //
    [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
    [Serializable()] 
    public abstract class Decoder
    { 
        internal DecoderFallback         m_fallback = null; 

        [NonSerialized] 
        internal DecoderFallbackBuffer   m_fallbackBuffer = null;

        internal void SerializeDecoder(SerializationInfo info)
        { 
            info.AddValue("m_fallback", this.m_fallback);
        } 
 
        protected Decoder( )
        { 
            // We don't call default reset because default reset probably isn't good if we aren't initialized.
        }

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public DecoderFallback Fallback
        { 
            get 
            {
                return m_fallback; 
            }

            set
            { 
                if (value == null)
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("value"); 
 
                // Can't change fallback if buffer is wrong
                if (m_fallbackBuffer != null && m_fallbackBuffer.Remaining > 0) 
                    throw new ArgumentException(
                      Environment.GetResourceString("Argument_FallbackBufferNotEmpty"), "value");

                m_fallback = value; 
                m_fallbackBuffer = null;
            } 
        } 

        // Note: we don't test for threading here because async access to Encoders and Decoders 
        // doesn't work anyway.
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public DecoderFallbackBuffer FallbackBuffer
        { 
            get
            { 
                if (m_fallbackBuffer == null) 
                {
                    if (m_fallback != null) 
                        m_fallbackBuffer = m_fallback.CreateFallbackBuffer();
                    else
                        m_fallbackBuffer = DecoderFallback.ReplacementFallback.CreateFallbackBuffer();
                } 

                return m_fallbackBuffer; 
            } 
        }
 
        internal bool InternalHasFallbackBuffer
        {
            get
            { 
                return m_fallbackBuffer != null;
            } 
        } 

        // Reset the Decoder 
        //
        // Normally if we call GetChars() and an error is thrown we don't change the state of the Decoder.  This
        // would allow the caller to correct the error condition and try again (such as if they need a bigger buffer.)
        // 
        // If the caller doesn't want to try again after GetChars() throws an error, then they need to call Reset().
        // 
        // Virtual implimentation has to call GetChars with flush and a big enough buffer to clear a 0 byte string 
        // We avoid GetMaxCharCount() because a) we can't call the base encoder and b) it might be really big.
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual void Reset()
        {
            byte[] byteTemp = {};
            char[] charTemp = new char[GetCharCount(byteTemp, 0, 0, true)]; 
            GetChars(byteTemp, 0, 0, charTemp, 0, true);
            if (m_fallbackBuffer != null) 
                m_fallbackBuffer.Reset(); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of characters the next call to GetChars will
        // produce if presented with the given range of bytes. The returned value
        // takes into account the state in which the decoder was left following the
        // last call to GetChars. The state of the decoder is not affected 
        // by a call to this method.
        // 
        public abstract int GetCharCount(byte[] bytes, int index, int count); 

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual int GetCharCount(byte[] bytes, int index, int count, bool flush)
        {
            return GetCharCount(bytes, index, count);
        } 

        // We expect this to be the workhorse for NLS Encodings, but for existing 
        // ones we need a working (if slow) default implimentation) 
        [CLSCompliant(false)]
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual unsafe int GetCharCount(byte* bytes, int count, bool flush)
        {
            // Validate input parameters
            if (bytes == null) 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("bytes",
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentNull_Array")); 
 
            if (count < 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("count", 
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum"));

            byte[] arrbyte = new byte[count];
            int index; 

            for (index = 0; index < count; index++) 
                arrbyte[index] = bytes[index]; 

            return GetCharCount(arrbyte, 0, count); 
        }

        // Decodes a range of bytes in a byte array into a range of characters
        // in a character array. The method decodes byteCount bytes from 
        // bytes starting at index byteIndex, storing the resulting
        // characters in chars starting at index charIndex. The 
        // decoding takes into account the state in which the decoder was left 
        // following the last call to this method.
        // 
        // An exception occurs if the character array is not large enough to
        // hold the complete decoding of the bytes. The GetCharCount method
        // can be used to determine the exact number of characters that will be
        // produced for a given range of bytes. Alternatively, the 
        // GetMaxCharCount method of the Encoding that produced this
        // decoder can be used to determine the maximum number of characters that 
        // will be produced for a given number of bytes, regardless of the actual 
        // byte values.
        // 
        public abstract int GetChars(byte[] bytes, int byteIndex, int byteCount,
                                        char[] chars, int charIndex);

        public virtual int GetChars(byte[] bytes, int byteIndex, int byteCount, 
                                       char[] chars, int charIndex, bool flush)
        { 
            return GetChars(bytes, byteIndex, byteCount, chars, charIndex); 
        }
 
        // We expect this to be the workhorse for NLS Encodings, but for existing
        // ones we need a working (if slow) default implimentation)
        //
        // WARNING WARNING WARNING 
        //
        // WARNING: If this breaks it could be a security threat.  Obviously we 
        // call this internally, so you need to make sure that your pointers, counts 
        // and indexes are correct when you call this method.
        // 
        // In addition, we have internal code, which will be marked as "safe" calling
        // this code.  However this code is dependent upon the implimentation of an
        // external GetChars() method, which could be overridden by a third party and
        // the results of which cannot be guaranteed.  We use that result to copy 
        // the char[] to our char* output buffer.  If the result count was wrong, we
        // could easily overflow our output buffer.  Therefore we do an extra test 
        // when we copy the buffer so that we don't overflow charCount either. 
        [CLSCompliant(false)]
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual unsafe int GetChars(byte* bytes, int byteCount,
                                              char* chars, int charCount, bool flush)
        {
            // Validate input parameters 
            if (chars == null || bytes == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException(chars == null ? "chars" : "bytes", 
                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentNull_Array")); 

            if (byteCount < 0 || charCount < 0) 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException((byteCount<0 ? "byteCount" : "charCount"),
                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum"));

            // Get the byte array to convert 
            byte[] arrByte = new byte[byteCount];
 
            int index; 
            for (index = 0; index < byteCount; index++)
                arrByte[index] = bytes[index]; 

            // Get the char array to fill
            char[] arrChar = new char[charCount];
 
            // Do the work
            int result = GetChars(arrByte, 0, byteCount, arrChar, 0, flush); 
 
            // The only way this could fail is a bug in GetChars
            BCLDebug.Assert(result <= charCount, "Returned more chars than we have space for"); 

            // Copy the char array
            // WARNING: We MUST make sure that we don't copy too many chars.  We can't
            // rely on result because it could be a 3rd party implimentation.  We need 
            // to make sure we never copy more than charCount chars no matter the value
            // of result 
            if (result < charCount) 
                charCount = result;
 
            // We check both result and charCount so that we don't accidentally overrun
            // our pointer buffer just because of any GetChars bug.
            for (index = 0; index < charCount; index++)
                chars[index] = arrChar[index]; 

            return charCount; 
        } 

        // This method is used when the output buffer might not be large enough. 
        // It will decode until it runs out of bytes, and then it will return
        // true if it the entire input was converted.  In either case it
        // will also return the number of converted bytes and output characters used.
        // It will only throw a buffer overflow exception if the entire lenght of chars[] is 
        // too small to store the next char. (like 0 or maybe 1 or 4 for some encodings)
        // We're done processing this buffer only if completed returns true. 
        // 
        // Might consider checking Max...Count to avoid the extra counting step.
        // 
        // Note that if all of the input bytes are not consumed, then we'll do a /2, which means
        // that its likely that we didn't consume as many bytes as we could have.  For some
        // applications this could be slow.  (Like trying to exactly fill an output buffer from a bigger stream)
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual void Convert(byte[] bytes, int byteIndex, int byteCount,
                                      char[] chars, int charIndex, int charCount, bool flush, 
                                      out int bytesUsed, out int charsUsed, out bool completed) 
        {
            // Validate parameters 
            if (bytes == null || chars == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException((bytes == null ? "bytes" : "chars"),
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentNull_Array"));
 
            if (byteIndex < 0 || byteCount < 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException((byteIndex<0 ? "byteIndex" : "byteCount"), 
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum")); 

            if (charIndex < 0 || charCount < 0) 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException((charIndex<0 ? "charIndex" : "charCount"),
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum"));

            if (bytes.Length - byteIndex < byteCount) 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("bytes",
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_IndexCountBuffer")); 
 
            if (chars.Length - charIndex < charCount)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("chars", 
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_IndexCountBuffer"));

            bytesUsed = byteCount;
 
            // Its easy to do if it won't overrun our buffer.
            while (bytesUsed > 0) 
            { 
                if (GetCharCount(bytes, byteIndex, bytesUsed, flush) <= charCount)
                { 
                    charsUsed = GetChars(bytes, byteIndex, bytesUsed, chars, charIndex, flush);
                    completed = (bytesUsed == byteCount &&
                        (m_fallbackBuffer == null || m_fallbackBuffer.Remaining == 0));
                    return; 
                }
 
                // Try again with 1/2 the count, won't flush then 'cause won't read it all 
                flush = false;
                bytesUsed /= 2; 
            }

            // Oops, we didn't have anything, we'll have to throw an overflow
            throw new ArgumentException(Environment.GetResourceString("Argument_ConversionOverflow")); 
        }
 
        // This is the version that uses *. 
        // We're done processing this buffer only if completed returns true.
        // 
        // Might consider checking Max...Count to avoid the extra counting step.
        //
        // Note that if all of the input bytes are not consumed, then we'll do a /2, which means
        // that its likely that we didn't consume as many bytes as we could have.  For some 
        // applications this could be slow.  (Like trying to exactly fill an output buffer from a bigger stream)
        [CLSCompliant(false)] 
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual unsafe void Convert(byte* bytes, int byteCount,
                                             char* chars, int charCount, bool flush, 
                                             out int bytesUsed, out int charsUsed, out bool completed)
        {
            // Validate input parameters
            if (chars == null || bytes == null) 
                throw new ArgumentNullException(chars == null ? "chars" : "bytes",
                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentNull_Array")); 
 
            if (byteCount < 0 || charCount < 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException((byteCount<0 ? "byteCount" : "charCount"), 
                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum"));

            // Get ready to do it
            bytesUsed = byteCount; 

            // Its easy to do if it won't overrun our buffer. 
            while (bytesUsed > 0) 
            {
                if (GetCharCount(bytes, bytesUsed, flush) <= charCount) 
                {
                    charsUsed = GetChars(bytes, bytesUsed, chars, charCount, flush);
                    completed = (bytesUsed == byteCount &&
                        (m_fallbackBuffer == null || m_fallbackBuffer.Remaining == 0)); 
                    return;
                } 
 
                // Try again with 1/2 the count, won't flush then 'cause won't read it all
                flush = false; 
                bytesUsed /= 2;
            }

            // Oops, we didn't have anything, we'll have to throw an overflow 
            throw new ArgumentException(Environment.GetResourceString("Argument_ConversionOverflow"));
        } 
    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 
namespace System.Text
{ 
    using System.Runtime.Serialization; 
    using System.Text;
    using System; 
    // A Decoder is used to decode a sequence of blocks of bytes into a
    // sequence of blocks of characters. Following instantiation of a decoder,
    // sequential blocks of bytes are converted into blocks of characters through
    // calls to the GetChars method. The decoder maintains state between the 
    // conversions, allowing it to correctly decode byte sequences that span
    // adjacent blocks. 
    // 
    // Instances of specific implementations of the Decoder abstract base
    // class are typically obtained through calls to the GetDecoder method 
    // of Encoding objects.
    //
    [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
    [Serializable()] 
    public abstract class Decoder
    { 
        internal DecoderFallback         m_fallback = null; 

        [NonSerialized] 
        internal DecoderFallbackBuffer   m_fallbackBuffer = null;

        internal void SerializeDecoder(SerializationInfo info)
        { 
            info.AddValue("m_fallback", this.m_fallback);
        } 
 
        protected Decoder( )
        { 
            // We don't call default reset because default reset probably isn't good if we aren't initialized.
        }

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public DecoderFallback Fallback
        { 
            get 
            {
                return m_fallback; 
            }

            set
            { 
                if (value == null)
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("value"); 
 
                // Can't change fallback if buffer is wrong
                if (m_fallbackBuffer != null && m_fallbackBuffer.Remaining > 0) 
                    throw new ArgumentException(
                      Environment.GetResourceString("Argument_FallbackBufferNotEmpty"), "value");

                m_fallback = value; 
                m_fallbackBuffer = null;
            } 
        } 

        // Note: we don't test for threading here because async access to Encoders and Decoders 
        // doesn't work anyway.
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public DecoderFallbackBuffer FallbackBuffer
        { 
            get
            { 
                if (m_fallbackBuffer == null) 
                {
                    if (m_fallback != null) 
                        m_fallbackBuffer = m_fallback.CreateFallbackBuffer();
                    else
                        m_fallbackBuffer = DecoderFallback.ReplacementFallback.CreateFallbackBuffer();
                } 

                return m_fallbackBuffer; 
            } 
        }
 
        internal bool InternalHasFallbackBuffer
        {
            get
            { 
                return m_fallbackBuffer != null;
            } 
        } 

        // Reset the Decoder 
        //
        // Normally if we call GetChars() and an error is thrown we don't change the state of the Decoder.  This
        // would allow the caller to correct the error condition and try again (such as if they need a bigger buffer.)
        // 
        // If the caller doesn't want to try again after GetChars() throws an error, then they need to call Reset().
        // 
        // Virtual implimentation has to call GetChars with flush and a big enough buffer to clear a 0 byte string 
        // We avoid GetMaxCharCount() because a) we can't call the base encoder and b) it might be really big.
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual void Reset()
        {
            byte[] byteTemp = {};
            char[] charTemp = new char[GetCharCount(byteTemp, 0, 0, true)]; 
            GetChars(byteTemp, 0, 0, charTemp, 0, true);
            if (m_fallbackBuffer != null) 
                m_fallbackBuffer.Reset(); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of characters the next call to GetChars will
        // produce if presented with the given range of bytes. The returned value
        // takes into account the state in which the decoder was left following the
        // last call to GetChars. The state of the decoder is not affected 
        // by a call to this method.
        // 
        public abstract int GetCharCount(byte[] bytes, int index, int count); 

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual int GetCharCount(byte[] bytes, int index, int count, bool flush)
        {
            return GetCharCount(bytes, index, count);
        } 

        // We expect this to be the workhorse for NLS Encodings, but for existing 
        // ones we need a working (if slow) default implimentation) 
        [CLSCompliant(false)]
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual unsafe int GetCharCount(byte* bytes, int count, bool flush)
        {
            // Validate input parameters
            if (bytes == null) 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("bytes",
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentNull_Array")); 
 
            if (count < 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("count", 
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum"));

            byte[] arrbyte = new byte[count];
            int index; 

            for (index = 0; index < count; index++) 
                arrbyte[index] = bytes[index]; 

            return GetCharCount(arrbyte, 0, count); 
        }

        // Decodes a range of bytes in a byte array into a range of characters
        // in a character array. The method decodes byteCount bytes from 
        // bytes starting at index byteIndex, storing the resulting
        // characters in chars starting at index charIndex. The 
        // decoding takes into account the state in which the decoder was left 
        // following the last call to this method.
        // 
        // An exception occurs if the character array is not large enough to
        // hold the complete decoding of the bytes. The GetCharCount method
        // can be used to determine the exact number of characters that will be
        // produced for a given range of bytes. Alternatively, the 
        // GetMaxCharCount method of the Encoding that produced this
        // decoder can be used to determine the maximum number of characters that 
        // will be produced for a given number of bytes, regardless of the actual 
        // byte values.
        // 
        public abstract int GetChars(byte[] bytes, int byteIndex, int byteCount,
                                        char[] chars, int charIndex);

        public virtual int GetChars(byte[] bytes, int byteIndex, int byteCount, 
                                       char[] chars, int charIndex, bool flush)
        { 
            return GetChars(bytes, byteIndex, byteCount, chars, charIndex); 
        }
 
        // We expect this to be the workhorse for NLS Encodings, but for existing
        // ones we need a working (if slow) default implimentation)
        //
        // WARNING WARNING WARNING 
        //
        // WARNING: If this breaks it could be a security threat.  Obviously we 
        // call this internally, so you need to make sure that your pointers, counts 
        // and indexes are correct when you call this method.
        // 
        // In addition, we have internal code, which will be marked as "safe" calling
        // this code.  However this code is dependent upon the implimentation of an
        // external GetChars() method, which could be overridden by a third party and
        // the results of which cannot be guaranteed.  We use that result to copy 
        // the char[] to our char* output buffer.  If the result count was wrong, we
        // could easily overflow our output buffer.  Therefore we do an extra test 
        // when we copy the buffer so that we don't overflow charCount either. 
        [CLSCompliant(false)]
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual unsafe int GetChars(byte* bytes, int byteCount,
                                              char* chars, int charCount, bool flush)
        {
            // Validate input parameters 
            if (chars == null || bytes == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException(chars == null ? "chars" : "bytes", 
                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentNull_Array")); 

            if (byteCount < 0 || charCount < 0) 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException((byteCount<0 ? "byteCount" : "charCount"),
                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum"));

            // Get the byte array to convert 
            byte[] arrByte = new byte[byteCount];
 
            int index; 
            for (index = 0; index < byteCount; index++)
                arrByte[index] = bytes[index]; 

            // Get the char array to fill
            char[] arrChar = new char[charCount];
 
            // Do the work
            int result = GetChars(arrByte, 0, byteCount, arrChar, 0, flush); 
 
            // The only way this could fail is a bug in GetChars
            BCLDebug.Assert(result <= charCount, "Returned more chars than we have space for"); 

            // Copy the char array
            // WARNING: We MUST make sure that we don't copy too many chars.  We can't
            // rely on result because it could be a 3rd party implimentation.  We need 
            // to make sure we never copy more than charCount chars no matter the value
            // of result 
            if (result < charCount) 
                charCount = result;
 
            // We check both result and charCount so that we don't accidentally overrun
            // our pointer buffer just because of any GetChars bug.
            for (index = 0; index < charCount; index++)
                chars[index] = arrChar[index]; 

            return charCount; 
        } 

        // This method is used when the output buffer might not be large enough. 
        // It will decode until it runs out of bytes, and then it will return
        // true if it the entire input was converted.  In either case it
        // will also return the number of converted bytes and output characters used.
        // It will only throw a buffer overflow exception if the entire lenght of chars[] is 
        // too small to store the next char. (like 0 or maybe 1 or 4 for some encodings)
        // We're done processing this buffer only if completed returns true. 
        // 
        // Might consider checking Max...Count to avoid the extra counting step.
        // 
        // Note that if all of the input bytes are not consumed, then we'll do a /2, which means
        // that its likely that we didn't consume as many bytes as we could have.  For some
        // applications this could be slow.  (Like trying to exactly fill an output buffer from a bigger stream)
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual void Convert(byte[] bytes, int byteIndex, int byteCount,
                                      char[] chars, int charIndex, int charCount, bool flush, 
                                      out int bytesUsed, out int charsUsed, out bool completed) 
        {
            // Validate parameters 
            if (bytes == null || chars == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException((bytes == null ? "bytes" : "chars"),
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentNull_Array"));
 
            if (byteIndex < 0 || byteCount < 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException((byteIndex<0 ? "byteIndex" : "byteCount"), 
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum")); 

            if (charIndex < 0 || charCount < 0) 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException((charIndex<0 ? "charIndex" : "charCount"),
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum"));

            if (bytes.Length - byteIndex < byteCount) 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("bytes",
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_IndexCountBuffer")); 
 
            if (chars.Length - charIndex < charCount)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("chars", 
                      Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_IndexCountBuffer"));

            bytesUsed = byteCount;
 
            // Its easy to do if it won't overrun our buffer.
            while (bytesUsed > 0) 
            { 
                if (GetCharCount(bytes, byteIndex, bytesUsed, flush) <= charCount)
                { 
                    charsUsed = GetChars(bytes, byteIndex, bytesUsed, chars, charIndex, flush);
                    completed = (bytesUsed == byteCount &&
                        (m_fallbackBuffer == null || m_fallbackBuffer.Remaining == 0));
                    return; 
                }
 
                // Try again with 1/2 the count, won't flush then 'cause won't read it all 
                flush = false;
                bytesUsed /= 2; 
            }

            // Oops, we didn't have anything, we'll have to throw an overflow
            throw new ArgumentException(Environment.GetResourceString("Argument_ConversionOverflow")); 
        }
 
        // This is the version that uses *. 
        // We're done processing this buffer only if completed returns true.
        // 
        // Might consider checking Max...Count to avoid the extra counting step.
        //
        // Note that if all of the input bytes are not consumed, then we'll do a /2, which means
        // that its likely that we didn't consume as many bytes as we could have.  For some 
        // applications this could be slow.  (Like trying to exactly fill an output buffer from a bigger stream)
        [CLSCompliant(false)] 
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public virtual unsafe void Convert(byte* bytes, int byteCount,
                                             char* chars, int charCount, bool flush, 
                                             out int bytesUsed, out int charsUsed, out bool completed)
        {
            // Validate input parameters
            if (chars == null || bytes == null) 
                throw new ArgumentNullException(chars == null ? "chars" : "bytes",
                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentNull_Array")); 
 
            if (byteCount < 0 || charCount < 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException((byteCount<0 ? "byteCount" : "charCount"), 
                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum"));

            // Get ready to do it
            bytesUsed = byteCount; 

            // Its easy to do if it won't overrun our buffer. 
            while (bytesUsed > 0) 
            {
                if (GetCharCount(bytes, bytesUsed, flush) <= charCount) 
                {
                    charsUsed = GetChars(bytes, bytesUsed, chars, charCount, flush);
                    completed = (bytesUsed == byteCount &&
                        (m_fallbackBuffer == null || m_fallbackBuffer.Remaining == 0)); 
                    return;
                } 
 
                // Try again with 1/2 the count, won't flush then 'cause won't read it all
                flush = false; 
                bytesUsed /= 2;
            }

            // Oops, we didn't have anything, we'll have to throw an overflow 
            throw new ArgumentException(Environment.GetResourceString("Argument_ConversionOverflow"));
        } 
    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

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